Climate Change Act

DEFINITION: Government legislation which commits the UK to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It established the framework to develop a targeted and economically-credible plan to reduce current and future emissions. The Climate Change Act commits the government to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80% of 1990 levels by 2050. 

 

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Agriculture plays a key role in climate action – both in avoiding heat-trapping greenhouse emissions and building resilience to the impacts of climate change

WWF: Agriculture can deliver 30% of climate solutions by 2030

The agricultural sector can provide up to 30% of the solutions needed by 2030 to tackle the global climate crisis, a new WWF-led initiative has claimed.

Scotland is on course to meet its 2020 Climate Act target

Scotland outpaces rest of UK in carbon reduction, halving emissions since 1990

Scotland has met its statutory annual climate change target for the third consecutive year, achieving a 49% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions against a 1990 baseline.

“Together we believe that the full implementation of the Paris Agreement means much deeper emission cuts than currently planned,”

Businesses, NGOs make joint plea for higher EU ambition on climate change

A unique coalition of businesses and investors representing over €21 trillion in assets have joined forces with local authorities and civil society groups to urge EU leaders to accelerate the transition to a zero-carbon economy in order to keep global warming below 2°C.

The summit has failed to produce a climate agreement with President Trump for the second year running

Paris Agreement ‘G6’ formed as Trump skips climate meetings

As the G7 summit in Canada came to a close, leaders of the so-called "G6" nations reaffirmed their commitment to the Paris Agreement, while President Trump asserted that the US would instead prioritise energy security and economic growth over carbon reductions.

First launched 10 years ago in France, the Harmony scheme provides farmers with a financial incentive to conserve water, protect biodiversity and reduce carbon emissions

Mondelez to use 100% sustainably-sourced wheat in EU

Confectionary giant Mondelēz International has committed to making 100% of the biscuits it manufactures in the European Union with sustainably-sourced wheat, a 40% increase from the company's biscuit production last year.

Brown called for universal and standardised report by all governments across the globe by 2030

California Governor challenges major businesses to report on climate impact

The likes of Amazon, Facebook and Caterpillar have been challenged to measure their climate impact by California's Governor Jerry Brown.

The findings suggest that a rapid decline in fossil fuel demand is no longer dependent on stronger policies

'Carbon bubble' could spark global financial crisis, study warns

Plunging prices for renewable energy and rapidly increasing investment in low-carbon technologies could leave fossil fuel companies with trillions in stranded assets and spark a global financial crisis, a new study has found.

The EAC does not believe that a voluntary approach will be effective in the medium-term

MPs urge UK Government to make climate risk reporting mandatory

Ministers have urged the UK Government to make it mandatory for companies and asset owners to report on climate-related risks by 2022 in order to "fix" the short-term mindset of the current financial system.

G7 governments provided at least $80.62bn in fiscal support and $19.54bn in public finance for fossil fuels in 2015 and 2016

G7 countries pour $100bn a year into oil, gas and coal: study

Each year, at least $100bn goes to support the production and consumption of oil, gas and coal, according to a major new study published on Monday (4 June). That is despite a promise from all G7 and G20 members to stop subsidising fossil fuels by 2025.

The Unfriend Coal report accuses 25 of the world’s largest insurers of continuing to invest in ‘dirty’ tar sands and coal energy projects

Top pension funds and insurers failing to engage with climate risks

Some of the UK's biggest pension funds are failing to address climate-related impacts, while 25 of the world's largest insurance brokers continue to invest in coal or tar sands projects, two damning reports have claimed this week.

Cheshire claimed that sustainability issues would be dealt with as nationally and globally “important” post-Brexit

Does Brexit offer the chance for UK to push climate action to new heights?

Despite mounting fears over the potential threats Brexit poses to the UK's green economy, industry leaders have claimed that leaving the EU could provide the nation with opportunities to innovate in order to remain a global leader in the sustainability sphere.

Six of the top ten supplier leaders are based in Europe

'High risk' meat and fish sector failing to combat climate-related business risks

More than half of global meat and fish suppliers have been labelled as "high risk", with new research warning that the sector is failing to manage sustainability issues such as greenhouse gas emissions and antibiotics stewardship.

The inquiry will call on Ministers to define what a realistic level of cost reduction is, and when it should be aimed for

BEIS calls for evidence on using CCS to hit 2050 emissions targets

The Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Committee has launched an inquiry into the role carbon capture and storage (CCS) will play in helping the UK meet its 2050 goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80%, against a 1990 baseline.

We've rounded up the best of the quotes from edie Live 2018

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Valdis Dombrovskis, Vice-President of the European Commission in charge of the Euro and Social Dialogue, and Jyrki Katainen, Vice-President of the EC in charge of Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness. [Georges Boulougouris/European Commission]

EU tables ground-breaking 'low-carbon benchmark' for green finance

The European Commission presented on Thursday (24 May) a set of proposals aimed at boosting private investment in low-carbon technologies like renewable energies while increasing transparency in sustainable finance to avoid green-washing.

UK insurers Aviva and Legal & General claimed second and fourth place respectively

UK insurers lead the ranks for climate action

UK insurance companies Aviva and Legal & General have taken two of the top four spots in a ranking of global insurers on their climate strategies, but globally the sector is struggling to set climate targets in line with the Paris Agreement.

The chain’s 2030 strategy also includes pledges to halve waste and water consumption levels

Hilton to halve environmental impact, starting with plastic straw ban

Global hospitality firm Hilton has unveiled a number of new sustainability ambitions that has seen it become the first in its sector to set an approved science-based target, alongside goals to halve water use and waste and remove plastic straws from its estate by the end of the year.

The research, published the journal Nature, is among the first to assess the economic impact of meeting the Paris climate goals

Hitting toughest climate target will save world $30tn in damages, analysis shows

Achieving the toughest climate change target set in the global Paris agreement will save the world about $30tn in damages, far more than the costs of cutting carbon emissions, according to a new economic analysis.

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The report claims that HSBC is one of the sector’s “biggest backsliders” on fossil investments

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The LDC group voiced frustrations over having to adapt to a changing climate, all while striving to lift their people out of poverty

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Recent figures show a 1.8% rise in CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use in 2017 in the EU

Secret UK push to weaken EU climate laws 'completely mad'

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Poland, this year’s host of the COP climate conference, continues to rely heavily on coal and is alone in the EU planning expansion

Most countries failing on Paris Agreement pledges, report warns

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Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, presents the EU’s post-2020 long-term budget proposals [© European Union, 2018 / Source: EC - Audiovisual Service]

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Researchers say that a Paris-compliant EU-ETS system could force all coal and lignite plants – even the most efficient – either off the grid or to the margin

Report: EU carbon prices could hit €55 by 2030

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It is thought that global temperature rises could be reduce by half a degree this century is all countries met their F-gas reduction targets

UK failing to address 'dangerous' F-gas emissions, MPs say

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Britain’s decision to leave the EU has posed a daunting list of questions to the energy sector

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Commonwealth to 'pursue' 1.5C Paris goal

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According to the report, the UK should transition to Full Fibre-to-the-Home (FFTH) infrastructure, which is less carbon intensive across a lifecycle analysis

UK's copper infrastructure puts technology expansion at odds with climate goals

The exponential growth of smart, connected systems in the UK could restrict national efforts to lower emissions, due to a reliance on a copper-based digital infrastructure that has reached its "physical and technological limits", a new Carbon Smart report has found.

Developed with assistance from the Carbon Trust, the emissions targets are aligned to the goals of the Paris Agreement

Whitbread sets science-based target to halve emissions intensity

The UK's largest hospitality company Whitbread, has pledged to halve emissions in the next seven years as part of an "industry-leading" science-based target.

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Pieters call for collaboration is built on the efforts that Mondelez has put in place to attempt to boost the prosperity of its suppliers

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A new £1bn ultra-sustainable community in Cambridge and Patagonia's new climate activism film are the topics of discussion

Sustainable Business Covered podcast: The £1bn eco-community and Patagonia's climate action movie

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Under the global Paris agreement, countries have committed to curbing temperature rises to “well below” 2C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to keep them to 1.5C

UK to review climate target raising hopes of a zero emissions pledge

The UK is to review its long-term target to cut climate emissions as part of global efforts to curb rising temperatures, the government has announced.

Response to the announcement has been largely negative

BP's low-carbon strategy comes under fire

BP's new sustainability strategy to level-out increases to emissions during a period of business growth has been labelled as "too small" an effort to reduce the company's exposure to climate risk.

More than 370 businesses have joined the Science Based Targets initiative since its launch in 2015

More than 100 corporates have science-based targets approved

L'Oréal and Electrolux are among the latest businesses to have their emission reduction goals approved by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi).

London Stock Exchange Group sustainability manager Sara Lovisolo says the technical work behind the opportunities offered by climate action is weaker than measuring mitigation

Climate change mitigation should be viewed as business opportunity, says London Stock Exchange

Businesses and investors should focus more on measuring and reporting the positive impacts of sustainability efforts rather than purely analysing the risks posed by climate change, according to the sustainability manager of the London Stock Exchange Group.

CDP acknowledges that cement is a “hard-to-abate” sector because of its high proportion of inherent process emissions and a lack of obvious replacement materials

'Invisible' cement polluters urged to double climate efforts

European producers were singled out among the worst performers in a new environmental ranking of the world's largest publicly-listed cement companies, published on Monday (9 April).

According to a report by the European Parliament, the shipping industry could contribute up to 17% of global CO2 emissions by 2050 if left unregulated

International Maritime Organisation 'too slow' on emissions strategy

The International Maritime Organisation has moved too slowly on drafting its greenhouse gas strategy and reducing emissions from shipping, Transparency International has warned, urging the global shipping regulator to improve its governance, transparency and efficiency.

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Ikea, Unilever and Tesla leading on climate policy, report finds

Tesla, Apple, Ikea and Unilever are amongst the highest-performing companies advocating for strong and ambitious policies that aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, according to a new report from non-profit InfluenceMap.

The newly published guide shows American company Hershey Foods Corporation – commonly called Hershey’s – is leading the ranking of the more sustainable companies in the chocolate industry

Easter sustainability: Chocolate firms urged to become 'good eggs' for green business

Chocolate companies still have "a huge amount of work to do" in implementing truly sustainable policies, with some doing much better than others, the Washington-based NGO Mighty Earth concluded in a consumer guide ranking chocolate producers on their sustainability leadership.

The authors estimate land degradation costs more than 10% of annual global GDP in lost ecosystem services

Land degradation threatens human wellbeing, major report warns

Land degradation is undermining the wellbeing of two-fifths of humanity, raising the risks of migration and conflict, according to the most comprehensive global assessment of the problem to date.

Milikin noted that it was time for the company to “spread its wings” when it came to communicating its work to communities

AB InBev places climate-science into communities with new 2025 goals

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Historic Environment Scotland worked with Royal Household to reduce carbon emissions at the Palace of Holyroodhouse by 40%

UK charities and heritage sites saved £7m through onsite renewables in 2017

More than 100 not-for-profit organisations, including the National Trust, RSPB and Oxfam, have collectively saved almost £7m on energy procurement costs from fossil fuel sources, after generating more than 48GWh on renewable energy to power estates in 2017.

The company had already announced that by 2025, 100% of its guest packaging will come from recycled, renewable or certified sources

McDonald's to reduce emissions by a third under approved science-based targets

McDonald's has become the first global restaurant company to have an emissions reduction target approved by the Science-Based Target Initiative (SBTI), as the fast food giant outlines plans to reduce carbon emissions by 150 million tonnes.

Companies in the UK are among the global leaders in disclosing information on climate risks, according to CDP’s report

CDP: Gap between corporate awareness and action on climate risks

New research from non-profit CDP has revealed a disconnect in the business sphere between awareness of climate risks and actions to tackle them.

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The Commission will also present in May a draft law to clarify the investors’ duties in regards to their advice and responsibilities on sustainable products

European Union unveils green investment action plan

The European Commission unveiled on Thursday (8 March) its highly expected action plan on sustainable finance, aiming to clarify what can be labelled as "green" investment and potentially lowering capital requirements on asset holders.

Private investors will be exposed to 88% of the spending on unnecessary fossil fuel projects under this prediction

Climate policies place $1.6trn fossil fuel costs at risk, report warns

Fossil fuel companies are exposed to $1.6trn in potential expenditure by basing business decisions on existing policies rather than international climate goals, while businesses committed to sourcing 100% renewable electricity will require $94bn to reach their goals.

Bloomberg said he hoped that Trump would change his mind on the Paris Agreement

Michael Bloomberg named as UN climate envoy

American billionaire businessman and politician Michael Bloomberg has been selected as the UN Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Climate Action.

CAN Europe said no single EU country is performing sufficiently well in both ambition and progress towards reducing carbon emissions

EU countries 'off target' on carbon emissions: report

Most European nations are set to miss their carbon reduction pledges made as part of the Paris Agreement, according to a new ranking of "good", "bad" and "ugly" countries published today (18 June) by Europe's leading NGO coalition on climate change.

MPs are concerned that fiduciary duties are often misinterpreted as efforts to maximise short-term returns

£555bn pension funds questioned over climate risk 'misunderstandings'

Government ministers are concerned about "outright misunderstandings" amongst the UK's top 25 pension funds, with assets under management worth £555bn, relating to failures to account for climate-related risk.

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Bob Dudley, group chief executive of BP, said his company and the wider world must deliver a “far more decisive break from the past”

BP Energy Outlook: Renewables will grow five-fold by 2040

Renewable energy sources and electric vehicles are expected to be some of the biggest forces shaping the global energy transition up to 2040, according to an annual report from BP.

The facility will be invested gradually over the next three years

ING and European Investment Bank invest €300m to finance green shipping

Dutch bank ING and the European Investment Bank (EIB) have teamed up to create a new €300m facility to support green investments in the shipping sector.

Oil taxes predictably emerged as the most substantially used financial tool, as they topped €50 per tCO2 on average

OECD urges countries to tax dirty energy

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has encouraged governments to start taxing CO2 emissions more aggressively, in a new report which warns that current taxation levels are not enough to fight climate change effectively.

Water bills on the archipelago have surged recently due to more frequent droughts and storms, while warming waters have brought seasonal jellyfish plagues and degraded marine ecosystems

Balearics launch pioneering plan to phase out emissions

The Balearic islands' government has launched a pioneering plan to phase out greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, potentially setting itself on a collision course with the Spanish government.

Investors are calling on global banks to disclose their climate-risk in line with the Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) framework

Banking sector's 'skin deep' commitment to green finance threatens 2C future

The shortcomings of global banks on climate action could undermine efforts to achieve a 2C world, according to a damning report backed by more than 100 investors worth almost $2trn in assets.

Legal and General said divestment is a

Legal and General divests from climate change 'laggards'

Insurance giant Legal and General Investment Management (LGIM) has committed to divest from a host of companies it believes are showing "persistent inaction" on addressing climate risks, removing the firms from its Future World Fund.

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the livestock sector are estimated to account for 14.5% of the global total

Top investors call on global food brands to make plant-based shift

An investor-led coalition worth $2.4trn has urged the likes of Unilever, Nestlé and Tesco to diversify their protein sourcing away from a reliance on animal proteins.

Patagonia and its business programme ‘1% for the Planet’ has raised nearly $90m for environmental organisations worldwide

Patagonia's new digital platform connects environmental activism community

American clothing firm Patagonia has launched a new digital platform which connects customers with local environmental groups to encourage grassroots activism.

More than 60 UK universities have now divested from fossil fuels, but Edinburgh’s £1bn fund is the largest to completely remove ties to fossil fuel holdings

Edinburgh and SOAS fulfil university divestment pledges

SOAS University of London has fulfilled a pledge to divest from fossil fuels within three years, in the same week that the University of Edinburgh became the largest university endowment fund to completely to divest away from coal, oil and gas.

Last year, Ørsted completely divested its upstream oil and gas business, as part of the pledge to phase-out coal from its heat and power generation by 2023

Ørsted chief calls for 'high pace' climate and SDG action

Danish energy giant Ørsted's chief executive has highlighted the severe threats of climate change and the unique opportunities of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the company's latest sustainability report, which outlined the company's transition away from fossil fuels.

Last year, most of the green bond issuance (around $60bn) came from Europe

Expert group recommends setting up European standards for 'green bonds'

An EU sustainability taxonomy, a definition of priority investment areas, the clarification of investor duties and development of "official" European sustainability standards for green bonds are some of the recommendations experts made to the European Commission on Wednesday (31 January).

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Insurance companies are mindful of the danger that they could suffer a huge loss if their investments in fossil fuel companies were rendered worthless by action on climate change

Lloyd's of London to divest from coal over climate change

Lloyd's of London, the world's oldest insurance market, has become the latest financial firm to announce that it plans to stop investing in coal companies.

Launched under the job-posting, “the best job for the world. Probably”, the community roles will target climate change mitigation and water scarcity solutions

'Probably the best job for the world': Carlsberg launches young scientists community

Global brewer Carlsberg is seeking to create a community of young scientists to develop new projects and set industry standards for science-based and sustainability-driven research that will help the company deliver its CSR strategy.

The Sustainability Leaders Forum will be serving delegates a variety of organic, meat-free dishes across the two days

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The announcements marks a big step towards Volvo’s vision of having climate-neutral global manufacturing operations by 2025. Photo: Volvo

Swedish engine plant becomes Volvo's first 'climate-neutral' site

Car giant Volvo's engine factory in Sweden has become the firm's first "climate-neutral" manufacturing plant after switching to renewable heating.

Rising populations and increased wealth in non-OECD nations will drive energy demand, which will offset emission reductions

Report: Global emissions to plateau in 2030, but Paris goals out of reach

New insight from business advisors McKinsey Energy Insights has suggested that "major shifts" in the energy landscape driven by renewables and electric vehicles (EVs) will see global emissions plateau in 2030, but progress is nowhere near close to the 2 degrees Paris Agreement target.

The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) insists that new policies will be required to close the remaining “emissions gap”

Clean Growth Strategy 'not enough' to meet UK's carbon targets, climate advisers warn

Urgent action is needed to flesh out current plans in the Clean Growth Strategy in order to meet the UK's fourth and fifth carbon budgets, the Government's climate change watchdog has cautioned.

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25-year Environment Plan: Green business reaction

The Government has set out how it intends to enhance the UK's environment by creating richer habitats for wildlife, improving air and water quality and "curbing the scourge of plastic" in the world's oceans. But how have members of the green community reacted?

The 25-year Environment Plan includes pledges to eliminate avoidable waste and introduce new safeguards for wildlife

25-year Environment Plan: UK unveils long-term strategy for 'greener future'

Theresa May has today outlined a vision for a "cleaner, greener Britain", unveiling the long-awaited 25-year Environment Plan which pledges to eliminate all "avoidable" plastic waste by the end of 2042.

This should be a year to remember for the green economy, for all the right reasons

Five reasons to be cheerful about the green economy in 2018

From heightened corporate investment in clean energy sources, to an accelerated shift towards resource efficiency and new environmental legislation, we look at some of the major reasons to be optimistic about the outlook of the green economy in 2018.

A senior official said on Sunday the main difference between the Trump NSS and its predecessors was a new emphasis on border security and economic issues

Trump will drop climate change from US National Security Strategy

The Trump administration will drop climate change from a list of global threats in a new National Security Strategy the president is due to unveil on Monday.

Philippe Joubert said the Climate Group’s RE100 is a prime example of how green policies can support enabling frameworks to inspire corporate action

Philippe Joubert: Policy frameworks will define climate action in 2018

The concept that markets can direct themselves without government guidance is a "fallacy" and policymakers must create the regulatory frameworks that enable businesses to thrive on a low-carbon pathway in 2018.

The bank worked with ESG research providers Sustainalytics to create the framework

Barclays updates green bonds to capture 'compelling' economic opportunity

Barclays has signified its shift towards a low-carbon economy, by announcing a set of green finance products that will help promote sustainability in the UK and across the globe.

Commercial banks are also igniting signals that funding for fossil fuels with soon be a thing of the past

World Bank, major businesses and nations unite against coal funding

The One Planet Summit in Paris has signalled the beginning of the end for the coal industry, after the World Bank, numerous financial institutions and a group of nations and major businesses all pledged to phase out fossil fuel funding and use.

The One Planet Summit is being hosted at La Seine Musicale in Paris

EU announces €9bn in funding for climate action

The European commission has announced funding of €9bn (£8bn) for action on climate change, one of a flurry of measures from governments, businesses and investors aimed at achieving the goals of the 2015 Paris agreement.

The white paper suggests that companies implement an internal “shadow price” – similar to an internal price on carbon - to account for future costs of meat

Meat tax 'increasingly probable' to help combat climate change

Investors have claimed that the implementation of the Paris Agreement will lead to some governments introducing a "livestock levy" that cuts meat consumption from diets, in a move than could avoid up to $600bn in climate damages by 2050.

Companies can be removed from the list if they have made significant improvements

Climate Action 100+: New investor initiative targets top 100 corporate emitters

More than 200 of the most influential investor institutions, with more than $26.3trn in assets under management, have today (12 December) launched a new global initiative to help the 100 largest corporate emitters reduce value chain carbon footprints.

The statement calls on G20 nations to lead the transformation by “initiating and implementing” and “global paradigm shift” on an energy transition

Global companies call on nations to push for 'well-below' 2C Paris target

More than 50 global companies including Unilever, M&S and Adidas have called on nations meeting in Paris to discuss climate progress, to phase-out fossil fuel subsidies by 2025 and create the framework to limit global warming increases to well below 2C.

The PCPF publicised 20% of its holdings for the first time in May 2017. In 2016, the PCPF invested £5.56m into BP and £4.9m into Shell

Corbyn backs MP pension divestment as business leaders call for improved climate disclosure

A group of 100 MPS, including Labour's Jeremy Corbyn and the the Green Party's Caroline Lucas, have called for a £612m pension fund to divest from fossil fuels, while leading chief financial officers have endorsed the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures.

The three-year development represents a £90m investment from AccorHotels, and the building was delivered on time and to budget

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While the UK banks have performed poorly in the rankings, they are still making efforts to capture green markets

UK banking performance at odds with Government's green finance leadership ambitions

The UK Government's ambition to promote the UK as a global leader of green finance post-Brexit is already at risk, with a new report finding that French banks have shown "marked leadership in green banking" because of innovative new legislation.

The Blue Planet 2 team found plastic everywhere they filmed

Oceans under greatest threat in history, warns Sir David Attenborough

The world's oceans are under the greatest threat in history, according to Sir David Attenborough. The seas are a vital part of the global ecosystem, leaving the future of all life on Earth dependent on humanity's actions, he says.

Earlier this year, VF announced that its brands, which includes footwear giant Vans, would no longer use fur, angora or exotic leather

Timberland and Vans owner VF signs up to fur free coalition

The owner of Timberland and The North Face has joined a coalition of retailers which have committed to use fur free products.

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Three-quarters of the world’s mega cities are coastal, creating considerable risk and impact on water systems

Global support group launched to ease water pressures related to urbanisation

The United Nations has convened a host of organisations including the World Water Council (WWC) and the Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI) to create frameworks that enable cities to overcome political, financial, technological and behavioural barriers associated with water.

Wylie noted that the SDGs provided a

How the SDGs can create a framework to fix a 'broken' agriculture sector

Businesses must collaborate to create global platforms that can fix a "completely broken" agriculture system in a way that improves land management and farming practices that can drag smallholders out of poverty.

Developed countries had pledged to raise $100 billion each year in climate finance for developing countries by 2020. However, as of September 2017, governments had pledged $10.3 billion

Climate finance, the sticking point in COP23

Rich countries had pledged to raise $100 billion each year in climate finance for developing countries by 2020. As of September 2017, they had pledged just $10.3 billion. And the question of who should pay remains unanswered.

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What went on in Bonn: COP23 week two round-up

The second week of climate talks in Bonn came to a conclusion today (17 November), following a raft of new global alliances and climate pledges building momentum for the transition to a low-carbon future.

The alliance will work by encouraging new commitments and using financing and shared technology and best practice to encourage others to phase out “unabated coal”

'Political watershed' as 19 countries pledge to phase out coal

A new alliance of 19 nations committed to quickly phasing out coal has been launched at the UN climate summit in Bonn, Germany. It was greeted as a "political watershed", signalling the end of the dirtiest fossil fuel that currently provides 40% of global electricity.

Defra claims that ratification of the Montreal Protocol will result in a reduction equivalent to around 44 million tonnes of carbon dioxide in the UK alone

UK ratifies the Kigali amendment on HFCs

The UK has become one of the first nations to ratify the landmark Kigali Agreement to phase down harmful hydrofluorocarbon greenhouse gases (HFCs) commonly found in appliances such as air conditioning units and refrigerators.