Fossil fuels

DEFINITION: A natural fuel such as coal or gas that were formed from the remains of living organisms millions of years ago. Fossil fuels are non-renewable energy resources which are harmful for the environment because they release carbon dioxide when they burn.

See also: Greenhouse gas

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The two firms are two of the largest emitters globally

US clears Exxon and Chevron to dismiss shareholder climate reporting requests

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has approved requests from both Exxon and Chevron to reject shareholder proposals that have called on the oil and gas giants to report on how the companies are addressing climate change by aligning to the Paris Agreement.

The supply chain can account for more than 90% of a company's environmental footprint

Scope 3 and the supply chain: How businesses are taking sustainability leadership to a new frontier

Not too long ago, sustainable leadership was defined by those 'getting their own house in order' through emissions reductions, but as the pace required to reduce emissions grows, so too does the efforts from businesses to assist the supply chain in decarbonising. Here, edie looks at some of the transformational ways businesses are engaging with suppliers.

Credit Suisse's previous sustainable finance mechanisms have been tailored towards the Sustainable Development Goals

Credit Suisse cuts fossil fuel lending as part of £250bn green finance promise

Swiss investment bank Credit Suisse has unveiled plans to provide more than £250bn in financing geared towards green bonds and the low-carbon economy over the next decade, as well as pledging to limit financing to the oil and gas sector.

Onshore and offshore wind each accounted for 10% of total domestic generation, the figures show. Pictured: Scout Moor wind farm

UK broke renewable energy generation record in 2019, latest BEIS figures show

The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) has published its latest annual energy statistics, revealing that a record 37.1% of the electricity generated in the UK in 2019 was renewable.

Nest has more than nine million members

UK's largest pension scheme charts pathway to net-zero

The Government-backed National Employment Savings Trust (Nest) scheme is set to begin divesting from fossil fuel projects immediately, as part of a new roadmap designed to ensure its operations are aligned with the UK's net-zero target.

The largest contributor to unconditional fossil fuel financing is the US

G20 nations funnel $151bn of Covid-19 recovery funding into fossil fuels

Of the Covid-19 recovery funding allocated to energy companies by G20 governments, 56% has been handed to fossil fuel projects, equivalent to $151bn (£119bn).

The fossil fuel lobby has been the most active of any sector since March

Report: Governments are bowing to fossil fuel lobbying in Covid-19 recovery planning

Almost two-thirds of the interventions which fossil fuel lobbyists made in policymaking between March and June were successful, new analysis has revealed.

Of the collective electricity generation capacity if the cohort, 60% is attributable to fossil fuel assets. Image: WBA

WBA: Less than 10% of electric utilities are taking Paris-Agreement-aligned climate action

Analysis of the decarbonisation ambitions and actions of 50 of the world's largest electric utilities companies has revealed that less than one in ten have fully aligned their business models with the Paris Agreement, despite the fact that the sector must 'enable' the global low-carbon transition.

The oil & gas sector is among the worst-affected by the impacts of Covid-19. Image: Royal Dutch Shell

Shell predicts $22bn hit for oil and gas assets as BP sells petrochemicals arm

Shell has unveiled plans to underwrite the value of its oil and gas portfolio by up to $22bn (£17.7bn) due to the energy demand slump caused by Covid-19, in the same week that BP has struck a $5bn (£4bn) deal to sell off its petrochemicals business.

The company has also committed to sourcing 100% renewable electricity 

Barratt Developments sets net-zero target for 2040

The UK's largest housebuilder, Barratt Developments, has built on recently announced science-based targets by committing to achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2040.

The roadmap details a mix of solutions, including electrification, energy efficiency, reducing flaring and offsetting

UK's offshore oil and gas industry vows to halve operational emissions by 2030

The industry body for offshore oil and gas in the UK has published plans for halving emissions from production and exploration within a decade, but green groups say there must also be stronger accountability for indirect emissions.

Pictured: One of BP's ofshore platforms in Trinidad & Tobego. Image: BP

BP forecasts $17.5bn assets hit, accelerates strategy restructure to prioritise renewables

BP is preparing to reduce the value of its assets by between $13bn (£10.4bn) and $17.5bn (£14bn) over the next three months and says the impacts of the Covid-19 will spur its transition to low-carbon energy.

Under Theresa May, the Government broadly rejected recommendations from MPs for decarbonising the UKEF portfolio.

UK Government mulling ban on overseas fossil fuel financing, reports

Ministers are reportedly considering moves to ban the UK Government's direct lending facility from financing any new or existing fossil fuel projects overseas, following a series of high-profile exposés.

Pictured: The Cottam coal power station, which closed permanently in October 2019. Image: EDF

Britain goes 60 days without coal-fired power generation

As of midnight today (10 June), Britain has had no coal-fired power generation on its grid for a full two months - the longest period since the Industrial Revolution.

Solar panel installation, Tetra Pak site. Image: Tetra Pak

Tetra Pak targets net-zero value chain by 2050

Packaging firm Tetra Pak has today (11 June) committed to reaching net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across its operations by 2030, with a longer-term target to achieve a net-zero emissions value chain by 2050.

Heat accounts for more than a third of the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions

Heat Networks Industry Council set up to spur zero-carbon networks and job growth

Organisations overseeing the UK's heat networks and industry have created a new Council that will oversee plans to drive up to £50bn in investment into the sector to create 35,000 new jobs and deliver zero-carbon heat networks.

Carbon Tracker warns that any oil or gas producers attempting to revert to “business as usual” could be risking in excess of $100trn in potential profits

Fossil fuel profits set to collapse by two-thirds

The global market value of fossil fuels is set to collapse by almost two-thirds, creating heightened economic risk for companies, financial markets and countries failing to embrace new low-carbon technology.

The built environment accounts for nearly 40% of global emissions

Number of organisations committed to net-zero buildings doubles in one year

The number of companies, cities, states and regions committed to delivering zero-carbon buildings has more than doubled in year, according to new findings from the World Green Building Council (WorldGBC) that confirms that 95 signatories are working towards its Net-Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment.

The decision was agreed following consultation with 600 people, including staff members, students and alumni

University of Manchester targets net-zero investment portfolio

The University of Manchester has announced a new commitment to end investments into fossil fuel projects and organisations by 2022, in line to creating a net-zero investment portfolio by 2038 at the latest.

Glasgow was announced as the host city for COP26

Boris Johnson confirms new COP26 date, urges nations to focus on green recoveries

Prime Minister Boris Johnson has reiterated a desire for the UK to deliver a "sustainable" recovery from the coronavirus pandemic in a way that brings together key international nations to reach the ambitions of the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The report estimates that lower prices, falling energy demand and increased cases of non-payments of bills will set energy revenues falling by more than $1trn in 2020

IEA: Coronavirus to cause largest ever drop in global energy investment

The world is on course to witness the largest ever drop in investment in global energy, with the coronavirus pandemic set to restrict spending across renewables, gas, fossil fuels and cleantech.

Glasgow was announced as the host city for COP26

Reports: COP26 to be delayed until November 2021

Reports have emerged that the UK Government has put forward the first two weeks of November 2021 as new proposed dates for the crucial COP26 climate conference, citing concerns over the state of international travel safety due to the coronavirus.

Ofgem is due to make a decision on gas network investment in July.

UK's gas networks call for £900m investment into zero-carbon infrastructure

Britain's five gas networks companies have today outlined plans to spend more than £900m on zero-carbon energy infrastructure and hydrogen deployment across the UK, subject to Government approval on funding.

The partners hope the project can be replicated internationally

Copenhagen Airport spearheads green hydrogen project for transport fuel

Renewable energy company Ørsted and Copenhagen Airport are amongst the consortium of businesses aiming to develop a hydrogen and sustainable transport fuel facility in the heart of the Danish capital.

The health organisations are the latest to call for a green recovery

World health groups call for green coronavirus recovery

A coalition of global healthcare organisations, backed by more than 40 million healthcare professionals, have coordinated a written plea to governments to deliver health-based and climate-focused economic recoveries from the coronavirus pandemic.





Each of these success stories exemplifies how businesses are ramping up ambitions and actions in all areas of sustainable development 

World's largest hydrogen plant and UK's Gigafactory: The sustainability success stories of the week

As part of our Mission Possible campaign, edie brings you this weekly round-up of five of the best sustainability success stories of the week from across the globe.

The UK could become a world leader for green hydrogen, as it could become cost competitive much faster, due to enabling policies and low-cost and highly abundant renewable

Report: Renewables to account for three-quarters of UK's power demand by 2050

The UK could source 76% of its power demand from renewables by 2050, according to a new report from RenewableUK which claims that the nation's net-zero target will spur rapid demand for green hydrogen while attracting more than £50bn to an already world-leading offshore wind sector.

The document outlines sweeping green policy changes across energy, buildings and transport

Europe's draft 'green recovery' plan leaked

The European Commission's promised green recovery plan will focus on building renovation, renewables and hydrogen as well as clean mobility and the circular economy, according to a leaked working document obtained by EURACTIV.

The pricing of an $800m revolving credit facility, which was extended last month, has been linked to its waste, water and carbon targets

Tate & Lyle to cut emissions by 30% by 2030

Food and drink ingredient supplier Tate & Lyle has published a new set of environmental targets, pledging to reduce operational emissions by 30% by 2030 and a 15% reduction in value chain emissions.

The coalition of companies aims to begin construction in 2022, subject to additional funding, and the facility could be operational by 2025

Planning application for UK's first waste-to-jet fuel plant given green light

A planning application backed by Shell and British Airways to create the UK's first commercial-scale waste-to-jet fuel plant in North East Lincolnshire has been granted planning permission.

The empty streets of Paris as a result of the lockdown, which is only starting to be lifted in the country

Lockdown sees global emissions fall by 17%

New research has suggested that daily global carbon emissions recorded in April 2020 were 17% lower compared to the same month last year, largely due to the coronavirus pandemic and forced lockdowns and postponement in production.

The call from the SBTi comes as politicians prepare to outline economy recovery packages to respond to the economic damage caused by the coronavirus pandemic

Business giants call for science-based green economic recovery

More than 150 business giants, including Carlsberg, H&M and Pernod Ricard, with a combined market capitalisation of more than $2.4trn, have signed a joint statement calling on all governments to align coronavirus economic responses to climate science.

Both internally and externally the tools are being developed and a movement is emerging to kickstart a new era of sustainable business.

Chief value officers and ESG investors: What could green finance look like in the new normal?

Whatever the new normal looks like once nations have battled their way through the coronavirus, the recent rhetoric around green finance suggests that both internally externally, the value of sustainability to a business is set to grow.

During the last 10 years, the firm has reduced the absolute carbon emissions associated with its energy use by 63%

Law firm Slaughter and May's carbon goals approved by SBTi

Legal giant Slaughter and May has confirmed that a goal to reduce emissions by 50% by 2030 has been approved by the Science Based Target initiative (SBTi) as aligned to the 1.5C ambition of the Paris Agreement.

One key recommendation is the inclusion of “climate conditionalities” into stimulus packages that enable different-sized corporates to recovery through sustainable actions

Business leaders call for recovery packages to be tied to net-zero corporate targets

The chief executives from 40 global organisations including BP, Heathrow Airport, Shell and HSBC, have called on governments to focus economic recovery packages in ways that enable sectors and businesses to transition to low-carbon and resilient models of operation.

The disclosure digest - Five steps to align sustainability with investor needs

This report is based on a session of discussions and co- creation hosted in association with edie’s 2020 Sustainability Leaders Forum. The half-day event took place on 3 February in London and saw sustainability managers from a wide range of businesses take part in collaborative roundtables. During the discussions, sustainability managers outlined key challenges and discussed the exciting new opportunities in the areas that mattered the most.

edie Explains: Net-zero carbon business

What is 'net-zero' in the context of business emissions? Which organisations are most suited to adopting net-zero carbon strategies? And, what is the impact of the coronavirus on the net-zero movement?

The decision was agreed by numerous stakeholders, including the Student Union and the OUem

Oxford University to divest from fossil fuels and align to net-zero strategies

Oxford University has announced that is divesting its remaining investments away from fossil fuel companies and how its fund management service can engage with organisations that showcase net-zero business plans.

The NGOs expressed concern that no insurer has a commitment to only support projects which are consistent with the needs of a 1.5C transition

NGOs call on investors to respond to coronavirus pandemic through net-zero transition packages

A collection of NGOs have written to some of the world's largest insurers, calling on them to address economic responses to the coronavirus outbreak in ways that are aligned with the urgent need to combat the climate crisis and steer the global economy towards a net-zero future.

The 11th Petersberg Climate Dialogue reiterated the need for climate action during the pandemic

Messages of hope: How world leaders are rallying for a green Covid-19 recovery

The two-day Petersberg Climate Dialogue finished yesterday evening, with ministerial leaders from the UK, Germany, the EU and the UN all delivering rallying cries for nations to focus on climate mitigation as part of any efforts to stimulate the economic downturned caused by the coronavirus outbreak.

The report states that the global transition would impact every economy, while severely changing business models and societal habits

McKinsey: Reaching 1.5C a ‘daunting’ and unparalleled transition for all sectors

The global transition to limiting global temperature increases to 1.5C by 2050 has been labelled as a "daunting task", that would require unprecedented levels of decarbonisation for key sectors, with the world currently on course to exceed its carbon budget by 2031.

The 65% target proposal is unlikely to garner support from a majority in the European Parliament

EU lawmaker puts 65% emissions cut on the table

The European Parliament is gearing up for tough talks on the EU's climate target for 2030, with a 65% emissions cut now firmly on the table.

Planet Tracker is calling on food firms to report FLW by volume in annual reports from 2021 and then commit to accounting for FLW-based scope 3 emissions from 2022

Food retailers urged to disclose emissions from food loss and waste

A new report from thinktank Planet Tracker has called upon food retailers to start tracking and disclosing the greenhouse gas emissions associated with food wasted between farm and fork.

40% of banks are failing to develop financing and investing restrictions or exclusions on high-carbon portfolios

Barclays and HSBC blasted over £158bn fossil fuel financing

Banking giants Barclays and HSBC have been accused of financing a combined £158bn into the fossil fuel sector since the signing of the Paris Agreement in 2015, despite both organisations pledging to ramp up sustainable investment portfolios.

Jacobs' climate action plan has outlined steps to set science-based targets

Jacobs and CMS UK unveil net-zero targets

Engineering firm Jacobs has unveiled a new climate action plan that commits the company to reach net-zero emissions across operations and business travel by the end of the year, while UK law firm CMS has set a net-zero target for 2025, backed by science-based targets.

EasyJet, which has secured a £600m emergency loan from the UK government, emitted 4.1% more CO2 in 2019 than in 2018

Coronavirus: Airlines seek €12.8bn in bailouts without environmental conditions attached

Airlines in Europe have applied for €12.8bn (£11.3bn) government support since the start of the coronavirus pandemic with no binding environmental conditions attached, according to an analysis of the sector's bailout pleas.

Mighty Earth does note that some Governments and businesses are continuing to prioritise climate action as part of a stimulus response to the coronavirus

Airlines, automakers and fossil fuel firms blasted as 'coronavirus climate profiteers'

A new report has blasted the lobbying efforts of the airline, automaker, fossil fuel and logging industries, claiming that organisations are attempting to benefit from billion-pound bailouts in response to the coronavirus that enables them to carry on with climate-wrecking business practices.

The ENA has convened the UK’s leading gas operators such as Cadent, Northern Gas Networks, and National Grid to work on a project aiming to deliver the world’s first zero-carbon gas grid

Net-zero: Is the UK's gas grid ready to go green?

In a week where plans were unveiled for a nationwide roll-out of farming greenhouses heated by wastewater, the UK's major gas operators have teamed up to launch a programme aimed at delivering the world's first zero-carbon gas grid.

The company had recently surpassed its 2020 targets to reduce emissions by 50% against a 2009 baseline and reduce energy use in its buildings on an absolute basis by 50% against a 2013 baseline

Pearson to halve value chain emissions as part of approved science-based target

Learning and education company Pearson has had targets to halve its operational and value chain emissions by 2030 approved by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi).

Climate experts had expected emissions to rise in 2020

Carbon emissions from fossil fuels could fall by 2.5bn tonnes in 2020

Global carbon emissions from the fossil fuel industry could fall by a record 2.5bn tonnes this year, a reduction of 5%, as the coronavirus pandemic triggers the biggest drop in demand for fossil fuels on record.

The thinktank found that 46% of global coal plants will be running at a loss in 2020, rising to 52% by 2030

Nations risking 'uneconomic' coronavirus responses by prioritising coal, report warns

China, the US, India and European nations are at risk of being burdened with uneconomic, long-term plans to stimulate their economies in response to the coronavirus outbreak by focusing on new coal capacity, a new study from Carbon Tracker warns.





Pictured: Cumbria's Walney Extension wind farm, the largest offshore wind array in the world

New renewable energy capacity hit record levels in 2019

Almost three-quarters of new electricity generation capacity built in 2019 uses renewable energy, representing an all-time record. New data from the International Renewable Energy Agency (Irena) shows solar, wind and other green technologies now provide more than one-third of the world's power, marking another record.

Implementing the labelling would require Government intervention, which campaigers are keen to see before COP26 in November

Study: Climate-wrecking products 'should come with smoking-style warnings'

Cigarette packets with grisly warnings of the consequences of smoking are intended to deter smokers. Now a group of public health experts says similar warnings should appear on high-carbon products, from airline tickets and energy bills to petrol pumps, to show consumers the health impacts of the climate crisis.

Due to pressure from MPs and constituents, the pension fund publicised 20% of its holdings for the first time in 2017. Image: UK Parliament

MP's pension fund still investing in fossil fuels

MPs have yet again called for the trustees of the Parliamentary Pension Fund to divest from fossil fuel companies Royal Dutch Shell and BP, having finally integrated investment into renewables into the fund.

Analysis of 35 leading investment banks shows financing of more than $2.66tn for fossil fuel industries since the Paris agreement. Image: Michielderoo/ CC BY 3.0

Global banks 'failing miserably' on climate crisis by funneling trillions into fossil fuels, study finds

The world's largest investment banks have funnelled more than £2.2tn ($2.66tn) into fossil fuels since the Paris agreement, new figures show, prompting warnings they are failing to respond to the climate crisis.

Last October, the Government rejected a string of recommendations from MPs aimed at decarbonising UKEF’s portfolio

UK Export Finance accused of climate 'hypocrisy' over funding

Updated: In the same week that the UK Export Finance’s (UKEF) direct lending facility has allocated more than £2bn for clean growth projects a global NGO has accused the government body of “rank hypocrisy” for breaching OECD guidelines by supporting overseas fossil fuel projects.

TODAY AT 1PM: Join edie's webinar on achieving net-zero

Readers have only a few hours left to register for edie's net-zero webinar, which will outline some of the key elements in the field of setting goals for net-zero carbon and greenhouse gas emissions.

CLG Europe is calling for clarity and direction on a plethora of low-carbon innovations

Corporate leaders want decarbonisation as central focus for Europe's Industrial Strategy

Business giants including Unilever, Interface, and Coca-Cola have called for the new European Industrial Strategy to focus heavily on decarbonisation in a way that sets out clear strategies for investment into low-carbon solutions and provides price incentives for new goods and services.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen (pictured) met with Greta Thunberg today

EU debuts climate law 'compass', Greta dismisses it as 'surrender'

The European Commission officially unveiled its Climate Law on Wednesday (4 March), aimed at making the EU carbon neutral by 2050. But Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg criticised the plan as a "surrender".

The initiative forms part of the GSMA’s climate action roadmap for the industry, which has already seen operators disclose impacts via CDP

Science-based pathway for net-zero emissions established for telecoms sector

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI) and the GSMA have forged a new partnership to develop a sector-specific decarbonisation pathway that will outline how all companies in the mobile sector can set science-based targets.

Green campaigners are seeking to embarass the Bank by highlighting "contradictions" in its climate approach. Image: George Rex, CC BY SA

Bank of England under pressure over board member's oil links

Environmental groups have called into question the Bank of England's commitment to tackling the climate emergency while it retains one of Britain's most senior oil company executives on its governing board.

Nine of the companies have set a 2050 deadline to achieve net-zero, while four set a date of 2025 or 2030

Just one in 10 of world's largest energy firms have net-zero targets, report finds

Just 10% of the world's largest 132 coal, electricity and oil and gas companies have set time-based commitments to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero, with just three companies also pledging to reduce indirect emissions as well.

Sharma has a busy 10 months ahead. Image: Gov.uk

Alok Sharma: What we know about the COP26 President's views on climate change

In an unexpected announcement, Business Secretary Andrea Leadsom has been replaced by International Development Secretary Alok Sharma, who has also been named as COP26 President. Here, edie examines Sharma's track record on climate legislation to date.

Power generation capacity may have to grow by 75% to account for additional demand

Sector coupling: Electrification of transport and buildings could slash emissions by 60%

Mass-Scale electrification of the transport, buildings and industrial sectors could enable Europe to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 60% over the next 30 years, according to a new report published today by research company BloombergNEF (BNEF).

Robinson said that nations couldn't look to make themselves net-zero while continuing to fund polluting projects in developing countries

Mary Robinson: Business and governments must avoid net-zero 'hypocrisy'

EXCLUSIVE: The former president of Ireland Mary Robinson has claimed that net-zero commitments made by governments and corporates must lead to a "just transition" that also combats the "hypocrisy" of ignoring fossil fuel developments further afield.

This round-up documents how businesses and policymakers are driving progress across all areas of sustainable development 

BMJ's divestment campaign and India's net-zero trains: The sustainability success stories of the week

As part of our Mission Possible campaign, edie brings you this weekly round-up of five of the best sustainability success stories of the week from across the globe.

The report by Carbon Tracker, a financial thinktank, warns that sudden changes in policy in the future could halve the value of fossil fuel investments

Change climate policy now to avert oil market crisis, warns thinktank

The oil industry is at risk of a global market shock that could halve the value of fossil fuel investments if governments delay setting policies to tackle the climate crisis, according to new analysis.

A Drax spokeswoman said the company’s ambition was to be removing, not adding carbon to the atmosphere, by 2030

UK sued for approving Europe's biggest gas power station

The UK government is being sued for approving a large new gas-fired power plant, overruling the climate change objections of its own planning authority.

UK charitable foundations provide more than £4bn of funding every year 

Comic Relief among charities pledging to end fossil fuel investments

Comic Relief, Power to Change, and Guy's and St Thomas' Charity are the latest organisations that have committed to end all fossil fuel investment and adopt a new ethical approach to investing, after joining the Funder Commitment on Climate Change.

There are also other environmental impacts to consider beyond carbon impacts

Businesses not examining carbon impact of plastics alternatives, edie survey finds

An edie survey of almost 300 sustainability and resource professionals has found that almost 50% of businesses haven't examined the carbon impact of single-use plastics alternatives, amidst growing calls for businesses to intertwine actions on plastics and climate change.

More than 3,000 business leaders, policymakers, thought leaders and celebrities are due to gather in Switzerland for the Forum this week

World Economic Forum calls on business chiefs to set net-zero targets

All business leaders and companies attending the World Economic Forum in Davos this week have been asked to make public commitments to achieving net-zero emissions by 2050 or earlier.

Beanland said the higher levies imposed on electricity supply vis-a-vis gas also needs to be addressed by policymakers

Government urged to target one million heat pumps a year by 2035

The UK must invest in ground source heat pump infrastructure in the 2020s, just as previous generations ploughed money into the gas and water grid, in order to help kickstart the fledgling sector.

John Dunne, Wates' group health, safety, environment and quality director

Wates Group targets zero waste and carbon by 2025

Private-owned construction firm Wates Group has committed to new goals that target zero waste from all onsite operations and zero carbon emissions from operations and vehicle fleets by 2025.

Pictured: Equinor's Sleipner oil field. Image: Øyvind Gravås and Bo B. Randulff

'Near zero' by 2050: Equinor outlines new long-term emissions targets

Norwegian oil and gas giant Equinor has pledged to bringing the greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint of its onshore plants and offshore fields to "near zero" by 2050.

With a year to go, oil firm’s $2bn investment is well below its own guidance of $4bn-$6bn

Royal Dutch Shell may fail to reach green energy targets

Royal Dutch Shell is at risk of falling short on plans to invest up to $6bn (£4.6bn) in green energy projects between 2016 and the end of 2020, with its slow progress likely to raise concern that oil companies are not moving fast enough to help tackle the climate crisis.

Pictured: The Cottam coal power station, which is set to ceased generation in September 2019. Image: EDF

'Cleanest year on record': Zero-carbon electricity surpassed fossil fuel generation in 2019

During the course of 2019, 48.5% of electricity consumed in Britain was generated through zero-carbon methods such as wind, solar and nuclear - compared to 43% for fossil fuels.

Vote using the function at the bottom of this piece to choose your defining moment of the 2010s

A decade in review: Vote for the defining sustainability moment of the 2010s

As the 2010s draw to a close, edie has analysed the key moments and announcements that push sustainability and climate action from a niche activity to a global necessity. Cast your vote to decide which of the seven moments was most profound.

Pictured: A Portugese offshore wind project jointly financed by Repsol, the EIB and EDP Renewables

Repsol targets net-zero by 2050

Spanish oil and gas giant Repsol has committed to becoming a net-zero emission business by 2050, across its own operations and its indirect impacts.

The 4 big ideas for net-zero carbon strategies

Experts across energy management came together at edie’s SPARK! 2.0 event to discuss the role that strategy could play in the delivery of net-zero carbon targets.

Pictured: The Shotton surface coal mine in Northumberland. Image: Rab Lawrence 

Report: Coal 'becoming uninsurable' as cover withdrawal doubles

The number of insurance firms withdrawing cover for coal companies and assets has more than doubled between 2018 and 2019, a new report has revealed.

Image: Gage Skidmore

Boris Johnson urged to challenge Trump on climate denial

Boris Johnson is being urged by 350 leading climate researchers to robustly challenge Donald Trump on his "dangerous" and "irresponsible" denial of the risks of climate change during the US president's visit to the UK this week.

The thinktank is calling for new measures to reach net-zero at the current 2050 deadline without spiralling costs or harming UK competitiveness

Net-zero by 2025 'practically impossible' due to spiralling costs, report finds

Moving the UK's net-zero emission target forward 25 years is "practically impossible", according to new thinktank research which found that setting a net-zero target for 2025 would cost £200bn each year at a minimum - more than the NHS's annual budget.

Pictured: Lignite-fired power plant in Agios Dimitrios, West Macedonia. Image: Tilemahos Efthimiadis / https://www.flickr.com/photos/telemax/3636859652 

Climate-heating greenhouse gas concentrations hit new high, UN reports

The concentration of climate-heating greenhouse gases hit a record high in 2018, according to a report from the UN's World Meteorological Organization.

Pictured: One of RWE's coal-fired power plants in mainland Europe. Image: Greenpeace

European coal power output sees 'unprecedented' decline

Electricity production from coal is on track to fall by around 3% globally in 2019 - the largest drop on record - with Western European countries leading the charge, according to fresh data published today (25 November).

The report said it was crucial that workers in fossil fuel industries were helped into new employment as production ramped down

Fossil fuel production on track for double the safe climate limit

The world's nations are on track to produce more than twice as much coal, oil and gas as can be burned in 2030 while restricting the rise in the global temperature to 1.5C, analysis shows.

Published last week, the WEO predicts further growth of coal in China, among other nations. Image: Kleineolive/ CC-BY-3.0 

Dozens of investors slam IEA over fossil fuels and renewables projections

Allianz, Zurich Insurance Group and Orsted's pension fund are among 65 finance bodies to have written to the International Energy Agency (IEA), urging to body to hep global energy firms align with the Paris Agreement.

The new policy will cut €2bn (£1.7bn) of yearly investments to fossil fuel projects

European Investment Bank to end financial support for fossil fuels by 2021

The European Investment Bank (EIB) has unveiled a new energy lending policy that will stop all financing for fossil fuel projects at the end of 2021 and unlock €1trn in sustainable development over the next decade.

National Grid has also pledged to spur the reduction of emissions that are outside of its direct control

National Grid commits to net-zero emissions target for 2050

The National Grid has announced a commitment to reduce its direct greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero by 2050, the same timeframe as the UK Government's legislative target.

BCAM is calling for banks to set clear, timebound strategies for restrictions and phase-outs for financing fossil fuels and deforestation

Superficial progress: Global banks failing to deliver time-bound climate strategies

A new report has accused the banking sector of superficial progress when it comes to climate commitments, noting that uptake in low-carbon services, green bonds and reporting standards isn't being matched by demands to decarbonise portfolios.

Williams believes the will of citizens is there to deliver a low-carbon economy in the US

Beyond Carbon: The $500m plan to create a low-carbon US, with or without Trump

EXCLUSIVE: President Donald Trump may have officially kickstarted the process to withdraw the US from the Paris Agreement, but there is a movement of cities, states and businesses that is driving the nation towards 100% clean energy, with or without support from the federal government.

Growing energy demands were largely met using fossil fuels, the report states. Pictured: The WilPhoenix offshore oil rig in Scotland. Image: Joe deSousa

Capgemini: Meeting global climate goals 'looks unrealistic' as energy consumption grows

Global energy demand rose by 2.3% year-on-year in 2018 - a trajectory which, if sustained, will leave the world unable to meet international and national climate goals including the Paris Agreement.

Since 2011, the global proved reserves of oil and gas have increased

Oil and gas giants must cut production by a third to meet climate targets

The world's largest oil and gas companies must cut combined production by 35% by 2040 if nations are the meet the collective ambitions of the Paris Agreement and limit global warming to below 2C, a new report from Carbon Tracker has found.

Sajid Javid's Review will be published in autumn 2020. Photo: Foreign and Commonwealth Office [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]

Treasury launches Net-Zero Review to measure costs of decarbonisation

The Chancellor of the Exchequer Sajid Javid has today (2 November) launched the Net-Zero Review, the first of its kind, which will assess how the UK can manage the transition to a low-carbon economy.

BP's chief executive Bob Dudley and group chief economist Spencer Dale on stage at the One Young World summit

BP chief: Alternative to 'polluter pays' carbon tax can help meet net-zero

BP's chief executive Bob Dudley and group chief economist Spencer Dale believe that regional carbon prices that don't just tax the producers will enable the oil and gas giant to join the global transition to net-zero emissions, but neither were convinced of when that would happen.

Blockade of a fracking waste dump in Neuquen province, Argentina. Image: Mapuche Confederation of Neuquen

UK to use finance meant for green energy to support fracking in Argentina

The UK is planning to invest in Argentina's controversial oil shale industry using a £1bn export finance deal intended to support green energy, according to government documents seen by the Guardian.

Due to pressure from MPs and constituents, the pension fund publicised 20% of its holdings for the first time in 2017. Image: UK Parliament

300 MPs call for Parliamentary Pension Fund to divest from fossil fuels

Trustees of the £700m Parliamentary Pension Fund have been urged to respond to the climate emergency by 300 MPs who have asked that the fund divests from holdings in fossil fuel companies such as BP and Royal Dutch Shell.

Renewable energy sources make up 26% of the world’s electricity today, but according to the IEA, its share is expected to reach 30% by 2024

Renewable energy to expand by 50% in next five years - report

Global supplies of renewable electricity are growing faster than expected and could expand by 50% in the next five years, powered by a resurgence in solar energy.

Pictured: The Beatrice Offshore Windfarm is the UK's second-largest. Image: SSE

Renewable generation overtakes fossil fuels in UK electricity for first time

Renewable energy sources provided more electricity to UK homes and businesses than fossil fuels for the first time since the Industrial Revolution over the last quarter, according to new research.

According to the World Health Organization, nine in 10 citizens around the world breathe dirty air, with seven people dying prematurely due to health problems linked to air pollution

London joins global cities on 'race to the top' for clean air

The mayors of 35 cities, including London, Los Angeles and Milan, have signed a new declaration to tackle the dangers of air pollution and the climate crisis by pledging to improve air quality through measures that go above and beyond existing national commitments.

Shell's corporate membership deal will not be renewed upon its expiry in June 2020. Image: the National Theatre

National Theatre to end Shell membership deal amid climate protests

The National Theatre has announced plans to end its corporate membership deal with Shell last year, following climate protests calling on arts and culture bodies to cut ties with fossil fuel firms.