Rethinking finance in a circular economy
What is the circular economy precisely and is it a trend to stay or a well intended hype? Does it require different business models in order to be successful? And if so, can the financial system finance these models?
The purpose of the report is therefore threefold. First, to identify the business opportunities of the circular economy. Secondly, to explore differences in business models between traditional and circular businesses. If there are, the circular economy most likely also has an impact on finance. So the third goal is to explore its impact on banking activities.
This report is an initiative of ING, with the help and input of BMA Ergonomics and TNO, along with a number of companies and institutions in the sector.