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More than 30 combined heat and power projects are impacted by the surprise change made in secondary legislation on Renewable Heat Incentive payments

BEIS under fire for sudden withdrawal of renewable heat support

The newly-formed Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) is being urged to reverse a cut to renewable energy subsidy support which was initiated by its governmental predecessor the Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC).

To combat the dramatic cuts, DECC is suggesting an introduction of a default degression to the tariffs

DECC launches consultation proposals to slash biogas subsidies

The Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) has delivered another blow to the UK's clean energy industry, after proposing to completely cut Feed-in Tariff (FiT) schemes for large anaerobic digestion (AD) site and "severely" reduce subsidies for small and medium scale plants.

Register for edie Live on May 17-18 and book your free, expert advice clinics

Book your free expert advice clinics at edie Live

Visitors to edie Live are being given the chance to book free, one-to-one advice clinics to help them plan all aspects of their sustainability strategies.

Ministers are expected to reach a final decision on solar's inclusion in the RHI scheme in July

Solar industry fights RHI subsidy cut

The solar industry has called on ministers to abandon plans to cut support for new solar thermal projects from the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) scheme - a move proposed in a government consultation that closes today.

Energy intensive industries in the UK are currently spending around £390m a year through energy policy costs

Manufacturers seek security as Government launches consultation on energy cost relief

Manufacturers have warned that permanent exemption from energy policy costs is the 'only long-term solution' that can secure the future of energy intensive sectors such as the steel industry, after the Government opened a consultation which could save these industries £390m a year.

Low-carbon heat and the decarbonisation of transport have been highlighted as priority areas that need to be scrutinised during the course of this Parliament

MPs launch fresh enquiry into UK's renewable heat and transport targets

The Energy and Climate Change Committee (ECC) of MPs has launched a new enquiry into the UK Government's progress - or apparent lack of it - on its self-imposed targets for meeting heat and transport demands from renewable energy sources.

The proposed reforms of the Renewable Heat Incentive come as the UK remains way behind a self-imposed target of generating 12% renewable heat by 2020

Government proposes major RHI reform with removal of support for solar thermal

Another day, another shock green policy proposal from the UK Government, this time in the form of a consultation to reform the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) which would see a 98% reduction in the deployment of non-domestic biomass boilers and an end to support for solar water heating systems.

The report cites the UK’s slide out of the top 10 of analysts EY’s respected international league table on renewable energy as a cause for concern

MPs warn of 'dented' investor confidence over UK energy policy

The Government is risking higher energy prices and stalling new investment through 'sudden and numerous' energy policy changes that are denting investor confidence in the UK energy market, MPs have warned today (2 March).

The Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon project is planned for the eastern side of Swansea Bay, between the docks and a new university campus

Government to review future of tidal lagoon power

The Government will launch an independent review this spring into the feasibility of tidal lagoon energy in the UK.

George Osborne has asked the Commission to report on three initial projects by Budget 2016, one of which is energy infrastructure

National Infrastructure Commission sees energy storage as 'key part' of UK energy future

The head of the newly-established National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) has revealed he considers energy storage a key part of Britain's future energy network.

The consultation opened on 15 January and will run for four weeks

DECC asks energy sector for advice on boosting innovation

The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) has launched a public consultation in a bid to ensure that regulation in the energy sector is encouraging innovation.

The overall spending cap on the Feed-in Tariff will be £100m to 2018

Feed-in Tariff consultation: Cuts lighter than feared

The Government has announced its final decision on new rates for the Feed-in Tariff (FiT) for 2016 and beyond, including a 64% cut to the domestic solar tariff.

Solar companies have gone bust, community projects have closed and some energy experts are now predicting the end of the UK solar industry

Updated Feed-in Tariff timeline: The rise and fall of solar subsidies

With the Government's decision on major cuts to solar subsidies finally revealed, edie charts the rise and fall of the successful feed-in tariff (FiT) scheme which have been slashed by 64%.

The response also called for “consistent application of standard” and a “clear direction of travel” in order to build investor confidence.

Defra reveals UK's response to EU circular economy consultation

Defra has published the UK Government's response to the EU's public circular economy consultation, including calls for more cross-sector collaboration and voluntary - rather than prescriptive - measures.

DECC's Paul van Heyningen was speaking at a Food and Drink Federation event in London. Photo: FDF

Carbon reduction incentives could ease 'complex' policy landscape, says DECC

UK businesses are operating within a "complex" energy policy environment and need to engage with Government over the potential introduction of new financial incentives to stimulate carbon reductions, a DECC official has claimed.

Outside of technology, the EIC report also calls for the establishment of a statutory Air Quality Committee

EV's 'too expensive' to tackle air pollution alone, says EIC

Electric cars could be up to five times more expensive than other methods of tackling air pollution on our roads, a new report from the Environmental Industries Commission (EIC) has found.

80% of participants believe that the FiT changes will reduce annual installation capacity by 80%

FiT cuts would 'cripple' 70% of solar industry, survey finds

A new survey launched on the back of the Government's controversial feed-in tariff (FiT) consultation has found that 70% of solar installers are concerned that the anticipated cuts to subsidies could 'cripple' their financial stability.

The STA is calling for £95m in subsidies over the next three years

£1 solar rescue plan gets cross-party backing

A plan to 'save the solar industry' by adding £1 on to consumer bills has received support from a cross-party coalition of 30 MPs.

The UK has managed to increase its renewable capacity by threefold over the last five years to 28.4GW

Renewables lowered electricity costs by £1.5bn in 2014, report finds

A new report has revealed that renewable energy in the form of wind and solar photovoltaics reduced the wholesale annual cost of electricity by £1.55bn.

The UN is to formally adopt the set of 17 new Sustainable Development Goals for 2030

Sustainable Development Goals: Businesses urged to take the lead

Sir Richard Branson, Unilever's Paul Polman and Professor Stephen Hawking are among those that have thrown their support behind the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), set to be authorised today (25 September).

P&G said it chose its 30% target after consultation with WWF and based on the science presented by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

P&G makes bold energy and clean water pledges

Consumer goods firm Procter & Gamble (P&G) has announced two ambitious new sustainability targets for 2020; cutting emissions by 30% and providing 15 billion litres of clean drinking water by 2020.

The three areas of scrutiny were chosen following a public consultation with industry stakeholders, which drew nearly 250 responses

Climate watchdog launches inquiries into UK energy policies

The UK Parliament's Energy and Climate Change Committee has launched three inquiries into the Conservative Government's track record on the low-carbon economy and potential policy options going forward.

More than 50,000 people a year die prematurely as a result of air pollution in the UK

Government passing the buck on air pollution, say campaigners

A government plan to meet European air quality limits by letting councils ban diesel vehicles and charge drivers more for parking polluting cars and vans is disappointing and could result in further court cases and tens of thousands of unnecessary deaths, critics say.

The report calls on Government to 'reduce the overall burden' placed onto businesses through energy taxations and levies

Manufacturers call for policy shift 'from stick to carrot' on green taxes

The UK Government should move away from out-dated green taxes which target businesses and instead offer green tax incentives to reduce carbon emissions, according to the manufacturers' organisation EEF.

The report found that there are already 3.4 million people employed in circular economy jobs

Circular economy can create 3 million jobs - WRAP

A European transition to the circular economy could create three million extra jobs by 2030 and reduce unemployment by 520,000, a new WRAP study has claimed.

The reasons behind the refusals included adverse visual effects, local wildlife damage and a negative impact on tourism

DECC rejects 4 Wales wind farms

The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) has rejected four planned onshore wind farms in mid-Wales with a potential capacity of more than 350 MW.

The Home Quality Mark has been designed to empower and enrich the quality of new residential properties

Sustainability rating scheme to promote 'healthier' UK homes

A new 5-star rating scheme is being introduced by the Building Research Establishment (BRE) to help house-buyers make informed decisions about the green credentials of their homes.

The EU closed its consultation on what the circular economy package should look like on the 20 August, and is expected to present the plan by the end of 2015

WRAP highlights three priorities for EU circular economy package

The Waste and Resources Action Plan (WRAP) has revealed its response to the EU's circular economy consultation, detailing three key targets for the forthcoming package.

New ABDA figures showed that AD now provides more capacity than the Wylfa nuclear power plant in Wales

UK's AD capacity now greater than a nuclear power station

The UK's anaerobic digestion (AD) industry has surpassed the 500MW capacity milestone, with 411 plants across the farming, waste and water sectors.

Richard Lochhead believes circular economy offers an 'exciting perspective' for Scotland

Scotland launches circular economy consultation

Scotland's environment secretary Richard Lochhead yesterday (20 August) launched a consultation aiming to create a fully fledged circular economy for the country.

The REA fears small projects on schools and farms could be killed off

Feed-in tariff changes will 'kill deployment' of small renewables, industry warns

Community renewables and anaerobic digestion (AD) are most at risk from the proposed changes in the Government's feed-in tariff (FIT) review, the renewable energy industry has warned.

Scientists found the butterfly's wings were 7C warmer when held at a 13 degree angle compared to flat

Butterfly bio-engineering could boost solar panel output by 50%

Mimicking the structure of a butterfly's wings could boost the output of solar panels by almost 50%, researchers from the University of Exeter have claimed.

Financial support for many new solar farms will end under the Government's new plans

Solar subsidies to end as Government seeks to control costs

The Department for Energy and Climate Change has dealt another series of blows to the renewable energy industry with fresh proposals to cease financial support for solar and biomass conversion plants and amend the feed-in tariff (FiT) scheme for smaller projects.

Representatives from WRAP, Viridor and the Environmental Industries Commission took part in a Parliamentary seminar on the circular economy

Circular economy package: Policy priorities for the UK

The European Commission's long-awaited circular economy package must take into consideration renewable and decentralised energy, economic growth and voluntary agreements as a means to minimise waste across the continent.

London's NO2 pollution hotspots are caused largely by a high concentration of diesel buses

Almost all London boroughs failed EU air pollution limit for toxic NO2 gas

All but two of London's boroughs are exceeding EU limits for a toxic gas linked to respiratory problems, ministers have admitted.

Decc said the idea that fracking applications would receive less environmental scrutiny from the public was “simply untrue”.

Government defends plans to cut fracking red tape

The Department for Energy & Climate Change (DECC) has dismissed claims that it intends to "fast-track fracking without public consent".

The upcoming package will reportedly look beyond waste policy and address the full product lifecycle, taking into account the situation in all Member States

EU asks for public advice on circular economy

The European Commissions has launched a 12-week public consultation to help inform its upcoming circular economy action plan, to be presented by the end of 2015.

The project would use waste left over after recycling as a fuel to generate electricity and heat for local homes and businesses

North London eyes new energy recovery project to hit 50% recycling target

The North London Waste Authority (NLWA) has unveiled bold plans to develop a new £500m energy recovery facility that will generate electricity from non-recyclable waste to power local homes and businesses.

Landlords in England and Wales will be legally required to upgrade their leakiest properties to an energy efficiency rating of at least Band E by April 2018

Next government 'must address loophole in new energy efficiency regulations'

The new laws which will effectively ban landlords from letting energy-inefficient homes contain a 'loophole' that means tens of thousands of people living in poorly-insulated homes will be left in the cold.

The announcement was welcomed by campaigners as

Scotland announces moratorium on fracking for shale gas

The Scottish government has announced a moratorium on all planning consents for unconventional oil and gas extraction, including fracking.

The subsidy cut applies to all solar wind farms of more than 5MW capacity and comes into force on April 1 next year

Judicial review on solar subsidy cut dismissed by High Court

A judicial review launched earlier this year by four solar companies in response to DECC's decision to end subsidies for large solar farms was rejected this morning by the High Court.

Amber Rudd was appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at DECC in July

Amber Rudd speech raises questions over DECC's solar ambitions

The UK solar industry has hit back at comments made by new climate change minister Amber Rudd, with question marks being raised over DECC's level of ambition for solar after its changes to solar subsidies earlier this month.

The Renewables Obligation scheme will close to solar farms above 5MW two years early

Government boosts renewables funding, confirms controversial solar subsidy changes

The Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) has announced it is adding £95m to the Contracts for Difference (CfD) scheme, but also removing large-scale solar farms from the existing Renewables Obligation (RO) initiative.

The several hundred-strong "No Dash for Gas - Reclaim The Power" camp has positioned itself close to one of two planned drill sites by energy firm Cuadrilla and is expected to remain for six days. File photo

Protesters occupy field near Cuadrilla's proposed fracking site in Blackpool

Protest camp set up in Fylde area as locals and campaigning groups prepare for mass action on Sunday.

Lord Smith will step down as Environment Agency chairman in early September

Leader interview: Environment Agency chairman Lord Chris Smith

"The biggest challenge for water by a long way is the developing impact of climate change. That's going to determine everything that happens in water policy over the next 30 to 40 years."

The Government wants buildings with a poor energy rating to be brought up to standard before they can be let

New EPC standards could hit one in three commercial properties

Commercial property owners across the country are being urged to 'get ahead of the game' and prepare for upcoming energy efficiency standards which could have a negative effect on more than a third of buildings.

The Government is extending the permitted development of non-domestic rooftop solar PV schemes to up to 1MW in size

Solar policy U-turn to face Judicial Review

Energy Secretary Ed Davey has been accused of 'slamming the breaks on Britain's fledging solar energy business as the industry today (4 August) takes legal action against the Government.

The High Court ruled the DECC had acted unlawfully in 2012, failing to adhere to consultation rules over Feed-In Tariff cuts

Solar firms entitled to pursue £132m claim against Government

The High Court has ruled that 14 British solar and construction companies can pursue up to £132m worth of compensation over the Government's illegal cuts to feed-in tariff subsidies for solar installations in 2011.

According to DECC's own polls, 85% of the public favour solar technology

Uncertainty 'damaging' UK solar industry, businesses warn PM

More than 150 businesses have called for Prime Minister David Cameron to support the UK solar industry in a letter to Downing Street today (7 July).

The majority of small business owners expressed concerns about how climate change will affect their operations. Photo credit: Rena Schild /

American SMEs already feeling harmful effects of climate change

More than half of small business owners in the US believe climate change will adversely affect their business, with nearly one in five admitting that extreme weather events have already affected their operations.

Energy Performance Certificates became mandatory in 2008 and are required whenever a property is built, sold or rented

Government must end uncertainty on energy standards in buildings

Business leaders from some of the UK's largest property owners, developers and occupiers are urging the Government to end the 'prevarication' around the introduction of mandatory energy efficiency standards for privately rented commercial buildings.

Joe Franses is director of corporate responsibility and sustainability at Coca-Cola Enterprises

In Conversation with Coca-Cola's Joe Franses

From recycling commitments to revamped water strategies, Coca Cola Enterprises (CCE) is putting sustainability firmly in the spotlight. Edie talks with director of corporate responsibility and sustainability, Joe Franses, to find out more about the group's various green initiatives.

Most carmakers are on track hit CO2 targets, irrespective of the size and type of vehicle they sell

Europe's CO2 reduction race: Carmakers on track to hit fuel efficiency targets

Five out of seven European car manufacturers will reach the EU's carbon emissions objectives by the 2021 deadline if they progress at the same rate since the law was introduced in 2008.

Ewe Hill Wind Farm will boast 51MW of capacity, powering the equivalent of 24,000 homes in the area

Split decision over wind farms in Scotland

The Scottish Government has this week given the go-ahead for a 22-turbine wind farm in Dumfries and Galloway, but Ministers have rejected plans for a similar-sized scheme on the Scottish borders.

Delegates at the BSI event felt that the circular economy was a topic for international action

BSI investigates potential for a circular economy standard

The British Standards Institution (BSI) is exploring the feasibility of developing a circular economy standard following a stakeholder consultation exercise.

The renewable energy industry is united in its opposing stance to today's controversial announcement

Solar subsidy changes: Industry reaction

The Government has been accused of having 'an unjustified bias against solar and decentralised energy' after revealing controversial plans to cut financial support for solar farms.

The Government has confirmed plans to close the RO scheme to 5MW+ solar farm applications

Government reveals drastic changes to solar farm subsidies

Large-scale solar farms will no longer receive financial support through the Renewables Obligation (RO) scheme as of next April, under new proposals put forward by the Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) earlier today (13 May).

Utilyx argues that 'hidden charges' could be costing businesses as much as £100m per year

'Hidden fees' add £100m to business energy bills

With energy regulator Ofgem set to provide a review of policy tomorrow (13 May), one of the UK's biggest energy buyers is calling for an end to businesses being 'kept in the dark' on up to £100m-worth of hidden fees.

The proposed consultation has already sparked a wave of criticism from the solar industry

Government confirms controversial solar subsidy review

Climate Change Minister Greg Barker has stated that a public consultation proposing changes to financial support for the large-scale solar industry 'will be issued shortly'.

The Resource Association welcomes the new consultation

Wales launches new guidance on waste collections

The Welsh Government has unveiled a consultation on new waste collection guidance that aims to help councils and businesses understand what recycling services they are legally obligated to provide under waste law.

A new 'Water Shares' option would incentivise the trading of water during times of scarcity says ICE

'Water Shares' will create mutual responsibility to preserve water, say experts

Introducing a new 'Water Shares' system which would see all water abstractors own a share in their local water catchment, could create a sense of "mutual responsibility" to preserve water supply, according to the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE).

New glass recycling target unveiled

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs has confirmed that it is to lower glass recycling targets.

Mixed response over Osborne's landfill tax plans

George Osborne's Budget has received a mixed reaction from the waste and recycling industry, with views divided over the announcement that landfill tax is to increase in line with the retail price index from April next year.

Bigger fines for environmental crimes

Businesses warned over higher fines for environmental crimes

Businesses face bigger fines for breaking environmental laws due to new sentencing guidelines for courts in England and Wales.

Anaerobic digestion industry expresses dismay over DECC's FIT decision

The anaerobic digestion (AD) industry has expressed dismay over the Department of Energy & Climate Change's (DECC) decision to rule out a consultation on feed-in-tariffs (FIT).

Scotland issues formal consultations on sustainable water management

Two public consultations have been launched to help inform the next stage of Scotland's plans for sustainable management of rivers, lochs, estuaries, coastal waters and groundwater.

Government launches consultation on water abstraction reform

The Government is aiming to "modernise" the way water is abstracted from rivers and groundwater following the launch of a new consultation on license reforms.

Communities to get more say on wind turbine plans

Communities will have a greater say over wind turbine proposals and siting when the Government makes early consultation between local people and developers compulsory.

Business 'concerned' by overlapping energy and carbon reduction schemes

The increasing introduction and overlap of energy and carbon reduction schemes is "causing business concern", according to a consultation response to the Government's proposed Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS).

Water must be 'special focus' of UN's post-2015 development agenda

The water community has called for the United Nations to put special emphasis on water when it considers the post-2015 global development agenda.

Biodiversity offsetting could improve the environment for wildlife as well as simplify the existing planning process, says the Government

Biodiversity 'offsetting' proposals could be 'license to trash'

The Government's proposals to introduce biodiversity offsetting in the UK have been met with apprehension by environmental groups, who feel it could be a "license to trash" for developers.

New standard will drive growth in the reuse sector says WRAP

WRAP has today released draft proposals for a new standard that aims to encourage growth in the reuse sector by building customer confidence.

Gov housing proposals 'exclude key sustainability requirements'

The Government's proposals to simplify and streamline housing standards for the construction sector "fail to present a vision for sustainable homes", the UK Green Building Council (UK-GBC) has warned.

Construction sector commends Gov's zero-carbon building proposals

The construction industry has welcomed the Government's public consultation on its 'Allowable Solutions' proposals, which aims to help builders ensure that all homes are zero carbon from 2016.

Defra opens consultation on national waste prevention plan

Defra has launched a consultation on its long-awaited waste prevention programme for England, which is open to businesses, local authorities and consumers.

Fuel makes up around 40% of a haulier's operating costs

Freight transport sector challenges Gov's energy audit proposal

The Freight Transport Association (FTA) has expressed concerns over the "financial burden" of the Government's proposed introduction of energy audits for large UK companies.

Defra consults on waste management plan for England

Defra has issued a consultation on a Waste Management Plan for England as part of its requirements under the revised Waste Framework Directive (rWFD).

DECC confirms domestic RHI tariffs

Householders could be paid hundreds of pounds a year for generating renewable heat, after tariff levels for the domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) were published today.

Companies facing mandatory energy-efficiency audits under Government proposals

The Government has today published proposals which will require all large companies in the UK to undertake mandatory energy-efficiency assessments.

Energy intensive industries to retain competitive edge with CfD exemption

Energy intensive businesses are to be made exempt from the costs of Contracts for Differences (CfDs), under plans published by the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills.

Hewlett Packard highlights hefty cost savings in WEEE by slashing red tape

The UK could save up to £64m a year if the Government's WEEE consultation elects to match collection sites to compliance schemes, according to a report from Hewlett Packard (HP).

Energy intensive industry receives Government compensation guidance

New government guidance is providing energy intensive businesses information on how to claim compensation to offset the cost of energy policy in their electricity bills.

Government proposes capacity market incentive for reducing electricity demand

The Government has announced plans to amend the Energy Bill to include financial incentives via the capacity market to deliver permanent reductions in the UK's electricity demand.

Businesses asked how EU environment policies impact the UK

Defra and DECC have launched a consultation asking businesses and organisations whether being a part of the EU helps or hinders their work on the environment and climate change.

DECC launches consultation on 'deeply flawed' biomass cap

DECC has today launched a four-week consultation with proposals on how to controversially limit new biomass projects under the Renewables Obligation mechanism.

Southern water to increase investment in 'green' power

Southern Water has pledged to utilise low-carbon technologies and sustainable best practices to improve water supplies.

Ofwat director of regulatory finance Keith Mason

AMP6 price setting: what's changing?

With the price setting process for AMP6 of the water industry's regulatory cycle underway, Ofwat's director of regulatory finance, Keith Mason, is in no doubt that this is "an interesting time" for the industry. WWT's editor, Natasha Wiseman asked for an update.

The steel industry has agreed to extend its energy efficiency improvement targets to 2020

Industrial sectors sign up to 2020 energy efficiency targets

The UK's energy intensive industries have agreed to commit to extending energy efficiency improvement targets to 2020 as part of the voluntary Climate Change Agreements (CCA) scheme.

EU launches Green Paper to define 2030 carbon targets

The European Commission has published its Green Paper today which focuses on developing a 2030 framework for EU climate change and energy policies.

World Water Day prompts call to action from business

Two organisations have marked World Water Day by joining forces to create an industry working group aimed at helping businesses integrate the challenges of carbon and water management.

New sentencing proposals crack down on waste criminals

Fly-tippers and other serious waste offenders could be slapped with larger fines after new environmental sentencing proposals were launched yesterday (14 March).

Has Defra delivered a guiding light on EfW?

The Government's recent energy-from-waste guide aims to offer some clarity on the energy recovery debate, but how helpful is it? Rebecca Eatwell attempts to find out

ValeStock /

Stella Artois and Beck's brewer demonstrates environmental credentials

The brewer of beers such as Stella Artois, Beck's and Budweiser has achieved its three year global environmental goals on water, energy, carbon emissions and recycling.

Pickles to face judicial review over 'appalling governance' on energy efficiency

Communities Secretary Eric Pickles is facing a judicial review for ditching energy efficiency rules for household extensions, which could have saved the economy £11bn.

Green groups criticise 'half-baked' Welsh sustainability proposals

The Welsh government has come under attack for its policies on sustainable development, which many fear are not radical enough to drive meaningful change.

BT drives renewables plan with new windfarm in Northumberland

British renewable energy company RES has signed an agreement with telecommunications provider BT to develop a new wind farm in Northumberland.

Construction waste starts to divide England and Wales

Wales has launched a consultation to reduce construction waste while England looks set to take a laxer approach on the issue.

Ofwat proposals to combat unsustainable water use

Ofwat has today announced proposals to change the way it regulates the water and sewerage sector, in an attempt to ensure the sustainable management of water.

London congestion charge changes up for consultation

A public consultation is underway to asses proposals aimed at altering the London congestion charging scheme to improve air quality in the capital.

Tim Yeo

Energy Bill is 'fundamentally flawed' says Tim Yeo

Tim Yeo slammed the Government today for its lengthy development of the Energy Bill and labelled it "fundamentally flawed" by the weakness of its demand side measures.

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