Archive Discussions archive on edie.net


How can we accelerate the circular economy transition? Here are 5 top tips

Great tips! A lot of people are interested in circularity but want more feasible tips on how to transition.

UK's largest fleet operators to switch to electric vehicles by 2030

Electrification of all vehicles is key to reaching net zero fossil carbon emissions by 2050, but as UK electricity generation is presently only 15% of total primary energy demand, it is quite clear unconstrained installation of EV charging points will lead to a catastrophic load on the grid because UK transport takes 30% of primary energy of 2,226 TWh. All heavy transport, HGVs, buses, trains and ships must start to be powered by hydrogen-electric power (FCEVs) to relieve the direct grid load at the same time as EVs are charging. By 2050 it is arguable that most primary energy will have to be delivered by fossil free electricity; we only have 29 years to build the infrastructure.

Orkney's tidal turbine and Ferrero's paper packaging: The sustainability success stories of the week

The Orbital Marine SR2000 O2 tidal turbine mentioned in the article is the second generation of their turbines. The first SR2000 has been running for over a year to power the Orkneys, so this is not new technology. Tidal power of the moon manifested in ocean currents that these turbines harvest is far more consistent than wind, and there are many locations around the UK where they can be used. Unfortunately this is not yet fully appreciated by the Government.

Carbon offsetting: New 'integrity initiative' launched to tackle greenwashing

Well said, Kim. Richard Phillips

Carbon offsetting: New 'integrity initiative' launched to tackle greenwashing

Off-setting is a dangerous notion - mitigation or sequestration happens over years *after* the CO2 is emitted and adds to global warming. If we can mitigate and sequester, it should be done *as well as* truly cutting the emissions.

UK Government exploring feasibility of 'electric highways' for zero-emission trucks

Overhead wires would do absolutely nothing to enhance our countryside, making the present "ground level" road network much more visible. And where is all this power going to come from? The replacement of the present diesel/petrol powered system with electricity would demand a huge power station building programme; fossil fuel or nuclear???? At present EVs pay very little in the way of tax (Road Fund Licence). Does the Exchequer have in mind merely to transfer this shortfall onto the general public as Income tax???? The inductive concept would, as I understand the physics, require close coupling of the vehicle and charger, very difficult in such rough conditions. but Simon Dawes is spot on, problem here, for enlarging the system, are the tunnels; very confining on size. Richard Phillips

Closing in on COP26: Building a sustainable, equitable, green recovery - UCL Climate Action Society

''In the UK, we have reduced carbon emissions by 51% (from 1990 levels)'' I don''t think this figure includes carbon production outsourced to foreign manufacturing, shipping or aviation.

'Postcode lottery' of charging access and costs undermining UK's EV revolution plans, MPs warn

Charging costs have got to be simple, fair and clear across the board. But no one should be charging their EV for free anywhere. I know of several people who will drive to a public charge point because they can charge for free rather than charge at home. That is the same as "filling and driving away" and not fair as we all pay for it eventually. The Future Homes Standard must also mandate that all new homes have sufficient Solar/Wind generation capacity on the roof to charge the EV in the house so thereby reducing the load on the National Grid. This would benefit everyone by also continuing to bring down the cost of rooftop solar and promoting small scale wind turbine generation (something massively missing on our somewhat windy islands). And manufacturers have got to be pushed to make more small Electric vehicles instead of focussing on the high end, oversized SUV type vehicles currently on offer. Also all distribution and commercial vehicles must be included in the change to EV as these predominantly diesel engined vehicles do an order of magnitude more miles than the average private car so have a much higher impact on the emissions and atmospheric pollution.

UK's plans to scale battery production 'insufficient for net-zero transition'

Hello Edie, I have been here for a long time now stating the fact that the UK cannot lead the world on batteries, we are 5 years behind most of EU - 10 years behind China and light years behind Tesla. I have also stated that Batteries will face major issues with regards to raw materials - there is also the massive batteries needed to provide backup along with other methods. Massive increase in RE Generation Transport and housing all going electric Costs multi billions --- I have also been clear the needs Globally is a Hydrogen engine generator lowest cost option - easy mass production in existing factories - plentiful supply of raw and recycled materials. H2-O2 Combustion Internal Steam Pulse Jets Rotary engine generator -- note H2 and O2 not commercially available - No matter we intend to produce H2 -O2 on board the EV as part of a Flow type Fuel system. Tank of deionised water and recycled exhaust steam. Yes UK Company could have world leading IP. However, due to lack of support from UK R&D I took the IP to TU Berlin and they agreed in principle to carry out "initial modelling of the new type of engine. Now HyPulJet Ltd cannot access UK Govt Funding because the development is not taking place in UK The problem with UK R&D they want a project at TRL 4 they do not want to fund ongoing innovation - APC UK TDAP could have supported TRL 2 in 2017 perhaps the paper and actual develoment would have been quicker and the HyPulJet IHPU may well have been installed in EVs by now. At some point the Govt and R&D people will realise the Competition "our GT is better than their GT has to come to an end, just the same as the Fossil Fuels. We face a Global Heating Issue - it requires a Global Answer and Global Cooperation - as far as I am aware HyPulJet IHPU -- offers to be the better option over Batteries - Fuel Cells --- quite simply the IHPU can be Retrofitted to existing on the road petrol and diesel vehicles -- Legacy Auto maker could carry out fiurther development of HyPulJet and retrofit 400,000,000 vehicles by 2030 -31 = 80,000,000 per year 400,000,000 Zero EVs are necessary to be on Target to reach Net Zero 2050 Taking vehicles off the road is a Proactive approach as those vehicles would see 10 years to 15 years of use - this would make a serious cut to Green House Gas emissions over and above New EVs The benefit of the IHPU being that these major numbers of Z EVs would not need a Monunental cost of new infrastructure Also able to be used in all countries around the world especially those without a Grid Al Scott

UK Government exploring feasibility of 'electric highways' for zero-emission trucks

Why not embed inductive loops in the roads, especially approaching junctions and downhill sections, where charge can be picked up by any vehicle rather than by glorified trams!?

UK Government exploring feasibility of 'electric highways' for zero-emission trucks

Aren''t these called railways which "trains" run on?

Dairy giants and UN to jointly plot global course to net-zero by 2050

This looks like a classic UN process which excludes farmers and regenerative agriculture. What about low input agriculture and natural diets which reduce methane emissions?

Co-op to host reverse vending machines at music festivals, turning recycled plastic bottles into uni

An absolute essential step. Norway has had it for over 30 years. What has it taken so long for the UK to implement? It s not rocket science.

UK's plans to scale battery production 'insufficient for net-zero transition'

No mention of the gigafactory in Blyth, Northumberland which actually broke ground yesterday and will be the first one to open in the UK. Poor research EDIE!

Dairy giants and UN to jointly plot global course to net-zero by 2050

Great, but nothing like fast enough - global temperatures will be well over +2-deg C by 2050 and droughts, fire and flooding much worse than now. We don''t have 30 years to fix this.

UK's plans to scale battery production 'insufficient for net-zero transition'

Much of this content related to batteries is rather theoretical anyway. How would we get enough lithium to make enough batteries? And if we re using Li-Ion rather than LFP, what about the other problem materials, e.g. cobalt? Or is the plan to assemble batteries from cells made elsewhere?

Terra Carta Design Lab: Prince of Wales' latest climate initiative to support students

I am very positive about the fantastic progress being made by business & government regarding climate change etc.. Most of the general public haven''t got a clue. We need to be able to understand stuff. This article is so full of gobbledegook I have no idea what it really is all about. It sounds good. Average Joe/Jane reading this wouldn''t get past the first sentence. Stuff like this needs to be in plain English to get Joe public onside.

Mercedes-Benz to go all-electric for vehicles by 2030

Great - but what are they doing to remove the 10-35 tons of CO2 it takes to *build* each vehicle? ... similar to the amount a petrol/diesel car uses in its lifetime.

UK Government mulls sustainable aviation fuel mandate as ?15m pledged for waste-to-jet-fuel plants

This is NOT "sustainable" - puts just the same CO2 in the atmosphere as jet-kero! Stop deceiving the public.

EU's green hydrogen plans hailed as 'true game-changer' by industry

Funny, but I missed any use of the term "efficiency" in this piece. Surely, the amount of energy used in the process, as a percentage of that in the original source, is pretty important. The fact that you can do it is less important than the energy cost of the process overall. Factor that in, and it all looks less attractive...

Automakers urged to move away from 'destructive' deep-sea mining

But there isn''t enough Cobalt on land to provide enough batteries for the UK fleet of vehicles let alone the entire world. And what Cobalt is accessible is largely in the Democratic Republic of Congo and of dubious ethical standards. Mining isn''t exactly "environmentally friendly" either. So perhaps we all need to accept the days of private car ownership are numbered and we need to invest in mass public transport instead.

Asda to move entire company car fleet to EVs by 2025

That''s great - though actually *building* those vehicles will produce at least 9,000 tons of CO2 [15 tons per vehicle] .. unless car-makers can eliminate emissions up their supply chains.

How the world can reach net-zero emissions by 2050, according to BloombergNEF

Hmmm, demand side reduction is so important too ... nothing important to say about energy efficiency measures throughout global industry (beyond high intensity)?

At a glance: Everything you need to know about the UK?s Transport Decarbonisation Plan

David Dundas is quite correct in pointing out that energy use is only half of the equation, how about generation. The UK is not rich in natural sources of non-carbon energy, but we do have nuclear. This could be a rich source of non-carbon power, but does not seem to have thrived as its inception heralded. Why not?? I do recall, at Harwell, watching on TV, the Queen opening the first commercial nuclear power station in the world, Calder Hall. Nuclear electricity is still only less than a quarter of our generation, are we really serious about burning carbon??? Does the petroleum industry have any influence in this area? Richard Phillips

At a glance: Everything you need to know about the UK?s Transport Decarbonisation Plan

It''s fine to have a plan for how energy consumers will commit to decarbonising by using fossil free energy, but that is the use side of the clean energy equation, but where is the plan to ramp up that energy which is the production side of it? As it is likely that most of our primary energy will need to be delivered by clean electricity by 2050, how is the UK going to ramp up the present electricity generation from around 15% of primary energy, of which half is from burning fossil natural gas? At a guess clean, electricity will have to be ramped up to around 90% of all primary energy, or 6 times more electric power than at present, and half of that also needs to be decarbonised? Is the generation of clean primary energy another department''s problem to be ignored by transport?

At a glance: Everything you need to know about the UK?s Transport Decarbonisation Plan

Just a note on EVs. The electricity has got to come from somewhere! Renewables are constantly being waved as the answer to the major source of low-carbon power, but it places us in the hands of mother nature, where security of supply is vital. The only other power source completely under out control is nuclear, hardly ever mentioned. But fission is all we have in this no carbon policy, until we have fusion, still a long way off, I am afraid. But natural gas does use four hydrogens for every one carbon. Count your blessings Richard Phillips

National Grid could lose electricity system operator role under new BEIS and Ofgem plans

The final paragraph of the main article illustrates well how difficulties emerge from a mix of publicly vital industry and private investment. A wholly public organisation does not suffer these problems, but admittedly it does have others!!! Richard Phillips

Coventry battery Gigafactory plans take a step forward, as MPs call for more Government funding

We still need to decide how much destruction - particularly in South America - we''re prepared to be responsible for in our pursuit of electric vehicles and stationary storage. The UK will need a large proportion of the world s lithium production to keep to current timescales. Don t forget that China controls much of the world s lithium supply at present. Switching to LFP batteries could relieve the pressure on some materials, particularly cobalt. However, LFP batteries aren t without disadvantages. Cornish lithium could help to some extent at some point in the future, but we don t have reliable dates or quantities yet.

Taking place TODAY: edie's Clean Energy & Transport Forum

Thanks to Ms Perriman for her comments. It is commonly supposed that the combustion of carbonaceous fuels do add to climate effects, but they are not always that which is commonly expected. During the Ordovician, CO2 was high, some 4,500ppm, and temperatures at todays level, and in the Triassic, the reverse, CO2 at some 1,500, and temperature some 10 deg above today. CCS would be a large industry if all CO2 were to be captured, cars and lorries are a problem. Nuclear waste is comparatively small in volume, and no danger to future generations, I was a scientist at AERE Harwell for 35 years. Highly active material decays quite quickly and is very safely stored. A bigger future problem may be sourcing the lithium for all the EVs seen as so socially desirable. Big subject, energy!!!! Richard Phillips

'Outrageous hypocrisy': Government condemned over ?16bn oil and gas sector 'bailout'

The Government''s plans rely far too much on carbon capture and storage (CCS) to allow the continued burning of fossil fuels beyond 2050, when it is known to the policy authors that the capture of fossil carbon can be never more than 95% because of the nature of chemical process equilibria and it is often less than 95% allowing huge amounts of fossil CO2 to escape. The storage of the captured CO2 requires it to be pumped at high pressure into deep geological formations, often of depleted oil and gas reservoirs which requires a great deal of energy.

At a glance: Everything you need to know about the UK?s Transport Decarbonisation Plan

A very useful summary of this transport decarbonising plan, but as a summary it cannot cover every detail, so the comment about the energy costs of the construction of HS2 might might also note that these costs will be similar for the construction of any new railway line; the adage "that you cannot make an omelette without breaking eggs" applies to most new construction of assets that will see a long-term reduction in the emission of fossil CO2 what is important is that a greater use of rail over cars will see a reduction in energy use.

Taking place TODAY: edie's Clean Energy & Transport Forum

With respect to the comment by Richard Phillips: reliable, dispatchable energy generation is also available from a natural gas fired power station with the 4% CO2 from its flue gas captured and geologically stored (CCS). This can be done at significantly lower cost- and without nuclear waste left for future generations to deal with. Natural gas and petroleum fuels do not cause climate change- if we collect the CO2 waste product when we burn them for energy or to manufacture hydrogen, CO2 emissions are reduced to a residual amount (5%-10%).

'Clarity and confidence for the road ahead': Green economy reacts to Transport Decarbonisation Plan

We hear a great deal about plans for EVs and the installation of a charging network, but I cannot recall reading of any plans to build generation plant for all the extra electrical demand. This infrastructure is a long time in the planning as well as construction, and, seemingly, a lot of it will be needed. What is planned for the power generation for all the electricity needed, gas (easy), nuclear perhaps, it would be nice to hear the thoughts! Richard Phillips

Kraft Heinz unveils new circular packaging strategy in plastic reduction drive

UK has displayed great treand over the last couple of years to reduce plactic all around by bringing new legislations and charging plastic bags too. This is a healthy move for the environment. Many new recycling packaging for food industry now available in the market. see example: https://kampac.co.uk/

Transport Decarbonisation Plan: UK Government to ban new petrol and diesel truck sales by 2040

The single biggest thing Govt can do is limit the embedded emissions in new vehicles .. typical car = 17 tons to build, so at least 30m tons/year from the 2m/year we buy. SUV is 35 tons, smallest is 6 tons. Setting a max of 15 tons/vehicle reducing each year could save half of that total in 5 years.

University of Sussex targets net-zero emissions by 2035

Very little to say about the efficient generation of electricity. Renewables do not cover this area, they are time, and quantity, variable, outside our control. In this country the only non carbon source of power is nuclear, but too few of those of influence wish to know. Storage is exceedingly difficult and expensive. There is no substitute for having continuous power on demand, and zero carbon means nuclear. Its physics not banking!!!! The latter is to be invoked after the former is established!!!!! Richard Phillips

Lidl commits to carbon neutrality by 2022

Like all retailers, the biggest thing Lidl can do is add clear, bold emissions-labelling to all their goods so consumers can avoid buying high-C products ... and sell no air-freighted goods at all.

2TWh of hydrogen and 37 million EVs: How can the UK reach net-zero emissions?

This all seems part of the new Johnsonian Climate Change Denial. Climate Change exists but we don''t have to do anything about it - technology will solve everything; behaviour change is unnecessary. How an earth are we still thinking 40million EVs as the way of the future for transport in the UK? Energy sustainability is primarily about efficiency; transport efficiency would be hugely improved by policies of public transport. But instead we spend 100billion on building roads that have never served an environmentally or economically useful purpose and only build in unsustainable behaviour..

2TWh of hydrogen and 37 million EVs: How can the UK reach net-zero emissions?

The Government is failing us in many areas. (1) EV charging - subsidising the charger installation, but not the connection to the grid. (2) Creating EV Charging poverty by not enabling EV charger access to millions of homes (flats, terraced houses, rural dwellings) (3) the most expensive peak railway fares in Europe (e.g. when people need to travel for work). - Steven.clarke@euveka.uk

KFC and Pilgrim's target net-zero by 2040

Two of the most interesting Scope 3 sources of emissions are excluded: customers driving to a drive-thru and emissions associated with food served, notably poultry. Arguably if KFC (or its rivals) didn''t offer tempting fast food, customers wouldn''t drive to get their meal but would prepare it at home, and would most likely have a lower meat consumption. This is a lot deeper than KFC can be expected to solve, as it relates to the whole structure of how Western (and Chinese!) society live now. But equally, to claim zero while creating the environment for customers to generate marginal emission is a little misleading.

Race to Zero: Retailers forge new climate-focused collaboration

They could make a big start by agreeing and implementing clear, simple carbon-emission labelling on all products, so consumers can avoid high-emission items.

UK's clean energy pipeline on course to unlock 625,000 green jobs

I find that Serge Colle, undoubtedly a very talented advisor on energy matters, does not have a technical background, he is professionally an economist. Nowhere in the article is the technical matter of the generation of renewable electricity mentioned. It seems to assume that money throwing will suffice. It will not; all renewables are nature dependent, we have no control. In the UK we do not have the geography for hydro storage, and battery storage for industrial amounts of electricity is not even om the horizon. Nuclear has no mention, yet it is the only system with an answer, but expensive (what is not??). Richard Phillips

Cement industry plots path to net-zero through new global platform

Although the GCCA "plots a path to net-zero through new global platform" there are no details of this path, and there are probably none to give at this time. Just like the UK''s commitment to net zero carbon emissions by 2050 which has no path to that goal, I guess this will be the same. The question for both commitments is "how will they be achieved". We need to see detailed implementation plans and how they will be financed.

Cement industry plots path to net-zero through new global platform

Great to hear - but we don''t have 30 years to fix this. We need to get to True-Zero as fast as possible, and if the cement industry can''t get there faster we have no choice but to use *much* less of it. (Same for brick/steel/aluminium ...)

#SustyTalk: Ashden's Harriet Lamb on scaling international climate finance

Why is CO2 seemingly so much more important in global warming, than water vapour, when that two molecules have such similar IR profiles? There have been, in geological times when CO2 has been high and global temperatures low (Ordovician), and vice versa (Permian, Triassic). Water vapour has, moreover, a much greater concentration, in general. Richard Phillips

Stop subsidising Drax's biomass operations, UK's biggest green charities urge Government

Wind and solar are entirely beyond our control or demand. A bit of a downside! Just what would be the "85% fewer emissions" that biomass emits, less than coal. I assume complete combustion? Richard Phillips

Less than two weeks to register for edie's Clean Energy & Transport Forum

It is, perhaps, just me, but it seldom seems it be recognised, that all "renewable energy" is beyond our control, and neither is it available on demand. There is only one energy generator that fills this description; NUCLEAR. Has HMG really grasped the concept that to fulfil, in reality, the object of a zero carbon economy, this is the only answer? Zero natural gas, no petroleum fuels. An immense electricity storage capacity, quite unimaginable at the moment, and demanding, I suspect, of materials mot readily to hand, even scarce on a global basis. But maybe that''s just me! Richard Phillips

Amazon's carbon footprint grew 19% in 2020 amid pandemic parcel boom

The single biggest thing Amazon can do is require big, bold carbon-footprint labelling on everything it sells - how many 10''s, 100''s, 1000''s of grams CO2 were emitted to produce each item. Online shoppers can then decide to avoid high-C products. And it would force store-retailers to follow suit.

Rolls-Royce and Shell agree on new partnership on sustainable aviation fuels

There is no such things as SAFs until you get to hydrogen. Burning biomass releases exactly the same carbon as fossil fuels, and should instead remain locked up. Get on with hydrogen - fast !!

Chancellor Rishi Sunak issues ?15bn green gilt drive to assist net-zero ambition

It would be good if the Treasury reactivates the Green Homes grant to support the upgrading of existing UK homes insulation and heating systems. This is a massive task that will take a long time to complete and we only have 29 years to do it. It will also need new employment, an opportunity for those who have lost their jobs in retail, and some in entertainment.

Equinor plans 1.8GW of low-carbon hydrogen production in UK, tripling previous target

What do they mean by capture most emissions ?

UK's coal-fired electricity ban officially brought forward to 2024

Once again the UK deals with failing to meet its targets by setting even more ambitious ones. National Grid forecast for coal for all of 2021 was 60 GWh. Last week (w/c 21 June 2021) coal generated almost double that in one week. That s how close we are to getting rid of it. Generation from coal exceeded all GB wind generation for many hours last week. Why? Low wind again. It s variable, unpredictable and uncontrollable. We can t do anything about that. What will solve this by 2024? And whilst we re on the subject, last week GB nuclear power and imported French nuclear power exceeded all wind for the whole 7 day period. It would be good if somebody could explain how we can reduce nuclear capacity and keep the lights on, other than continuing to depend heavily on imported electricity, much of which is generated from fossil fuels.

UK's coal-fired electricity ban officially brought forward to 2024

Great - but its a shame we buy so much stuff from China 58% coal-fired power and India 55%. https://www.eia.gov/international/analysis/country/CHN https://www.eia.gov/international/analysis/country/IND

So, what now for sustainability reporting? - The Simply Sustainable blog

Excellent Post. Keep up the good work. Climate Change Consulting Company Sustainability Reporting

UK set to double solar capacity by 2030, but more required to help reach net-zero

1. In what way has the intermittency problem been largely solved by battery storage ? GB has less than 2GWh pf battery storage. We will need a few thousand GWh when fossil fuels have gone and nuclear capacity has been reduced. To get a realistic order of magnitude estimate of how much storage capacity GB will actually need, take a look at https://our-energy-future.com/News_Articles/News-2021-06-15-01 2. I know that people have mixed views on nuclear power, and can understand that and largely identify with it. However, GB has a base electricity demand of 20GW, and nuclear provides a significant and reliable proportion of that. If you take nuclear away what will fill the gap? It won t be wind, as wind cannot be relied on to produce anything. It is frequently below 1GW. So, what will you use instead of nuclear?

'UK's first' grid-scale battery storage system comes online in Oxford

Don''t apologise for being fussy. The devil is very much in the detail in relation to large scale batteries. Does it do 50MW for 1 hour (i.e. capacity 50MWh), 50MW for 50 hours (i.e. capacity 2500 MWh), 1MW for 50 hours (again, 50MWh), or what? Consider what the physical scale of such batteries will be to deal with the intermittency of wind power, and the vast amounts of lithium need to make those batteries. To get a realistic idea of how much storage capacity GB will actually need, take a look at https://our-energy-future.com/News_Articles/News-2021-06-15-01 .

Microsoft announced as latest COP26 Principal Partner

Sponsorship of inconsequential activities like a football match or the Olympics - fine. Sponsorship of a business conference where the sponsor may have a vested interest - OK. But sponsorship of a major international Governmental set of negotiations - no way! And I have lost count of the number of pieces of functioning hardware that I have had to junk because they no longer work with the latest Microsoft operating system...

'UK's first' grid-scale battery storage system comes online in Oxford

50 MW is only half the story; the other half is the MW.hour value. Zenobe has done the job properly, quoting both MW and the MWh values Probably just me being fussy!! Richard Phillips

Western Power Distribution targets net-zero emissions by 2028

Good news that Western Power (my energy provider) will stop landfill of non hazardous waste by 2028, so what will they do with it? And why will they continue to landfill hazardous waste; surely it would be better to incinerate it in special high temperature incinerators that have rapid exhaust quench (stops recombination of nasty materials like PCBs and dioxines found in old electrical equipment)? More detail please.

UK set to double solar capacity by 2030, but more required to help reach net-zero

Hi Richard, we agree on solar. With regard to nuclear vs. wind, the problem is cost, nuclear needs to halve its cost to compete with offshore wind, and reduce its cost by more than half to compete with onshore wind, which is still able to get planning permission in Scotland. The intermittency problem for wind has been largely solved by battery storage which can be at the point where the power comes ashore, and also in the area where it is used, e.g. overnight windpower can be transmitted directly to the area of use reducing the demand on long high voltage transmission lines (which are also needed for nuclear). Large grids are also usedful as national areas of low wind are uncommon, even though we do get local low wind areas. Also offshore winds are less variable than onshore. So wind seems to be the clear leader on cost. Also I understand that decommissioning costs are not normally included for nuclear plants, the government picks up the tab well beyonf the term of the politicians who approve (and subsidise) projects. With windpwer not only is the cost of decommisioning much lower, but it is allowed for in cost estimates. Decommissioning of wind turbines usually involves removing the old turbines (the steel towers can be recycled) and installing even larger new turbines on the same site. On technology you have prompted me to google reprocessing, and I note that France has a well established reprocessing system, which reduces both raw materials used and storage of waste. I understand that vitrification is a common method of high level waste, but is only a short term solution until/ unlesswe invent a way to completely neutralise it. It still has to be kept cool for 50years, and then disposed of in deep geological formations; more cost and as you say political resistance. Finally there is the problem of construction times, we need to reduce emissions ASAP since we have already overshot the safe level of GHGs, and wind turbines can be built MUCH quicker. In your post of the 18th you mention the flexibility of nuclear power; am I out of date in thinking that nuclear power cannot be switched on and of over short periods? Or are you thinking of using surplus nuclear electricity to generate hydrogen? In this case nuclear would have an advantage over windpower of having waste heat to use, as the most efficient generation of hydrogen by electrolysis is at relatively high temperatures. So I would support research into better forms of nuclear power, but for the immediate Climate Change Crisis I favour wind in this country, and a combination of wind and solar in countries with good solar resource (guaranteed every day in desert countries).

UK set to double solar capacity by 2030, but more required to help reach net-zero

I agree that solar power has little future as a major generator of electrical power. Power storage on the capacity and time scale needed is not viable. Wind is also totally outside our behest, and may be almost zero, as during last August, for many days on end. The reprocessing of nuclear fuel does have an answer but scares the politicians stiff, they simply do not have the scientific background. I understand that vitrification is the waste solution adopted by France, at La Hague, and indeed we have investigated the process If we want a practical solution to the generation of CO2 for generating electricity, nuclear is the only system over which we have complete control. Richard Phillips

UK set to double solar capacity by 2030, but more required to help reach net-zero

I don''t get solar power in a Northern and cloudy country like the UK. A small amount perhaps to supplement storage for windless days in Summer, but we have plenty of wind and that is availabe year round, with some increase in the winter months which are the months of maximum energy demand. Nuclear power looks dubious, Hinkly Point C has been rendered completely uneconomic by offshore wind with storage. There MAY be a future for small mass produced nuclear power plants, but the problem of nuclear waste remains unsolved, so the only desirable nuclear power plants will be those which burn existing waste. The UK did try exporting nuclear waste to Japan, but it turned out the waste was not acceptable as the paperwork was dishonest

UK set to double solar capacity by 2030, but more required to help reach net-zero

I don''t get solar power in a Northern and cloudy country like the UK. A small amount perhaps to supplement storage for windless days in Summer, but we have plenty of wind and that is availabe year round, with some increase in the winter months which are the months of maximum energy demand. Nuclear power looks dubious, Hinkly Point C has been rendered completely uneconomic by offshore wind with storage. There MAY be a future for small mass produced nuclear power plants, but the problem of nuclear waste remains unsolved, so the only desirable nuclear power plants will be those which burn existing waste. The UK did try exporting nuclear waste to Japan, but it turned out the waste was not acceptable as the paperwork was dishonest

Amazon accused of wasting and destroying mountains of unsold products in the UK

A reported world-wide shortage of aluminium highlights the failure to optimise recovery of 100% recyclable drinks cans from street on-the-go and domestic sources. More public awareness and actions needed to address this colossal waste.

England's first hydrogen double-decker buses hit the road in London

A step in the right direction.

Climate Crisis Advisory Group: New body launches, modelled after British scientists' Covid-19 initia

It will be interesting to see what alternative may be suggested for the oil and petrol in such common use. Richard Phillips

Climate Crisis Advisory Group: New body launches, modelled after British scientists' Covid-19 initia

It would be very helpful to have CCAG adopt the 2.6 m Downing Street briefing room that has become surplus to Government requirements. They could invite Alok Sharma and other minsters to join their experts on the podium?

Spirax-Sarco 'refreshes' sustainability strategy with net-zero and biodiversity goals

There are many claims for the amount of electricity to be purchased from "renewable sources". Is it possible to determine if the amount of renewable electricity supplied is actually, even in total, as great as that said to be derived from renewable sources? An examination of the Grid supply sources in the UK does not in the least support this concept, descending, at times to nearly zero. In addition to this point, we have no control over renewables, and must therefore have non-renewable, controllable generators, at our behest, to meet the whole of our supply. These are likely to be gas fired> Are we being a bit too green???? It would be, perhaps, sensible to have our baseload met by nuclear sources, reliable, and built to last at least 60 years, and probably having an extension. Is it only me??? Richard Phillips

Unilever introduces paper-based bottles for laundry detergent

a refillable glass bottle with a paper plastic sleeve would be another option

UK set to double solar capacity by 2030, but more required to help reach net-zero

Solar power cannot escape the disadvantage that it cannot be supplied on demand. Efforts to overcome this criticism involve electrical storage, as yet always in a secondary fashion. Solar power panels are also not pleasant objects to produce. Flexibility of nuclear power would, in my eyes, be a better path to follow. And I suspect, Lawrence, that your obvious doubts are well founded Richard Phillips

UK set to double solar capacity by 2030, but more required to help reach net-zero

But even with "older" targets for solar power there are immense materials issues, as reported here https://www.nhm.ac.uk/press-office/press-releases/leading-scientists-set-out-resource-challenge-of-meeting-net-zer.html . Does anybody know how the UK can install even more solar capacity as soon as this article suggests?

Half of NHS Trusts off-track on climate targets, new data reveals

If anyone knows where to find the original FOI request and response it would be much appreciated!

Cost of climate damage to UK could triple without better adaptation plans, CCC warns

When is Edie going to support the cee bill, a non-partisan framework requiring government to devise a coordinated strategy addressing climate and ecological risks which put lives and livelihood, never mind social sustainability at material risk. It is clear that the status quo and political party competition is incapable of taking action. The CEE Bill is a pathway , for government, and broader society to find a way forward together.#ceebill

Cost of climate damage to UK could triple without better adaptation plans, CCC warns

It''s a classic "catch 22"! We are told to increase our home insulation to triple the normal amount (100mm to 300mm), to lag our heating pipes, our hot water tanks, install double glazing, seal draughts etc all to reduce our emissions and stay warm but now the warning is all this will cook us in summer!! You couldn''t make this up if you tried and if I wasn''t laughing I''d be crying.

G7: What was (and wasn't) agreed by world leaders to combat the climate crisis

If coal is acceptable with CCS, why not sell coal power stations now and fit CCS once it is practical? If not, China will take over the market and Europe sits on the side lines looking virtuous, but poor and irrelevant. Oh, and don''t tell Germany - they are building coal fired power stations now, as they want to end nuclear and wind is unreliable and too expensive...

Green finance tools and net-zero sector coalitions: CEOs present climate initiatives to world leader

When are these "leaders" going to join ordinary citizens in pressuring government , and ALL political leaders, regardless of party to actually face the facts and come up with coordinated strategy and ACT? The UK Climate and Ecological Emergency Bill (https://www.ceebill.uk/) is the only feasible pathway if we want to try to improve our chances of averting complete environmental. economic and social breakdown.

Drax announces ambition to host world's largest negative emissions project

It''s rather disappointing that whoever put together the "pros and cons" didn''t look at the CCC reports in more detail. For example, in their Land Use Policies for a Net Zero UK they say we require "a high uptake of low carbon farming practices and releasing 22% of land out of traditional agricultural production for long-term carbon sequestration". Doesn''t that sound like quite a "con" to you - or is it just a challenge?

AB InBev cuts emissions through new lightweight beer bottle design

"emissions per bottle have been measured at 17% lower" sounds good, but can we have some hard data, please? What''s this in absolute gCO2e/bottle? Comparing it to 62,000 cars is a little meaningless when we are not told how many bottles are used each year.

Work underway to create 'UK's biggest electric bus charging station' in Glasgow

The current has to be generated, what source can be designated as responsible for this duty. And it is important, for if it is a fossil source, the advantage gained has be regarded as of dubious benefit. Many thanks Richard Phillips

ABP and National Trust sign up to net-zero investment initiative

I wonder what plans the National Trust has to decarbonise their vast estate of heritage builings

Hydrogen-fuelled steel manufacturing and China's greenest office: The sustainability success stories

The use of hydrogen is becoming more and more to the front, by the day. But this gas does not occur as elemental hydrogen in nature. To have total control of its production at our behest, nuclear is the only answer. Naturally occurring energy sources are not totally at our command, and have to be accepted on this basis, it is not some sort of panacea. But business seems somehow to regard it as so. Or is it just me???? Richard Phillips

Heathrow Airport adds sustainable aviation fuels to decarbonise flights

There is no such thing as "sustainable fuels" - burning these fuels releases just the same CO2 as any other kind, and is exactly as damaging to the climate. Airports should post health warnings at every gate "This flight produces 2 tons of CO2 per passenger", so people can make informed decisions.

Heathrow Airport adds sustainable aviation fuels to decarbonise flights

How does burning fats/oils, in which the carbon is firmly bonded, reduce the emission of CO2!?

Take edie's net-zero carbon business survey (10 minutes)

Take edie's net-zero carbon business survey (10 minutes)

EU and Japan seal 'green alliance' in bid for climate neutrality

Great, but net-zero by 2050 is way, way too late - temperatures will already have soared past +1.5 degrees by then and be continuing to rise. Please everyone put pressure on politicians and business to drive much harder and faster.

A battery future - The Global Battery Alliance blog

I agree that Li batteries have paved the way for many of the advanced technologies but I think the future of batteries are graphene batteries using high grade TA-001A Graphene Powder.

Take edie's net-zero carbon business survey (10 minutes)

Domestic heat batteries and 'champagne' carbon capture: The best green innovations of May 2021

Heat batteries for homes - so basically this is electric central heating and will still cost home owners 3 to 4 times as much to heat their homes as gas or oil. And given that 50%+ of UK generation capacity is from "burning things" is this really "low carbon"? Now if the "heat battery" could store the heat that pours in through my front windows on a sunny day or the heat that same sun bakes into my roof tiles to later heat my hot water tank or to assist my existing heating by maintaining the water temperature in the heating pipes without resorting to igniting the oil burner then perhaps it would have a better impact.

Take edie's net-zero carbon business survey (10 minutes)

Take edie's net-zero carbon business survey (10 minutes)

Dutch court orders Shell to strengthen carbon reduction targets

This is great news - but it''s the companies *burning* the oil/gas/coal that are actually doing the harm! Steel, aluminium, concrete, construction (20-50 tons per house), airlines (2-5 tons per passenger long-haul), shipping (2 tons per cruise-person week), car-building (17 tons per vehicle). And *we* are the ones buying those products in ignorance.

FedEx plans to deliver 'future of aviation' with biofuels drive

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UK's ultra-rapid EV charging stock to triple with new ?300m funding package

It would be interesting to separate true ''climate change related'' funding from the backlog investment expenditure on essential infrastructure such as road maintenance and rail projects that are simply modernisation. Then compare the promised spend with actual and expected progress with actual. Any business would do this - there is no point setting down strategy and funding if the milestones are not being reached quickly enough or in the manner required. Smoke and mirrors are the politicians and hence government''s primary tools. We will look back and cringe at the lies, obfuscation, and lack of solid progress.

Turkey to ban plastic imports after 'recycling' from UK and other nations dumped and burned

This surely illustrates yet again that once collected, waste disposal should be the concern of a specific government department. The UK should not be shipping our garbage to poorer areas of the world, a disgrace. Yes, it might cost, but it is the correct thing to do. Richard Phillips

Turkey to ban plastic imports after 'recycling' from UK and other nations dumped and burned

This surely illustrates yet again that once collected, waste disposal should be the concern of a specific government department. The UK should not be shipping our garbage to poorer areas of the world, a disgrace. Yes, it might cost, but it is the correct thing to do. Richard Phillips

One-third of UK population represented by local authority net-zero commitments

If 36% are not confident of meeting their public commitments, I suspect that 64% are deluding themselves! Yes, it''s possible in most cases, although some of the earlier dates would practically be impossible starting from where they are, but if I were responsible for meeting the target I would have very little confidence that it could be achieved without massive support from central Government and bodies such as Ofgem.

Cathay Pacific sets global net-zero target for 2050

There is no such thing as "sustainable aviation fuel", except hydrogen. Burning hydrocarbons emits CO2, wherever they come from. And off-setting takes years to take-back the large amounts of CO2 emitted immediately. Aviation is *very* climate-harming so fly-much-less is the only short-term option.

G7 nations agree 2030s net-zero targets for power sector

Of all of the statements that have been made on this subject by the National Grid ESO on this subject the one relating to 2025 must be the most pointless and misleading. To quote the original statement, which you can still read on their website: National Grid ESO s ambition is to be able to operate a zero-carbon electricity system by 2025. This means if the market provides us purely with electricity generated from zero-carbon sources, we can run the system without needing to use any extra services that emit carbon. So Britain s electricity will be carbon free. So, if the market presents them with zero carbon electricity, that s what they ll use. Surely they re not just saying It s not our fault ? There has not been a single half hour when the GB grid has run purely on zero-carbon sources before now, and there certainly won t be by 2025. Many consumers believe that they get zero-carbon electricity from the grid already if they choose the right supplier. They don t. Nobody does - unless you can generate your own, of course. Getting to the point where the market can supply the GB grid with electricity purely from zero-carbon sources is urgent and the challenges should not be underestimated. It cannot happen by 2025 (unless we only use imports, of course!)

WRAP: Two-thirds of Brits don't see link between food waste and climate change

Does not our food all end up as CO2? Surely it is converted to heat to keep us warm, and the resulting CO2 merely exhaled?? Just more obvious in waste? Any way, when CO2 concentration rises, plant life grows more profusely, and terrestrial temperatures rise slightly, we are not incinerated. Certainly waste is a bad practice, and it costs the waster money, perhaps that angle might be examined by the statisticians. Just a thought. Richard Phillips

Oxford, Kent and Arsenal: New EV charging hubs unveiled across the South East

Are these charging points used at any other time than at match attendances?? I do wonder if, when whole histories are considered, just ho much more efficient eves are than fossil fuel vehicles; the energy has to come from somewhere. Wind power is very variable in this country, much better in certain locations in Western Australia! The best carbon free current is surely from nuclear energy, but this does touch everybody s favour. lack of knowledge I fear. Richard Phillips

Policy direction and pricing: How do we get all UK businesses to 100% clean electricity?

@ Philip, and the frequency is well below 50hz which also means they are struggling to balance the load, another drawback of unreliable renewables (notably wind). Are you including Biomass in your Fossil Fuels? I count it as "burning things" personally so it is a "brown" source of electricity as you have to add in the oil used to transport all those wood chips and pellets across the ocean. And I''m presuming low carbon is Nuclear, of which we get 2.1GW from France.

Policy direction and pricing: How do we get all UK businesses to 100% clean electricity?

Why is there so much greenwashing and propaganda about how much electricity is generated from wind turbines and solar panels. Let us see how many Net Zero Carbon targets are met, especially when the cost of carbon increases and Companies cannot buy the carbon credits for the 15 per tonne budgeted in their Zero Carbon Roadmaps! Current Generation by Energy Type - Today at 9:45 AM 36.9 GW - CURRENT TOTAL 10.3 GW - FOSSIL FUELS - 27.9 % 20.1 GW - RENEWABLES - 54.5 % 6.5 GW - LOW CARBON - 17.5 % So 100% clean electricity accounts for just 55% of the total this morning. Even the live data on websites does not agree on the amount of green energy being generated - they all publish different data!

Oxford, Kent and Arsenal: New EV charging hubs unveiled across the South East

The latest form of greenwash seems to be announcing adding EV charging posts. Will 3 at Arsenal make any difference when there are already 20,000 across the UK, and 7kW is, quite frankly, outdated technology? What proportion of Arsenal ''s average (2019-20) gate of 47,589 be able to use them (and wouldn''t it have been better to have gone by tube anyway)? Powering by 100% renewable electricity is another one to be wary of. Sure, it will be matched by REGOs, and Octopus is a good company, but at any given time it will actually be powered by what''s on the grid. Of course adding PV could help, but looking at the P+R image in Oxford, I wonder what proportion that the tiny PV panels will provide for the chargers underneath. Virtually nothing, I fear, but it might make users feel good about it...

Policy direction and pricing: How do we get all UK businesses to 100% clean electricity?

We can all kid ourselves that our tariff is "green" or "100% clean" but while the bulk of our electricity is generated by gas and even coal powered stations it doesn''t matter what label you put on it. There are frequent days when the wind is not blowing enough, or conversely blowing too hard. And solar panels don''t work at night or in thick fog. While "green" generation is based on these unreliable technologies the UK will never be able to be 100% Clean Electricity even if we are all on so called "green" tariffs.

UK's electricity grid emissions up year-on-year, despite net-zero pledge

Just noticed a typo in my earlier comment. "Last week (w/c 10 April)" should read "Last week (w/c 10 May)". Sorry! (Although, if anything w/c 10 April was even worse, with very low wind and lots of coal being burnt!)

UK's electricity grid emissions up year-on-year, despite net-zero pledge

Wind has been less so far in 2021 than in 2020. However, the plan is to rely more on wind. The problem is that wind cannot be relied upon so we need an alternative for when it isn''t windy. At present that is gas and coal. To achieve net zero, they both need to be eliminated. So, what are the alternatives? The main contenders are interconnectors (cannot be depended upon and the planned levels are not sufficient), storage (we would need absolutely vast quantities, probably needing more materials than we can possibly acquire) and hydrogen (which might help, but being able to produce and use the required quantities are a long way off yet). More nuclear would certainly help with base supply, but it is not used as a dispatchable resource to cover intermittency. In any case we would need such huge quantities requiring many large power stations for our requirements that even if the current reluctance by the government to commit to nuclear power were overcome it would be decades before enough such power stations could be generating power.

UK's electricity grid emissions up year-on-year, despite net-zero pledge

UK's electricity grid emissions up year-on-year, despite net-zero pledge

Could it be that the wind was much less in 2021 than in 2020? If this is the case then it emphasises the need for nuclear power.

UK's electricity grid emissions up year-on-year, despite net-zero pledge

This article misrepresents the facts to such an extent that I have to set the facts out. All of the data I quote here are taken from the official GB figures that can be checked using the Balancing Mechanism Reporting Service on the official Elexon website. Nuclear is in a very different situation to Wind and Solar. Nuclear provides relatively steady base supply. Nuclear is forecast to reduce in generation over the coming years, and even the reduced targets may not be achieved based on current plans for new facilities. But Nuclear does not deal with peaks and troughs in demand. Peaks and troughs in demand are currently dealt with primarily by gas and coal. Rumours of coal s demise are largely untrue. Comparing Jan to April 2021 to Jan to April 2020 it has reduced by 27%, but it still generated 2.2 TWh in that time, many times more than the National Grid s forecast. We need to stop using coal, but we are still using it whenever we need to, which is very often. Last week (w/c 10 April) it was burnt every day. On Friday is was generating more electricity than all GB offshore and onshore wind farms combined for part of the day. So, to the biggest part of this misrepresentation. Why did gas generation go up so much? Over the same period national demand increased by just over 3%. However, despite more capacity electricity generation from wind fell by 18%. What was the reason for this? It s simple, less wind. It could happen any time. So, gas generation increased by more than 30% to counter this drop, and to cover the small reduction in generation from coal. We can control generation using gas, so when the wind fails to deliver that is our backup. That is how it works at the moment. It s not surprising that RenewableUK want us to implement more wind. They are the wind trade body . But, do you think we need more reliance on wind?

Rolls-Royce unveils plans to build 16 mini nuclear plants in the UK

There is no way that renewables of solar, wind, tidal, hydro can possibly be ramped up to meet the UK''s primary energy demand by 2050 as we just don''t have enough land and sea. In 2019 their combined power was around 10% of the UK''s primary energy in 2016 of 2,226 TWh (BEIS data) so nuclear power must be used to bridge the gap. And the alternative to high pressure water reactors can be molten salt reactors that are far less expensive as they do not work under high pressure and require an expensive containment building. Small modular reactors like those developed by Rolls-Royce can be mass produced in a factory and taken to site by heavy road transport and will be very useful for retrofitting our gas power stations, saving the cost of steam turbines, generators and electrical distribution equipment already installed. Alternative fissile material such as Thorium can power a nuclear reactor without producing radio-active waste with very long half-lives as Uranium 235 does, which should keep Greenpeace happy.

Nuclear industry warns that planned closures could derail global net-zero transition

Yet again it has to pointed out that wind and solar energy are totally outside our control, and that nuclear is entirely within it. It would also be timely to remind the renewables supporters the electricity is extremely difficult and expensive to store in the UK, we do not have the geography and batteries on this scale are not viable I suppose that reality will eventually be recognised!! Richard Phillips,

After Green Homes Grant failure, Government 'dodges' recommendations on energy-efficient homes

"MPs on the Committee have received admissions that BEIS did not consult stakeholders such as material suppliers, service providers, local authorities and trade bodies before rolling out the scheme." The performance of MPs and BEIS continues to be amazing but not in a good way. This level of incompetence is world leading and ''they'' will claim to have done nothing wrong and not broken any promises or rules.

UK Power Networks sets science-based emissions targets on journey to net-zero

Just what are hybrid mobile generators ? Answer please. Richard Phillips

Sixth Carbon Budget: UK to reduce emissions by 78% by 2035

The suggestion that the UK should reduce emissions by 78% ignores, it would seem, for there is no mention of it, the fact that any historic increase in CO2 has resulted in the increase of plant growth, our food source. CO2 is veritably the staff of life, but we seldom see it that way. Just a thought. Richard Philips

Food services firm Compass targets net-zero emissions by 2030

This is good news and more evidence of an industry waking up to reality. Apart from the 1million fund - which is a paltry sum given the size of the company and the size of the challenge for the sector.

Report: UK must more than double onshore wind capacity by 2030 to meet climate targets

I presume that the frequent mention of hydrogen these days is of electrolytically generated hydrogen. The power source is presumably wind power. What happens in periods of calm, and they do exist for large areas and long periods, days. Just an idle thought Richard Phillips

Report: UK must more than double onshore wind capacity by 2030 to meet climate targets

No the UK needs to diversify its renewables generation capacity away from something as unpredictable and unreliable as wind. Not only is wind unreliable when you factor in the changes to watersheds, the devastation to highland habitats from cutting access roads and building large concrete pads and the destruction of the visible environment there is little to say positive about onshore wind. Unless we start to see wind turbines all around the M25. The UK is blessed with large tidal currents that are predictable and reliable so time to invest in this. There are some large rivers that have the capacity to provide a steady supply of power. In the Medieval era these rivers powered everything from grind corn to blast furnaces making steel, time to re invest in river hydro There are options to convert existing hydro plants in Scotland to pumped storage and to construct new hydro schemes using existing lochs and lochans. Hydro also gives a 100 year payback (Foyers on Loch Ness is now over 120 years old and still providing power to the grid). Eggs and baskets springs instantly to mind when I hear talk of investing all our power generation into wind. Bit like the "dash for gas" back in the 80s & 90s.

Consumer goods giants team up for greener chemicals drive

And what, exactly, is the FMCG? Richard Phillips

Barclays shareholders reject resolution on fossil fuel phase-out

That''s because, unlike sheep, Barclay''s shareholders realise that it''s not just fossil fuel. Oil forms the building blocks of billions of everyday essentials including all that life saving medical equipment that has been so vital in the last year. All that medical PPE is made from petrochemicals. No oil = no PPE While I agree we must stop burning oil and gas we will not be stopping investing in oil exploration for decades as we all demand oil based products every single day. Oh and the protective paint for wind turbines is made from petrochemicals as are the case for the batteries in EVs

Green Alliance: Nature jobs would benefit UK regions hit hardest by unemployment

I always look at this section (comments), and am surprised that there are so few. Why, I wonder. Richard Phillips

From Aldi to Waitrose: UK food giants threaten to boycott Brazilian suppliers over deforestation

Don''t threaten Do! Stop using their products and hit them where it hurts, the wallet, and they will change. Walk the Walk not talk the talk

Electrified heat and hydrogen: Renewable energy deployment 'must grow fivefold by 2030'

With regard to renewables providing electricity for our economy post-fossil fuels, note how many times "incentives" and "support" are mentioned. Funny that. We keep being told that these renewable sources are becoming very cheap, but no-one seems to want to invest without cash from HMG, i.e. you and me! Strange that off shore wind should make far more from CfD than from selling the product. I bet there are plenty of industrialists who would like that sort of scheme - never mind making a profit in the market place, just pick up the subsidy from the government. Time to get real...

Accounting, offsetting and sequestering: UK urged to set up carbon regulator on road to net-zero

Where is Ralph s comment?. Richard Phillips

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The sole large capacity, controllable, non-carbon source of energy, 24/24, is nuclear. Richard Phillips

6 in 10 Brits support 'green taxes', Green Alliance survey shows

@ Richard, And of course we all exhale CO2 with every breath we take H2O is actually, by volume, the greatest Greenhouse Gas of all.

6 in 10 Brits support 'green taxes', Green Alliance survey shows

Green Alliance may be interested to know that CO2 water have similar radiant energy profiles, they are in fact both green house gasses. Just a thought Richard Phillips

Climate risk and security risk: UK-backed natural gas project on hold after Islamic State attacks

An explanation from the green groups on just what alternatives there are to fossil fuels, would be much appreciated. And let their explanations be science based and applicable to poorer nations. Except for nuclear generation and hydro, they do not exist. Correct me if I am in error. Richard Phillips

6 in 10 Brits support 'green taxes', Green Alliance survey shows

8 out of 10 cats prefer Whiskers People will agree to anything if they think it makes them sound "green" but just wait for the howls when their summer holiday goes up in price, it costs more to fill the car or the shopping trolley and when items made from petrochemicals (such as their mobile phone) shoot up in price due to these "green" taxes. Don''t use the stick of tax rises to change attitudes but the carrot of reductions to encourage people to change habits, save energy and think about their whole impact - not just "carbon footprint". And educate educate educate on things like energy efficiency, consumerism and its global environmental impact and the true cost of everything we buy, do and throw away.

Report: Solar and wind can meet global energy demand 100 times over

Midnight on a cold windless night in January, and reliant on wind and solar!!! Not for me, please. Electrical storage is simply very difficult and expensive (we do not have the geography). Nuclear generation makes the non-scientific world a little uncomfortable,(not me, ex35 years scientist at Harwell) But if fossil fuels are out, only nuclear remains as a major power source totally under our control. If fossil fuel is out, nuclear must be in. Richard Phillips7

US sets first 2030 climate goal as Canada and Japan increase targets

Surely there''s an error in the third line of the article. The baseline is obviously not 2050! I think you meant to publish 2005. What I want to understand is why the recently released US targets are not in reference to the 1990 emissions baseline? And why are Japan''s new targets in reference to 2013? Why this confusion? The Paris climate accord sets the reduction targets in relation to the 1990 emissions baseline.

'A credible path to net-zero': Green groups react to UK's Sixth Carbon Budget

We have to keep it simple for the public. Try for ''fossil fuel free'' or ''Fozfree''. It''s a bit like a vegan but much harder. Home - make sure you''re on a green elec tarriff and then turn off the gas or oil valve for a few days. Helps you understand the challenge. Transport - Try not to drive a petrol or diesel car - lift share? public transport? move work and home closer together? Go cold turkey for the kids?

Treasury could mandate UK financial firms to add climate labels to products

As power sources wind turbines and solar panels are on the periphery. They are not controllable or demand lead in ant fashion. Electricity is difficult to store in any fashion. A source of generation providing providing a non-carbon power, nuclear power is ideally suited to this purpose, is the best route forward, but it as all in the hands is all in the hands of business and politics, not exactly the most technically informed. Richard Phillips

Boeing, Netflix and Microsoft among founders of new business alliance on sustainable aviation fuels

Burning bio-fuels *still* puts CO2 in the atmosphere - this is not "low carbon"

Sixth Carbon Budget: UK to reduce emissions by 78% by 2035

While reducing our consumption of red meat will help reduce carbon emissions, it should be remembered that those emissions come from the cattle having eaten the grass that captured the CO2 in growing. What is needed is to stop burning any fossil fuel. Fuels that are derived from CO2 captured from the air and with green hydrogen and electricity (Fischer-Tropsch process) can be burned without adding more CO2 to the air, and these fuels while more expensive than fossil fuels, can be used to power flight which will become more expensive. In the long term I doubt that mankind will fly less, so we need to support the roll-out of fossil free aviation fuels, as weight considerations will preclude the use of battery and hydrogen-battery flight for a very long time. The key here is to have a massive increase in green electricity because the UK''s total electricity generation is presently only about 15% of our primary energy needs that was 2,226 TWh in 2019 (BEIS date)

'A credible path to net-zero': Green groups react to UK's Sixth Carbon Budget

My professional background in programme and project management tells me that almost anybody can make a good policy, or a good plan or a good schedule. Relatively few can deliver. If the ultimate plan for net zero is any good, who can and will deliver it? Let me give you an example. Various organisations have been rejoicing in the demise of electricity generation from coal in Great Britain, with the National Grid for example forecasting only 60GWh in 2021. From 8 pm on 12 April (last week) not only did coal generate more electricity for the grid than all wind farms combined for all but one half hour period in the next 48 hours, but the total generation from coal from 12 April to 14 April exceeded the National Grid s forecast for the whole year. We are nowhere near delivering the plans we have.

Brits cut bottled water consumption by half during lockdown

I am interested in seeing the detail of the YouGov survey referenced at the start of this article - "proportion of UK adults regularly purchasing plastic bottled water almost halved during lockdown, new research from YouGov has concluded" - but I cannot find it anywhere on the YoUGov website. Can you share a link to it please?

Net-zero whisky production and a new hydrogen plant: The sustainability success stories of the week

May we have a word on the uses of hydrogen beyond its use as as fuel, an additive to natural gas. Is hydrogenation of unsaturated chemicals a major use? Richard Phillips

UK must dramatically scale battery energy storage to meet net-zero, report reveals

Please ensure that you use the correct units. GW is the rate at which a system can supply energy -- but tells you nothing about the amount stored which is measured in GWh. Is it large to provide power over several hours or small just for a few minutes to cover a short event ? In some cases the writers meaning is obvious but in many others through carelessness, sloppy editing or deliberate use as a way of overselling a system. One may expect this in the popular press but editors and subs should ensure that the correct, unambiguous units are used in all professional journals.

Greenwash: 40% of websites 'misleading' consumers on environmental credentials

The self charging hybrid car is, perhaps, a prime example of the green washing talk. Electricity from the grid is generated in the most efficient and reliable manner. The car engine does not compete. To pretend that current generated by the car engine is more efficiently used than to use that power directly, is illusory, it inserts another power loss step into the fuel-to-wheels process. But I will bet that a lot or people are deceived . Richard Phillips

Report: China's carbon neutrality goal only achievable with major coal phase-out

by 2060 global temperatures will likely be +2 degrees and still rising fast with catastrophic climate impact .. *we* buy the stuff they make with that coal

Heineken targets carbon-neutral value chain by 2040

Too little, too late - we don''t have 20 years to fix this

Two-thirds of Brits sceptical of sustainability-related business communications

Not everyone believes greenwash and propaganda from large companies and government. Luckily, a percentage of the population are still not completely brainwashed and have some higher cognative functions and can spot BS!

Why universities must prioritise sustainable development to fight the climate crisis - The Staffords

While preservation of our natural environment is very important, Universities must also take up the challenge to develop sources of fossil carbon free energy of which most primary energy demand will have to be delivered by electricity, converted into energy carriers such as hydrogen and ammonia for transport. Staffordshire was host to early thinkers such as Boulton, Watt, Wedgwood, Erasmus Darwin and Priestley that were major contributors to the industrial revolution, so should not forget this heritage in shaping this new industrial revolution that will be based upon fossil-free energy.

Government to explore ban on oxo-degradable plastics

Cut the Gordium knot and just burn the lot. Richard Phillips

RouteZero: Climate Group launches new initiative to decarbonise road transport

To power all these electric vehicles, power must be generated in the first place. Non carbon generation is needed, by definition. This has to be natural, wind wave etc, natural sources, or nuclear. I see no overwhelming enthusiasm for nuclear (my own choice), and all natural sources are dilute, needing huge infrastructure. It is an exclusively a technical problem, but the solution is primarily in the hands of administrators. Difficult. My own preference is the nuclear option, and even better if and when we can build it, is nuclear fusion. But that is some way off, and always has been. And then is the financial aspect, it must be made to generate profit, or private investment will not be forthcoming. Just a thought! Richard Phillips

RouteZero: Climate Group launches new initiative to decarbonise road transport

Does the switch to net zero involve driving on the other side of the road, as suggested by the photo used?

'A moonshot goal': Polestar aims to develop offset-free, climate-neutral car

Dear Matt, the erven more exciting news is that Polestar has entered into coopeation with Vattenfall to use fossil free produced steel for the Polestar car. See also the Hybrit Development AB plans. You are probably aware of the Hybrit JV between Vattenfall, SSAB and LKAB. Kind regards, Carl Nisser, Director of Corporate and Legal Affirs, Waves4Power AB

'A moonshot goal': Polestar aims to develop offset-free, climate-neutral car

Keep it up. Your company is certainly going in the right direction to eradicate CO2 emission from all part of the product life cycle - well done.

More than 100 Apple suppliers to switch to 100% renewables

This will need careful policing it it is indeed to not only "spur demand for more than 8GW of clean energy" (and shouldn''t that be 8GWh, edie?) but lead to new capacity able to generate that energy. Otherwise it just buys green power that''s already in the system, with no net reduction in CO2 emissions, and creates nothing more than a lot of greenwash. In the meantime, the difficulty in upgrading Apple''s products leads to a mountain of electronic waste...

Co-op bans sale of peat-based compost to reduce emissions

Just to be clear, peatlands are essential for many reasons, including their role in storing carbon, improving water quality, reducing flood risk, providing homes for wildlife, etc. We should be preserving and extending peatlands, not burning them or using them to improve our gardens (even though peat is very good at that - I''m a gardener!)

Co-op bans sale of peat-based compost to reduce emissions

So why do we continue to import electricity from Ireland, where a proportion of it is generated by burning peat? We don''t have to include that in our emissions as it''s burnt overseas, but we''re still using it. And for those who think your electricity supplier provides them with 100% renewable electricity, they don''t. They supply renewable electricity to the National Grid (or pay them for it), but the National Grid provides you with the same electricity as everybody else - unless you generate you own. So, even Ecotricity, Octopus, etc. customers are using electricity from peat regularly, i.e. about 70% of days in 2021 so far.

UK records lowest power grid carbon intensity

Well done to Fintan Slye for finding something positive to say about renewables this year. To him perhaps one swallow does make a summer. The reality is that during Q1 2021 - with a very similar demand to the same period in 2020 including much reduced demand due to COVID lockdowns etc. - wind generated almost 20% less than it did in 2020. Why was that? Well, it was the wind - too little or too much - which we can''t do anything about. To compensate for this, we used more than 20% extra gas to generate electricity. That will definitely not help us achieve our emissions targets. Other highlights include the fact that during w/c 1 March 2021 for 40% of the week coal was producing more electricity than all onshore and offshore wind combined. In fact, taking Fintan Slye''s (i.e. the National Grid''s) 5 Year Forecast for coal use, their forecast for the whole of 2021 was passed on 4 January. That''s really not very good, is it? These figures can readily be checked using the official figures on the Elexon website.

Danone-owned dairy giant unveils lifetime carbon emissions for its products

This is probable good news, but as with so many corporate claims, it''s hard to drill down. The horizon.com website says "Life Cycle Assessment performed in accordance with ISO 14040 methodology using 2018 data for Horizon Organic whole milk half gallons produced in three Danone North America owned facilities" - note that a US half gallon is only 1.89 litres. The plants use 100% renewable electricity under a PPA, so possibly attribute zero CO2 in that direction. They do consider disposal of the carton, and storage at home in a fridge, so it''s full cradle to grave. Their website has an interactive graphic that''s almost impossible to navigate, but the Dairy Reporter website has a much clearer one that Horizon have also produced (it''s a shame edie didn''t use it). No idea how they did the glass of milk a day to car miles calculation, but a back of an envelope calculation suggests that either it''s a real gas guzzler they are comparing with, or a teeny glass of milk! "

UK records lowest power grid carbon intensity

It would be interesting to know, during this same period how much electricity was supplied from overseas (If any) and the same breakdown (Wind, Solar, Nuclear) given for that.

Co-op bans sale of peat-based compost to reduce emissions

Here''s the thing about peat. It washes off the land and into streams, rivers and lakes. Loch Ness is so full of peat that you can not see more than a few inches through the water and it is almost like Guinness it is that black with peat. There is a company that sustainably harvests this washed off peat by capturing it from streams and rivers. This kind of peat compost is actually beneficial as not only is it harvesting run off it reduces the amount of peat that ends up in waterways, blocking sunlight and preventing aquatic life. Not all peat is bad, just most of it.

Report: 6 in 10 plastic packaging companies have no environmental policies

We know plastic waste is a problem, but after the film Seaspiracy it would appear that the blue whale in the room is the fishing industry which is doing enormous damage to the oceans while receiving very little criticism. Will Edie being doing a piece on the claims raised by Seaspiracy and showing some comparisons on impact between industrial fishing and other sectors? If Seaspiracy is to be believed then tackling other sources of plastic waste, while a good thing, is a relatively futile gesture. Thank you.

UK must dramatically scale battery energy storage to meet net-zero, report reveals

gas? when 3% leaks during distribution and methane is 30x worse for the environment than CO2?

Molson Coors set for 100% renewable electricity switch in the UK

Possibility 1 Tween Bank has a dedicated supply to the brewers and the wind always blows at Tween Bank. i.e. RWE "deliver around 75GWh of green electricity to Molson Coors every year" as it say in the article. Possibility 2 Molson Coors will still get the same electricity as the rest of us. In that way they will still get electricity when it isn''t windy. i.e. RWE deliver around 75GWh of the same electricity that all other grid-connected consumers get, but RWE pay for the ROCs to the appropriate value. The article suggests that Possibility 1 is what''s happening, but I suspect that it''s actually Possibility 2.

Microwave boilers and autonomous EVs: The best green innovations of March 2021

Encouraging news, amid the encircling covid gloom!

Recycling gap: Most Brits claim they recycle plastic at home, so why aren't rates improving?

Although householders may genuinely recycle 75% of their plastic waste into kerbside bin collections, I don''t think that many realise that council recycling facilities stress that only CLEAN plastics will be recycled. Throwing a ready meal tray which still has traces of food around the side for example means it ends up in landfill. Councils need to make this clearer - and any other restrictions - do tins need to be clean, what about the paper wrapping or labels on glass jars?

Tesco unveils climate manifesto to assist net-zero target

They - and all retailers - could start by demanding clear carbon-footprint labelling on every product. And stop selling baby air-freighted veg and flowers [3 tons CO2 per ton of freight]

Ground broken at biomethane refuelling station in first for Scotland

Very interesting and one to watch

Covid-19 sees carbon emissions fall 10% in 2020 as UK nears half-way mark to net-zero

On the subject raised a little earlier of UK-driven emissions outside the UK, good point! For many days in March so far we have imported electricity from Ireland, a proportion of which is still generated by burning peat. Why are we still OK with that? (This question particularly applies to those people who think that through some magical process they get 100% carbon free green electricity from the National Grid via their supplier, even though they get the same as the rest of us.)

Covid-19 sees carbon emissions fall 10% in 2020 as UK nears half-way mark to net-zero

This "light" interpretation of a report is presumably designed to make us all feel that "we''re getting there", when in fact we aren''t. Let me give you an example. It is true that between 10 April and 12 August 2020 (late spring into summer) no coal was burnt. Very little is at that time of year. In 2020 - with a pandemic - we needed even less than usual. Coal is, after all, there to fill the gaps caused by wind lulls when gas can''t cope with the deficit on its own, which is much less likely at that time of the year, especially with pandemic restrictions. But now in 2021 - in late winter when we normally do need to burn coal - from 1 Jan to 28 Feb there were only 2 days when we didn''t burn coal. And during w/c 1 March 2021 coal generated more electricity than all onshore and offshore wind combined for about 40% of the week. Looking at averages doesn''t reveal the underlying issue, which is intermittency of supply. The amount of electricity generated from wind has increased, but when the wind isn''t blowing we still use gas (and sometimes coal) to fill the gap. Wind cannot fill the gap if it isn''t blowing - which is what caused the gap in the first place. (You can check the figures with Elexon/BMReports).

Covid-19 sees carbon emissions fall 10% in 2020 as UK nears half-way mark to net-zero

This "light" interpretation of a report is presumably designed to make us all feel that "we''re getting there", when in fact we aren''t. Let me give you an example. It is true that between 10 April and 12 August 2020 (late spring into summer) no coal was burnt. Very little is at that time of year. In 2020 - with a pandemic - we needed even less than usual. Coal is, after all, there to fill the gaps caused by wind lulls when gas can''t cope with the deficit on its own, which is much less likely at that time of the year, especially with pandemic restrictions. But now in 2021 - in late winter when we normally do need to burn coal - from 1 Jan to 28 Feb there were only 2 days when we didn''t burn coal. And during w/c 1 March 2021 coal generated more electricity than all onshore and offshore wind combined for about 40% of the week. Looking at averages doesn''t reveal the underlying issue, which is intermittency of supply. The amount of electricity generated from wind has increased, but when the wind isn''t blowing we still use gas (and sometimes coal) to fill the gap. Wind cannot fill the gap if it isn''t blowing - which is what caused the gap in the first place. (You can check the figures with Elexon/BMReports).

Covid-19 sees carbon emissions fall 10% in 2020 as UK nears half-way mark to net-zero

... and what happened to UK-driven emissions outside the UK? Not counted in the deceitful ''net zero'' numbers. Before COVID these were 200mTpa, 25% of total, and growing 3%/year.

'Climate Transition Action Plan': Unilever puts net-zero roadmap to shareholder vote

The Unilever Climate Transition Action Plan is a fascinating document and contains some really good ideas and information. My main criticism is that it puts everything in terms of percentage reductions, and doesn''t give a feeling for absolute values anywhere.

Tomorrow at 1pm: edie's circular economy sessions with Ikea, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, LWARB a

@Philip all registrants for this event will be given access to the recordings to watch back on-demand, so you won''t miss out! Thanks, Luke

Tomorrow at 1pm: edie's circular economy sessions with Ikea, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, LWARB a

Thanks & though this looks like a key event, I''m already booked for another over the same time frame. Please let me know of where I might see/hear a record of the proceedings. Thanks again Philip Jordan

Recycling gap: Most Brits claim they recycle plastic at home, so why aren't rates improving?

Again I will point out the German system. having lived in UK and Germany, it certainly is effective easy to use. The key is to not think "plastic" think "packaging". 1. Every Household in the country gets a free yellow bin as big as you need which enables small businesses to participate. This is for packaging only. Mental test "Does anything come in it?" not "Does it belongs in recycling bin check the following chart for this local authority". 2. A small fee is levied on every piece of packaging sold in Germany which pays for the universal collection and recycling of packaging. Reduce your packaging - save money. Use easy to recycle packaging like cardboard - save money. Want to introduce a new crazy type of packaging that is attractive to consumers. Absolutely fine just create the recycling infrastructure first. 3. Give local authorities a break. They don''t design the packaging. They must dispose of any type and quantity the industry presses into the consumers hands. 4. Let the market operate. If the value of your packaging waste falls it means there is a glut. The fee charged will automatically rise so it might be time to change or reduce packaging. 5. The fees are easy to collect. Just like a VAT form. If your business software doesn''t give you the total number of all the items you sell you need a different package. It only affects manufacturers and importers. Resellers are unaffected. Small businesses like butchers and bakers just buy bags they use with levies prepaid. 6. Results. Every address in the country from cities to remote islands gets all their packaging waste collected and treated the same. Local Authorities are freed from all the work in coming up with their own plastics recycling. There is a real incentive for manufacturers to make packaging as small and as easy to recycle as possible. No packaging type needs to be banned. If is is "good" it is cheap to use. If difficult it is expensive. 7. This simple elegant solution (25 years old) gives Germany its legendary status. Over the same time the UK is inundated with articles such as this one. "Why oh why is recycling in the UK so poor". Germany has the data and the experience, big players like Unilever know the score and wont break sweat, small businesses can gain, many like restaurants, can escape commercial waste collection completely. The UK just continues as we always have done and will never improve substantially and will probably look at incineration as the way out.

Recycling gap: Most Brits claim they recycle plastic at home, so why aren't rates improving?

We used to put all used soup, yoghurt, fruit, etc plastic containers into our recycling. Then we discovered that our local authority only accepts plastic bottles - no other plastic waste. They say that they have no facility to process plastic waste (other than bottles) or there is no demand for the recycled product. I''m surprised that the DEFRA recycling figures are as high as they are, on that basis!

Recycling gap: Most Brits claim they recycle plastic at home, so why aren't rates improving?

Surveys like this should test for "wishcycling", i.e. determine if people actually know what plastic is recyclable by their local council / recycling facility and the instructions for collection. For example if the plastic is placed in a black bin bag it will be moved to waste even if it is full of recyclables. What is recycled should be more transparently publicised and packaging should be single type plastic with no print inks, etc to make it easier to recycle.

Government commits £560m to decarbonise housing

How do we access this in Scotland?

Daily Climate Show: Sky to launch dedicated climate news programme

This is amazing news!!

World Water Day: Prince Charles launches climate finance drive as businesses boost stewardship effor

All this is needed before we start using copious amounts of precious water for the electrolytic production of hydrogen..!!

World Water Day: Prince Charles launches climate finance drive as businesses boost stewardship effor

''Water Wells For Africa'' says that each water well dug produces enough water for 2,000 people , it also quadruples food production, brings the Birth Rate down to Western Levels within three months (known as the Buxton Gap), and the green circles around the water wells can be seen from space. Women, who do the work of getting most of the water, are saved from a laborious and dangerous job. I am sure many reading this will remember the true story of a woman from Ethipia on May 19th, 2000, Letikiros Hailu, committing suicide after breaking her only water pot while doing this job on behalf of her family. A water well was dug by the Oxfam Charity in the area where Letikiros Hailu had lived when the story became public knowledge. My great grandfather had several water wells dug in the Middle East as part of a failed project to provide food, and peace in the the region. He failed because his water wells were dry. I since found that there are 41 geological reasons why water does not necessarily run into the water wells, and found that they were all cured with a time bomb placed in the newly dug well, this breaks up hardened soil, and allows water to flow. This was subsequently done to my great-grandfather''s wells, and they produced water (and hopefully some peace) in the region.

Salesforce plants 10 million trees as VW ups EV targets: The sustainability success stories of the w

Have any arrangements been made for the generation of the additional electric power needed for the forthcoming plethora of electric vehicles? If gas turbines are used in the power stations, CO2 will still be a major byproduct In the UK we do not have major hydro power, or consistent wind. Nuclear is our major clean alternative, but there seems to be little enthusiasm for it. Richard Phillips.

FedEx plans to deliver 'future of aviation' with biofuels drive

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Boris Johnson: Climate and biodiversity will be 'UK's top international priority'

Here in Peterborough UK - Volunteer, working alongside, Companies, groups and individuals have since the early 1990''s created a landscaped inner city wildlife haven with ponds and waterfalls, restored and repurposed Victorian bridges and aqueducts! So much has been repurpose and reused - that the volunteers were elected Champion''s of Peterborough''s Circular Economy initiative! ''Champion''s of Reuse, Repurpose and Share''! They also won the ''Queen''s Award for Voluntary Service'' and one of the pioneers Brian Pearce an MBE!

'Systematic climate approach': Swiss Re plots global coal phase-out by 2040

All very well, but no word upon how this grand decarbonisation is to be achieved. Just how, please somebody! Energy generators, equal in capacity to the energy dissipated by carbon fuels will be needed. Renewables will not do it, Nature has the all controlling hand here. Does the green lobby still oppose nuclear energy, or is there a new sense of reality here? Richard Phillips

Coventry unveils plans to host battery Gigafactory by 2025

*There seems to be a blithe concept that there is a bottomless supply of lithium for the batteries. I assume that this is correct is correct, unless another system has been devised. But world supplies of lithium are not abundant, I have seen a figure some 17,000 tonnes, can anybody comment. It also seems to be assumed that electricity generation be adequate to replace the fossil fuel.. And renewable at that. The latter sources are all totally our control, nature is the ruler here. Our only controllable, carbon free electricity is from nuclear sources, and I see no rush to build a whole new fleet, just a bit. There is a lot of wishful thinking on the of HMG and the golden hearted green lobby. Ah, me Richard Phillips

Mace Group to use hydrogen generators at construction sites

That''s all very well, but the hydrogen used has to be produced using clean energy in the first place otherwise you''re simply moving the problem not dealing with it.

Retrofit revolution can cut emissions and deliver ?7.5bn energy savings for UK

At what cost to me, a homeowner? Retrofitting any form of "heat pump" to my home will involve ripping up floorboards and tearing down walls to completely replace all the microbore heating pipes that supply my radiators with hot water not to mention the complete replacement of all my radiators which need to be 50% bigger to maintain the same level of heating that my current wet central heating system provides. And there''s no guarantee any "low carbon" heating system will save me money or keep my home warm. I have numerous accounts of people paying 3 or 4 times as run an Air Source Heat Pump and even those who have had them ripped back out and an oil boiler put back in as the ASHP simply could not heat their home properly. Forget retrofitting for now and concentrate on making all new homes zero carbon with proper quality controlled building standards and insulation levels. Then work on improving the insulation and energy efficiency of older homes while researching and developing a fit for purpose low carbon alternative to replace oil and gas boilers without having to rip out perfectly serviceable wet heating systems

Could anaerobic digestion power phones of the future?

Yes Edie. The idea of generating power through Anaerobic digestion looks fantastic. Anaerobic digestion has been rising as a sustainable resource in the international context, and it has the potential to be a long-term, cost-effective solution for wastewater management.

Dixons Carphone plots path to net-zero supply chain emissions

Another initiative that can help companies in a supply chain reduce their emissions is the new international standard ISO 50009, Energy management systems Guidance for implementing a common energy management system in multiple organizations. Although it''s focused on energy, it addresses the major source of emissions for most supply chain companies.

LED retrofit reduces energy use by 21% for South Western Railway

Imagine what SWR (and other companies) could achieve by installing solar panels on all the roof acreage they have in the stations? Now that would be something to shout from the rooftops

FedEx plans to deliver 'future of aviation' with biofuels drive

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Tesco to roll out UK-wide flexible plastic recycling scheme

A good initiative! Thanks, J C Robertson FRCP

Tesco to roll out UK-wide flexible plastic recycling scheme

A good initiative! Thanks, J C Robertson FRCP

Government confirms 2030 ban on petrol and diesel cars, unveils ?20m electric vehicle package

A great deal of talk about decarbonising , but where is all the energy coming from to fill the gap?? Renewable energy is all from natural sources, over which we have no control, the wind cannot read! The only exception is nuclear, and there seems to be little enthusiasm for that to be our main source of energy in spite of our ownership of over 100 tonnes of plutonium, which could provide, as I understand it, all out electricity for a matter of more than a century. The provenance of a plethora of suggestions for power generation comes from sources in which I have been able discern no scientific basis. My own provenance is in chemistry and general physical science (35 years at AERE Harwell). So what is our future non carbon strategy, undoubtedly still electricity, but a great deal of it will be needed to replace fossil fuels. Any answers.?? Richard Phillips

Report: UK needs to install five times as many EV charging points to meet climate goals

Keiron, we will not need 5 times the energy generation capacity for a couple of reasons. 1. The amount of electricity required to refine oil is very large. Stop refining oil and this existing electricity is available to charge cars. The electricity required to refine enough petrol/diesel to drive 100 miles will enable an ev to drive 50 miles. 2. There is generation capacity to meet the early evening peak but around midnight the demand is about 60% of that and so generators are simply switched off until morning when demand grows. Most Evs are charged overnight, precisely when the generators are lying idle. So just keep them running . Good for the grid, good for generators. Everybody in electrical supply are more than happy about this. Once Lithium and the rest have been mined, they are about 95% recyclable so can be used time and time again. Also the ev world is working on reducing these metal. Check out Elon Musk''s battery day presentation. The excitement is with delivery at the moment and there is no going back. Ev''s fit delivery perfectly and are much cheaper to run

Tesco to roll out UK-wide flexible plastic recycling scheme

Initiatives like this are getting getting tantalisingly close to the German packaging system where about 25 years ago German Industry was forced, very much against their will, to take back and recycle packaging waste. To avoid massive in store storage and sorting problems, industry got together to provide a universal no cost used packaging collection for every household in parallel to the local authority collection. This is funded by a small levy on each and every piece of packaging depending on the amount and recyclability of the packaging. A stunning success. A yellow bin for every house for free. UK companies are all showing a willingness and making a big effort to do their own thing. Enough, get together, this government will never have the imagination to do anything like this but if all the retailers got together to provide ONE solution for everybody we could get the same results as Germany and that would be massive progress and bypass government completely. Tesco collecting a few crisp packets isn''t going to save the world.

Unilever Beauty & Personal Care targets 1.5 million hectares of nature conservation by 2030

GREENWASH .... AGAIN. Unilever plastic packaging kills many more animals and habitats than any ambition to improve it. This is Greenwash at its worse. Unilver aims to increase the use of chemicals to improve physical beauty whilst around us the world perishes. Nah ... not buying it Unilever. Gross Greenwash.