Conference of the Parties (COP)

DEFINITION: The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s (UNFCC) supreme decision-making body. Made up of all “States Parties”, it meets every year in a global session where decisions are made to meet goals for combating climate change. Decisions can only be made unanimously by the States Parties or by consensus.

Related items

The situation is balanced on a knife edge. We must come up with clear action plans and turn top-line guidance into a real framework for collective action

Climate action in a post-Trump world: game over or business as usual?

As part of edie's Sustainability Leadership Month of editorial content, Grosvenor's group sustainability director Kate Brown has penned this exclusive opinion piece, explaining the need for businesses to develop clear action plans and drive forward with sustainability leadership, regardless of the turbulent political backdrop.

Against the backdrop of the COP22 in Marrakesh, businesses have united for the first time to support recommendations on the forthcoming European package

Private sector pushes for better EU renewable energy legislation

After leaked documents revealing renewable energy will no longer be a top priority in the EU's new winter package, major corporations including Google, Unilever and IKEA have backed a call for improvements to the forthcoming package.

COP22 proved that governments and responsible businesses across the world stand ready, willing and able to deliver bold climate action

An unstoppable force: Seven things we learned from the COP22 climate talks

As political and business leaders board flights home from Marrakesh after two weeks of proactive discussions, edie looks back at some of the highlights of the UN's COP22 climate talks.

Was COP22 the success everyone had been hoping for, or did Trump's Presidential triumph stall proceedings? (Photo: UNclimatechange/Flickr)

The Sustainable Business Covered podcast: Episode 15 - Fresh from Marrakesh

The Carbon Trust's chief executive Tom Delay and Asia Pulp & Paper's director of sustainability Aida Greenbury are the special guests on this week's podcast episode, which reviews the the UN's two-week COP22 climate talks in Marrakesh.

The UK has agreed to a national climate action plan based largely on the country's Climate Change Act, which commits to an 80% reduction in emissions against 1990 levels by 2050

It's official: The UK has ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change

BREAKING: Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Boris Johnson has today (17 November) put pen to paper and officially ratified the Paris Agreement on behalf of the UK, joining more than 100 nations that have now approved the historic climate deal.

John Kerry told Marrakech delegates that the low-carbon transition would be dictated by market forces, rather than policy. Photo: UNFCCflickr

US submits long-term climate strategy to United Nations

The US has presented a long-term strategy for ambitious emissions reductions in the face of domestic political uncertainty, after Secretary of State John Kerry delivered a rousing speech to delegates in Marrakesh to assert that US climate commitments will not be reversed.

Dalmia Cement joined Swiss Re in becoming the first companies to become members of both the RE100 and EP100 campaigns. Photo: UNClimateChange/flickr

COP22: Major firms lead low-carbon energy drive

The first week of COP22 in Marrakech rounded-off on energy day, with a range of companies demonstrating their commitment to a low-carbon future with pledges to source 100% renewable energy.

President-elect Donald Trump has previously vowed to cancel the Paris Agreement, although it would likely take four years for the US to officially withdraw

Business giants call on US to support the Paris Agreement

Despite president-elect Donald Trump's plans to pull out of the Paris Agreement, more than 360 US-based businesses and investors, including Ikea, Unilever, Mars and Nike, have reaffirmed their commitment to supporting the historic deal and the need to accelerate the low-carbon transition.

King Mohammed VI delivers Royal Speech at the 22nd Conference of the Parties - credit COP22

COP22 update: Delegates drive on with climate action amidst Trump trepidations

As reports about US President-Elect Donald Trump's determination to walk away from the Paris Agreement emerge, delegates at COP22 in Marrakesh have forged ahead with ambitious new climate frameworks and bold pledges aimed at accelerating the global low-carbon transition.

The report arrives as ministers and delegates enter the second week of discussions at the COP22 climate change conference in Marrakech. Photo: UNClimateChange/flickr

Global emissions flatline for third consecutive year

A new report has today (14 November) revealed that global carbon emissions growth stalled for the third year in a row, but concerns remain that reduction efforts are inadequate to meet the global warming target of "well below 2C".

edie has spoken to an array of green business professionals to find out what they want from COP22

COP22: Seven green business wishes for the Marrakesh climate talks

edie hears sustainability professionals, businessmen and environmental activists to round-up exactly what the green economy wants to see from the 22nd Conference of Parties (COP22) climate change talks in Marrakesh, Morocco.

COP22 also dedicated time to prioritising climate justice. Coupling up with the water agenda, the topic of climate justice led to the introduction of the “Water for Africa” initiative

COP22: Water and climate justice share the spotlight with Trump

Wednesday was water day at COP22 in Marrakesh, and while the mood in Morocco was one of "sink or swim" in regards to an unprecedented US election, business took to the stage to call on governments to introduce a "speedy implementation" of the Paris Agreement.

The COP22 event kicked off just three days after the Paris Agreement officially entered into force

COP22: The first 48 hours

The COP22 climate conference kicked off in the Moroccan capital of Marrakesh on Monday (7 November), with several opening discussions and programme launches emphasising the crucial role of business in delivering a low-carbon economy.

edie relives Obama's greatest environmental accomplishments as he reaches the end of his two-term reign as US President

Yes we did: A complete timeline of Barack Obama's climate legacy

As Barack Obama waves goodbye to eight years in the White House, edie takes a stroll down memory lane to round-up all of the landmark pledges and announcements made by the outgoing US President who strove to leave a safer environment for future generations.

The UK’s pledge to ratify the Paris Agreement on climate change is expected to be followed by a slew of similar ratification commitments from other nations this week

The Paris effect: Are businesses ready for a new climate reality?

As the UK joins a growing list of nations pledging to ratify the Paris Agreement on climate change, a new report released today (21 September) reveals that more than 600 big businesses - worth $12tn - have already started to factor in the profound impacts the deal could have on their operations.

May’s announcement is expected to be followed by a raft of ratification announcements, with up to 20 countries ratifying the deal on Wednesday (21 September)

UK to ratify the Paris Agreement this year, says Theresa May

UK Prime Minister Theresa May has vowed that the UK will have officially ratified the Paris Agreement by the end of 2016, although it is believed the ratification process could be finalised within a matter of weeks.

With United Nations heavyweights calling for the Paris Agreement to be delivered by the end of 2016, countries need to start practicing what they preach

From the US to the Marshall Islands: Global climate action is on the march

COP21's frantic, last-minute climate deal bookmarked a new era for global sustainability, and as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) evolve into tangible action, edie looks at six recent instances where national action is speaking louder than words.

edie has heard from more than a dozen leading environmental figures who have exclusively revealed their biggest green policy hopes and expectations for the next few months

What we want from BEIS: a wishlist for the green economy - Part one

EXCLUSIVE: In the first of a two-part feature, edie speaks to the sustainability professionals, politicians, businessmen and environmental activists working across the green economy to find out they want to see from the Government in this new Parliamentary session.

In order for the Paris Agreement to come into force, the deal needs to be officially ratified by at least 55 countries, representing 55% of global carbon emissions

Pressure mounts on UK to 'work with Europe' and ratify Paris deal

The Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) has revealed that it will seek to ratifying the Paris Agreement "as soon as possible", after both the Liberal Democrats and Labour urged the Government to ratify the deal..

The InfluenceMap research was debated at an event hosted by the Carbon Market Watch earlier this week in Brussels

Is the cement industry undermining the Emissions Trading System?

Research by UK-based non-profit InfluenceMap has found that, despite the European cement industry seeming to embrace the Paris Agreement on climate change, many companies within the sector continue to oppose ambitious science-based climate policy.

One year on from COP21, host nation France is keen to lead the climate movement and has introduced measures to ensure that it leaves a lasting green legacy

From green bonds to solar roads: France's low-carbon revolution is taking shape

History was made in France a little over a year ago when national delegates from across the world agreed on a landmark climate deal. With the Paris Agreement now ratified, the host nation is introducing a plethora of fresh green legislation aimed at transforming the way it interacts with the environment.