Double deck collection vans add big-time capacity
The introduction of purpose-designed, double deck collection vans has hugely increased the capacity in transporting clinical waste containers for incineration as a specialist in this field explains
Specialist supplier of tail-lifts and demountable body systems, the Ray Smith
Group plc, added hydraulically lifting decks to its portfolio in 1995. The Peterborough-based
company reports that the use of big vans, with variable height second decks,
for the collection of clinical waste for incineration, by doubling capacity,
has resulted in a better economic return than had originally been expected.
This year, BFH Incineration Ltd, the management buy-out of Blue Circle group’s
incineration company, has raised productivity further with six-wheeled ERF vans
able to take 42 clinical waste containers of 800 litres each. They can also
accommodate a mix of different sizes of container up to 1,500 litres, used by
a wide spread of hospitals including – for a Redditch incinerator alone – Bedford,
Luton, Northampton, Leicester, Stoke, Swindon, Droitwich, Ledbury, Worcester
and Kings Lynn.
Two other large incineration centres operated by BFH are at Manchester and
Hillingdon, North London. A fourth is imminent at Avonmouth.
The development of vehicles to carry more and more clinical waste containers
has called for ingenuity to make the best use of the allowable dimensions while
ensuring safe handling despite the height of the vehicles. Step frame semi-trailers
have a low floor, but space is wasted at the front where the floor has to be
stepped up to rest on the tractive unit. Putting a high body on an ordinary
chassis forces up the floor height and causes some concern about top heaviness.
A longer body not only provides welcome extra capacity but also demands a stable
low chassis on small wheels, with more wheels needed to take the weight. That
is the solution BFH has adopted. It buys special six-wheeler chassis from ERF,
at Middlewich, that are just within the maximum legal length of 12 metres.
By having low profile tyres fitted at the back – 19.5 inch instead of the usual
22.5 inches diameter wheels – the body-floor height is brought down to only
one metre. That has afforded sufficient interior headroom within the 4.7 metres
overall height to take tall, as well as shallow, containers three abreast on
The bodies, over 10 metres long, are built by PPS Commercials at Manchester.
They incorporate the Ray Smith electro-hydraulic, variable height second deck
(able to carry four tonnes) and a double-tier tail-lift at the back to deal
with the loading and unloading. This has a fold-up hydraulic platform 2.2 metres
long to leave room for the driver as well as three containers at a time.
The sequence of loading is to lower the second deck to give enough headroom
for a person to push containers along it. Once full, by using the tail-lift,
the second deck is raised to leave headroom to load the bottom deck.
It takes between an hour and an hour and a half to unload the containers at
the incineration plant, where a mechanical handler picks up the containers bodily
and tips their contents into a shuttle container that pushes the waste into
a furnace with computerised automatic control of emissions. The cinders go to
landfill. The heat generated by the BFH incinerator at Redditch serves the adjacent
Not to be outdone on collection capacity, White Rose Environmental is preparing
for a fleet of its own Ray Smith double deck six wheelers that can also tow
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