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Energy storage: UK set for new battery research centre with Government funding

"power the automotive and energy revolution where, already, the UK is leading the world," I missed this news. Is it the UK Gigafactory or the plethora of British car companies sweeping the world with EV innovation. Many years ago I lived in Germany and bought a car (VW) with a catalytic converter. On a trip home I had a map with 30 petrol stations that sold unleaded petrol. I can remember Nicolas Ridley , then environment minister, saying that the UK led the world in adoption of lead free petrol. Why are these people never challenged

'Vote of confidence' for industrial strategy as BMW plans to build electric Mini in UK

It is only "low carbon" if it never, ever uses any electricity generated from fossil fuels or timber. And the owners of these E-variants should also remember the amount of energy needed to actually build them, to mine the elements that make up the battery, the electric cables and the oil that goes to make the insulation on said cables. Sorry but electric vehicles are not clean, green or low carbon when you add everything up accurately

Kerbside drink carton collections up 16-fold in decade

Are there any figures on the amount of post use cartons actually being collected by local authorities?

Energy storage: UK set for new battery research centre with Government funding

We are focussing on a single technology, which relies on a chemical process. These chemicals come from digging massive holes in the ground but that''s OK as it happens hundreds of miles away from us so we don''t have to see it or deal with it. But millions of people are blighted by the West''s demand for Lithium, Rare Earth Elements and other exotic minerals. Batteries are not green and probably not that sustainable either. They are a short term stop gap but we seem to be putting all our energy eggs in the one basket. Instead of a single energy storage system we should be looking at every storage option equally including expanding our Pumped Storage Hydro capacity but adding Compressed Air, Cryogenic and others as well as developing generation systems that provide a steady, consistent and reliable supply instead of the variable set up we are heading for with Wind and Solar.

Kerbside drink carton collections up 16-fold in decade

I''ve always wondered if one is supposed to separate all plastic before putting these in the recycling (i.e. rip off the spout).

The truth about sustainable seafood - The SRA blog

Fabulous to see this initiative launched. It''s a topic close to my heart! At PwC, we work with Baxter Storey on our in-house catering and they avoid fish on the MSC red list in line with your recommendations. In fact, this week, in celebration of National Marine Week, we are running a ''Plenty more fish'' campaign in all our UK offices to promote awareness of sustainable fish - with fish bars where our people can try new varieties, and distributing the Good Fish Guide to encourage staff to check the status of fish they choose for home or at restaurants outside the office, too.

Michael Gove vows to implement 'gold standard' policies as part of a green Brexit

Not a word in Gove''s long speech about energy. Will he enforce the 2012 Health and Social Care Act requirement to protect the public from exposure to nuclear radiation sea, land and air pollution? This means ruling out Hinkley C and any new nuclear in the UK, a zero emissions policy for all waste and decommissioning contracts, an immediate shut down of all the AGR reactors before they become the next preventable nuclear disaster due to progressive structural degradation.

Skills gap concerns cloud UK's position in the 'global technology race'

Thank you for this useful article! As a student, I usually look for useful and handy articles. Recently, I found out an article with top reviewing websites for students, who are looking for essay or CV writers. occupied leadership positions and I have already ordered essay from one of these websites. I used to have unsertain attitude to professional essay writers but it changed :)

Aldi to install 96,000 solar panels across UK stores this year

Excellent news - why don''t more of our large companies and sports clubs do the same?

Decentralised energy will revolutionise sustainable business, claims Mongoose Energy boss

Localized electricity generation will also eliminate the massive losses incurred from huge central power stations transmitting at very high voltage over long distances - sometimes as much as 33% of a station''s output is lost this way due to cable discharge.

Should energy-intensive businesses be exempt from renewable energy costs?

Why should industry that has already invested in renewable or alternative power supplies - such as the aluminium works in Fort William that has been hydro powered since it was built - be forced to pay extra for their already renewable power supply?

Building support for bioenergy in the new political climate - The Clearfleau blog

Richard, there has been some negative press recently about anaerobic digestion due to effluent leaks. I''m interested to know how your company manages the waste products from AD and if this waste product could, itself, be someone else''s raw material or chemical feedstock. As it happens I am a supporter of bio-power from waste products rather than from virgin sources so it is of interest that you work with whisky distillers to use the leftovers as a fuel source. Makes my favourite tipple a little nicer :-)

World Water Day: Why tackling flooding remains a sustainability priority - The Z Zurich Foundation b

Good to read the information. Very informative post!

Decentralised energy will revolutionise sustainable business, claims Mongoose Energy boss

Back to the 1920s, all electrical generation was local. It was made into a national coherent system by the 1926 Act. Business first, electricity efficiency and security second. Alas Richard Phillips

UK leads the way on emissions reductions, despite overall increase across the EU

Hi Matt, Thank you for the interesting view. Allow me to add a few more points which are important to put your observations into context. As you are probably aware, the UK is the only country in the EU that has a domestic CO2 Carbon Support Price ( GBP 18) which is levied atop the cost of the European carbon permits, which are required for the power sector to be able to emit CO2. In other words - nowehere in Europe is the cost of CO2 emissions as high as in the UK, which naturally penalized coal fired power production in favour of gas. The result is - indeed - a highly efffective decarbonization of the UK''s power sector. Sadly, the CO2 reductions in the UK constitute a pyrrhic environmental victory. As stated, power plants and major industrial emitters in Europe are only allowed to emit CO2 if they can submit a matching number of CO2 permits issued as part of the EU emission trading scheme. As long as the UK does not reduce its quota of emission permits (supply), it "exports" the unused part of its quota to other European countries via the centralized carbon permit auction platform. The reduction of emissions in the UK will create more unsused carbon permits, i.e. oversupply, which will only lead to lower prices of CO2 permits in the rest of Europe, with the result that carbon permits will then be bought by other emitters and burned there instead of in the UK. If not this year, then next year or the year after. Every permit is valid until 2050. This means that ultimately and over time it is the total number of CO2 permits in circulation that will determine CO2 emissions from the power and industrial sectors. By reducing CO2 emissions without an equivalent reduction in CO2 permit supply, countries simply export their quota to other countries. Closing a coal fired plant or building new wind power plants, for instance, does not reduce emissions unless the matching quota is taken off the system as well. The OECD described the effect already in 2011: For example, if country A spends 100 million to subsidise the building of wind turbines to (partly) replace coal-fired power plants, this would certainly cause a reduction in CO2 emissions related to electricity generation in that country. This decrease in emissions would lower the demand of emission allowances in the EU ETS, causing the prices of these allowances to decrease and making it feasible for other firms covered by the system to emit more CO2. As long as the value of an emission allowance is positive, one or more of the other firms covered by the ETS will increase their emissions until the room under the cap is eliminated. If country A really wanted to achieve a reduction in CO2 emissions at an EU (or global) level, it would be more effective to spend the 100 million buying up emission allowances in the market and then never use them. That would guarantee a decrease in total emissions because, in effect, the cap on total emissions would be reduced (OECD (2011), Interactions Between Emission Trading Systems and Other Overlapping Policy Instruments ( emission-trading-systems-and-other-overlapping-policy-instruments_5k97gk44c6vf-en) A recent report by Pyory supports these findings: " On the one hand, efficiency and renewable initiatives that reduce emissions directly add to the allowance surplus and soften the carbon price. On the other side, an ETS cap that does not change when real-world emissions are lowered weakens the case for efficiency and renewables policies, since doing them well doesn t necessarily yield more progress towards the lower cap that is also needed to meet Europe s 2050 targets and Paris commitments. P yry (June 2017), Managing the policy interaction with the EU ETS The lack of holistic and synchronized policy making between members states is economically inefficient. One could argue that subsidizing the expansion of renewable energy (reducing demand for CO2 permits) creates oversupply which lowers CO2 prices. Supply side measures, as suggested by the OECD, would make more sense to truly curb emission in Europe. The Swedish government is the only EU member state that has embraced this: The Swedish government has started a program to purchase and cancel carbon permits worth EUR 30m per year. pressure-on-the-eu-due-to-new-swedish-eu-ets-policy/ At current prices of around 5 per carbon permit the program would reduce permit supply by 6m tCO per year. This relatively small 30m investment generates the same amount of annual CO reductions as Netherland s entire installed wind power capacity (3,500MW). An expert commission of the German government also recommended to rather purchase and cancel allowances and count this towards Gwermany''s climate targets than to pursue myopic domestic CO2 targets and ignore the "leakage" effect which would render them useless. In Europe, emission reduction investments are important to drive the low carbon and energy transition. However, as long as this is not synchronized with the carbon market, their effect on the environment is almost neutralized. Governments should follow the Swedish example and the German and OECD''s recommendations, otherwise will see an environmental zero sum game.

Political barriers hampering onsite biodiesel production

Hi Tom, Thanks for comment, we've updated and clarified that it is biodiesel that is subjected to the 57p duty. We''ve reached out to Wyke Farms to clarify the type of fuel they would ideally trial, and how this would correspond as a tax. We should hopefully have an answer soon. Thanks, Matt

Political barriers hampering onsite biodiesel production

Matt, I think your article is potentially misleading as you state that biofuel use attracts duty of 57p/L. This is true for biodiesel. Unless someone can confirm otherwise (please do), Wyke Farms would be producing biomethane fuel which attracts a duty of 24.7p/kg as it is >80% methane (section 10.1 in the very same link in the article). This is substantially less than biodiesel duty as it corresponds to approx 19p/L on a diesel energy equivalent basis. Cheers Tom

Brewing for the future: How MillerCoors slashed its water footprint through supplier engagement

Shame they were and are such avid Trump supporters. His presidency is a disaster for the environment.

Retailers urged to seize growing consumer demand for electrical trade-ins

There are many issues at play here, chief among which are: Built in obsolescence Customers desires to have the latest technology Equipment designed to be discarded, not repaired Given that none of the above is likely to change, manufacturers must be forced to ensure that all materials used to construct electrical and electronic equipment can be recycled in a financially viable and environmentally acceptable manner. Take back and re-use schemes are a step in the right direction, but given that this equipment will ultimately be discarded at some point, 100% recycling of all constituent components is the only way to ensure that e-waste is properly dealt with and we are not having to plunder the earth to replace the valuable elements required to manufacture new equipment.

Supply chain management has never been more important - Office Depot's blog

Nigel, if I may build on your excellent article and its observations; for large companies, managing a sustainable supply chain requires a new high level of collaboration between customer and supplier and across the supply-base itself. As research by CDP Supply Chain Initiative has shown, suppliers very often need to be nudged by their customers to make sustainability a priority and then benefit enormously from sharing experience with their peers to understand how to make changes in their operations. Large scale supplier to supplier collaboration unleashes a wisdom of the crowd and accelerates a companies ability to resolve otherwise difficult challenges. However, only digital technology can enable the large scale collaboration that is required across supply chains. We can see how powerful this can be in Asda''s Sustain and Save Exchange, where peer collaboration between 500+ companies is helping to unlock 10s millions of cost cutting opportunities associated with waste, water and energy every year. Our latest development is a new digital collaboration platform, launched in March of this year. is a single platform for multiple retailers, brands and their manufacturing suppliers to come together to collaborate cross supply-chain to cut costs, risk and impacts. It has been launched with the Co-op and its food supply chain, with Mars, William Jackson Food Group, npower and more recently Johnson and Johnson. The collective know-how that is already being convened from amongst their hundreds of engineers and HSE managers has the potential to accelerate significantly resource efficiency amongst participating companies. We are sufficiently in awe of their collective capability and technology''s ability to enable large scale sharing of data, knowledge and collaboration that we have set an ambition for the platform to enable any company that chooses to have access to the knowledge and experience required to half their resource use intensity over a 10 year period. Supply chain sustainability is indeed the new frontier, but we will only make it happen if we learn to use technology to collaborate at scale. Martin Chilcott is Founder and CEO of 2degrees, the leading collaboration platform provider for sustainable business

What if? An innovative outlook on the environment - The BITC blog

And what if we looked to Nature to provide inspiration for new solutions to current and future challenges? With around 4 billion years of R&D, Nature has worked out what works, what lasts and what is beautiful. The website is a very good starting off point. I trust the Festival is a great success.

Biofuels needed but some more polluting than fossil fuels, report warns

There needs to be a considered approach to which fuels offer the best environmental solution .I the instance of fossil fuels there is a distinct absence of reporting or analysis on the subject of impairment costs and the effective subsidy paid t support fossil fuels by Governments via the tax payer .On the basis of an LCA and the effective costs on, say, human human health virtually any "bio " based fuels offer a discernible benefit - i,e the true costs are identified and then compared . The same situation for electric vehicles - issues of how the power ( coal etc) is generated and the cost of end of life disposal of batteries.etc . Regardless of the urgent need to address climate change the debate in resect of impairments costs also warrants immediate attention as economies slow but costs inevitable rise , RJL

Rise of EVs could add 18GW to peak demand by 2050

@Roger - thing is the "petrol" fraction is not just fuel for infernal combustion but one of the more useful petrochemical feedstocks. By not burning it we will have more of it available for longer and be able to have a "sustainable" petrochemical industry. Only about 45% of a barrel of oil goes to transportation (including lorries, buses, trains and shipping as well as cars) at present so the majority of a barrel already is used for petrochemicals. As for the tax question I am sure they will come up with an insanely complex system that no one understands. The obvious way is to tax the "fuel" itself. Perhaps a sliding scale so the first x units of electricity is deemed domestic and taxed at the current 5% then anything above this is taxed at a higher rate. If you use a lot of electricity then perhaps even a super rate. Charging at a charge station in town would be subject to VAT I am sure. But shush don''t want to give them any ideas :-)

Rise of EVs could add 18GW to peak demand by 2050

Keiron, Absolutely agree with you but I feel that here will be a reduction as less petrol will be refined. The question now is how are future governments going to tax the use of EVs as they surely will

Rise of EVs could add 18GW to peak demand by 2050

@Roger - with all the will in the world we will still be refining crude into various petroleum products for years and years to come. Imagine a world without the thousands of petrochemical based products we all take for granted. So I don''t see there being any reduction in electricity use for refining just because electric vehicles become the norm. Still need something to insulate the copper cables in the EV which is most likely to be a petrochemical plastic.

Rise of EVs could add 18GW to peak demand by 2050

It seems pretty clear that price incentives plus smart technologies can easily achieve the two degree model. If we had a sensible night time tariff like the rest of Europe we would all be used to running stuff overnight. Also does this study take into account the reduction in the use of electricity used for refining oil which is quite considerable

Consumers 'misled' on green benefits of lightweight car engines

Hi Michael, In response to your query about whether the use of recycled aluminium would have affected the research findings. The aluminium industry has claimed that the highest energy consumption occurs during the production of virgin aluminium from ore and that cylinder block production primarily uses recycled aluminium. The Cranfield study took this into account, adopting the best-case scenario for aluminium via infinite recycling. Hope that helps to clear things up. Thanks, George

Consumers 'misled' on green benefits of lightweight car engines

Perhaps some manufacturers are using re-cycled aluminium or the 30% not created with fossil fuels. Would that affect the conclusion? 3D printing may also improve the energy used. There are many benefits to aluminium that go beyond energy and also have value. It is interesting though that weight is not seen to be particularly significant until high mileages are achieved. Given the weight of batteries that may be a good thing for EVs. I would hope that we would develop other lightweight and energy-efficient material solutions such as carbon fibre/ceramic/steel/aluminium composites than revert to cast iron for IC engines.

Consumers 'misled' on green benefits of lightweight car engines

Gosh, never thought to take a magnet with me when selecting a new car. The report might make more sense if it looked at electric vehicle construction as that is probably far higher on embodied CO given the exotic materials and construction methods (and deconstruction costs). This will clearly be an important consideration when I replace my 364000km car.

Rise of EVs could add 18GW to peak demand by 2050

And where is this extra electricity going to come from? And more importantly reliably come from? There''s no way wind turbines alone will provide this and batteries alone will not smooth out the variability in "renewable" generation. Time to seriously invest in proper energy storage solutions rather than pie in the sky belief in battery technology and to invest in other, smoother renewable generation such as hydro, river flow and tidal stream.

Coca-Cola bottler vows to 'reform' Britain's recycling system with new packaging strategy

Why not phase out plastic bottles and reintroduce money back on glass?

ISO 16745: First global standard for measuring carbon footprint of buildings

measured energy use is basis for method of calculation. How is ''measured energy'' qualified & verified in the first palce?

'Aggressive adoption' will see EVs account for majority of new cars sales by 2040

Roger I am always suspicious of the word "efficiency" . 4 to 5 times seems rather high. If thermodynamic efficiency is considered, on the Carnot cycle, no power station looks very good. In the final analysis, the KWs have to delivered to the wheels. Nuclear generation for recharging would fill the bill, as it must be available on demand. For the car battery to be used by the grid, it may or may not be fully charged ready for use when wanted; not my car. Richard

'Aggressive adoption' will see EVs account for majority of new cars sales by 2040

Tony, You have to compare the electricity generation cycle and then compare it with the efficiency of the fossil fuel cycle. I recently came across an interesting idea. It is easier to transport electrons (cable) than atoms (pipes) We haven''t even touched on air quality

'Aggressive adoption' will see EVs account for majority of new cars sales by 2040

Richard, The electric motor is 4 - 5 times as efficient as an internal combustion engine and also refining oil takes a huge amount of electrical power. Elon Musk has claimed that if the whole fleet was electric it could be powered by the savings from not refining oil. In any case it will be significantly lower. If you look at today s UK demand last nights low was about 22 GW and today s high is about 37GW. The grid are adept at switching generators off and on. Apparently in New York a third of the generation capacity is only used for 6% of the time. Most EV users charge at night so increasing the night time demand is a very good thing. Also the grid are looking at using EV batteries (under their control and payment to the owner) to stabilise and smooth the grid. Not a fantasy, the technology is already here. With all these very significant advantages. It really is hard to see how adoption will not be faster

'Aggressive adoption' will see EVs account for majority of new cars sales by 2040

Surely with centralised generation producing electricity at an efficiency of 35% max how can this assist climate change unless there is a significant rethink on security and much more efficient production of electricity. We are now in a situation where when domestic demand is high enough the utilities will pay big users to shut down their plants. It''s just about as crazy as paying windfarm operators not to generate because the transmission system can''t cope. When are we going to see some sensible decisions coming out of Governments?????

'Aggressive adoption' will see EVs account for majority of new cars sales by 2040

As and when, and the commercial ambition is in place, the expansion of EPVs reaches significant proportions of the UK car fleet, where will the power come from that will provided at all the plug-in points? At the present moment the nuclear programme is in some trouble, financial not technical, although the Hinckley Point system is still unproven. The intermittency of renewables rules them out, and any sort of energy storage is totally unrealistic for the foreseeable future. Any build of CCGT plant is not commercially attractive, and in any case the antifracking brigade are inhibiting production of our own natural gas resources. It all seems to be something of a dog''s dinner. Richard Phillips

#BreakFreeFromPlastic: Yes we can (recycle plastic bags) - The Clear Public Space blog

Hi Luke It would be good to write a blog on this subject. There are several obstacles to progress, but there are also a range of solutions to dealing with plastic waste of all sorts out there. Iain

'Aggressive adoption' will see EVs account for majority of new cars sales by 2040

This is in 20 years time. I cannot believe that this is not going to happen much much faster. A more expensive EV today is often a better choice and suits the lifestyles of many people who won''t even think about an EV. However when price parity is reached and passed adoption will be rapid

Belfast International Airport solar farm savings soar above ?100,000

This article about Belfast Airport looks to make a complete mistake in its Mathematics on the amount of CO2 tons saved The example they give is that they saved 100,000 UK Sterling in 10 months on fuel saving on this 5 million UK Sterling investment over 25 years No dispute with this the bean counters can tell you if this is a good saving to investment ratio . The problem comes from the statement " is also set to save 2,100 tonnes of carbon emissions each year " The math''s on CO2 is one ton of carbon makes 3.87 tons of CO2 and one ton of oil a mix of carbon and Hydrogen makes about ~2.3 to ~2.7 tons of CO2 Asuming that 100,000 sterling can buy oil at 50 cents a liter ( best case 60 cents is more likely ) that makes ~200,000 liters or about ~180 tons for ten months .To get annul figure we can say about ~ 200 tons of fuel per year for first year of solar farm for Belfast airport . Then if we say each ton of oil made ~3 tons of CO2 to simplify math we arrive with 600 tons of CO2 emissions saved in the first year. So the question is how does some 600 tons of CO2 become with magic math 2100 tons of CO2 .Is the solar plant going to double in size and double it power output or is there some other magic in the math''s that I cant figure out or did i get some sort of Math''s wrong like July august will with some massive increase in solar power more than quadruple the power outputs. The solar and wind power energy world is full of these type of compare apples to oranges math''s that makes it difficult to see if these power sources are really giving us any useful saving in costs over oil gas or other forms of power . Any takers on wanting to explain these magic math''s they got in Belfast airport

UK property owners save ?16m in energy costs over five-year period

Has the energy saving included thermal cladding that could be scrutinised following the recent findings in the Public Sector?

Sustainability will distinguish leading businesses in next decade, survey finds

The societal concern about sustainability has grown from almost nothing in the early 1990s to a dominant theme today. Now, leaders of major corporations worldwide are increasingly facing the challenge of managing organisations that meet the expectations of a broad range of stakeholders while still delivering a return to shareholders. As a result, sustainability is now an essential ingredient for a company''s long-term success. More and more research shows that companies that manage their environmental and social performance have superior financial performance and actually create more value for their shareholders. They do this by attracting and keeping better and more committed employees and have more loyal customers. As societal expectations for responsible environmental and social practices by companies continue to increase, the performance advantage of high-sustainability companies will increase too, because they will be contributing to a sustainable society. Failure to have a culture of sustainability or to operate sustainably, is quickly becoming a source of competitive disadvantage. The argument about the value of sustainability is over. It is the key to creating value for shareholders and all other stakeholders over the long term, thus ensuring the sustainability of the company itself.

Three dilemmas for sustainable Innovation - The sustainable innovation blog

Dear Chris... not sure I get it... what do you mean? i suggest also we meet/connect see anne-france kennedy

Volvo pushes for an entire electric and hybrid portfolio by 2019

I wonder if this is the right way to go. It strikes me that we have lost sight of what personal transportation is about. Over-powerful, over-sized cars laden with technology that can only be managed by specialised facilities yet sits in a car park for 95% of their life seems a proposition too far for economic private car ownership. Once autonomous driving is resolved I suspect car ownership will tumble and for the odd weekend away a short term rental would suffice. If all cars within the M25 were limited to 80bhp and 1000kg, pollution would plummet overnight. It would be a sad day for motoring enthusiasts though and the impact on tax generation (which is what motoring is all about) would be enormous.

#BreakFreeFromPlastic: Yes we can (recycle plastic bags) - The Clear Public Space blog

Iain, your point is correct. My feeling at this point (before researching) is that it is a combination of technology and government action (and overcoming the insincere and deliberate (?) negativity of the BBIA!). Shall we -CPSL- write a blog on this subject / with this question? We haven''t time (resources) right now, but we might find time over August, when our new re-vamped website is running, amongst other things.

Price tag for Hinkley Point C swells by ?1.5bn

The extra 1.5 billion is just for Hinkley C construction. If the government are really stupid enough not to cancel it, they are going to charge taxpayers more than 30billion over its claimed 30 year lifetime; never mind the astronomical costs of waste and decommissioning which they have no idea how to manage. Above all, there can be no nuclear build in the UK because it could not comply with the 2012 Health and Social Care Act requirement to protect the public from exposure to nuclear radiation. Nuclear power cannot function without killing people.

#BreakFreeFromPlastic: Yes we can (recycle plastic bags) - The Clear Public Space blog

Very interesting. With plastic pots, tubs and trays now being more widely collected, plastic films are the last big area to work on. Retailers and brands can work to align more with the materials that have the most value to recyclers, increasing viability, but there will always be more technical films that will be downcycled or incinerated. The big question that this doesn''t answer is how do we increase the number of UK local authorities collecting film for recycling, and how do we widen it to include the almost ubiquitous, and very valuable, polypropylene?

Retailer set to become the UK's largest fridge recycler

The main thrust here should be recycling, not refurb/re-use, to eliminate any future safety / fire risk.

From 'reducing' to 'reversing': How can business leaders win the war on carbon?

You can not wage war on the essential element of life on this planet.

UK's biomass ambition: Low-cost solution or forest full of loopholes?

"forests act as a carbon sink" Not all forests. Fire-prone forests are more rigorously carbon neutral and considerably more polluting than the best biomass-burning power stations with modern emission control technology so let''s source from those fire-prone forests for the ultimate in carbon-neutral biomass power. My recently extended computer modelling of a wind power, pumped-storage hydro and back-up generators system predicts the following relationships between system features. Table of wind, pumped-storage & back-up factors The factors in the table are peak demand power multipliers. Each row triplet describes a possible system configuration for 24/7/52 reliable 100% renewable energy generation* __ Wind power __| _ Storage days __|_ Back-up ______ 7 _______|______ 1.5 _______|____ 0 _____ 5.5 ______|______ 1.1 _______|____ 0.15 ______ 4 ______.|______ 0.7 ______|____ 0.3 _____ 2.7 ______|______ 0.6 ______|____ 0.4 _____ 1.5 ______|______ 0.4 ______|____ 0.5 * Assuming of course that the back-up generation is from renewable energy, such as biomass burning - not diesel, nor natural gas, nor coal nor any fossil fuel. Modelling of wind and pumped-storage power

Report maps UK's 'uncertain' energy landscape post-Brexit

It may be easier moving to a "Low Net Energy" economy from a UK energy standpoint initially and then look at the EU interface and agree beneficial arrangements for energy security and digital smart communication through a new "Member non member framework agreement that can apply to member state and their neighbours.

UK primed to lead Europe's £46bn wave energy market opportunity

Waves are second-hand wind, but their carrier is far more violent and toxic, and beyond any prospect of control. But Hell, there''s money it!!! Richard Phillips

Greg Clark announces ?109m fund into 'cutting-edge' transport research

It is amazing that there is Funding for Low-carbon transport projects, but even though the Advanced Propulsion Centre UK is aware of my HyPulJet.2.0 Hydrogen Rotary Engine concept it does not get a mention. Why are these people NOT supporting Hydrogen options NOW which will lower the costs of Hydrogen Zero Emissions EVs to the price of existing Petrol Range Extended EVs. Add to all this, the fact that HyPulJet.2.0 will have On Demand Hydrogen fuel production ON BOARD the EV. If this were to be accepted and funding provided there is a 95% chance that it will be successfully working in 2 years time. If the UK is to lead the world with Zero Emissions Transport then there is a NEED to STOP funding step changes in Fossil Fuel Internal Combustion Engines, leaving NO Funding for Zero Emissions alternatives to H2 Fuel Cells. As an example, HyPulJet.2.0 will be a very simple replacement for the petrol engine range extender in the London Taxi Company E.Taxi Why is the London Taxi Company NOT prepared to even look at the details, It is now 5 months since the Advanced Propulsion Centre UK were made aware of the basis of HyPulJet.2.0 We have a signed NDA with Bath University to assess the engine. (HyPulJet.2.0 was assessed in 2016 by Southampton University who found that it was "Plausible") There is potential for Zero innovation but it would appear that it will have to wait for funding for a few years whilst we continue to fund petrol engine developments, which make cuts of 25% in emissions and the rest of the world has overtaken the UK Have these people not got the message yet that we have to STOP burning Fossil Fuels to create energy. These improved petrol engines will be banned in a few short years possible only used on race tracks. The article mentions Natural Methane Gas as being somehow clean, I would suggest these people Google Natural gas and Fracked Natural Methane Gas. At present the only Clean "Fuel" option is hydrogen, accepted that it is an energy carrier and has to be produced. It is absolutely essential that there is acceptance that Hydrogen at filling stations and Fuel Cells in Transport are not working. If Fuel Cells were going to be the answer to the Zero emissions quest then after being on sale for 17 months there should be at least 50 -100 sales to private owners. If these type of numbers have not been reached then it becomes clear that H2 Fuel Cell cars are not marketable to the mass of motoring population. Unfortunately without that being the case H2 FCEVs are not going to make any kind of impact on CO2 emissions. There is a clear need for a low-cost Zero emissions Hydrogen alternative, to expensive Fuel Cells. HyPulJet.2.0 being an engine will be manufactured on existing ICE production lines. It terms of meeting the multi million Zero emissions EVs to make a substantial cut in CO2 emission, this will be essential to change the Global Transport fleet to Zero emissions. Existing Petrol Range Extended EVs which HyPulJet.2.0 would change to Zero emissions with NO Hydrogen filling and No Plug in to the Grid. BMW i3 and i8 GM Volt Nissan e.Note Why are these manufacturers not taking a look at details of an engine which could change these models to Zero emission, with little investment costs and what would be small changes to assembly lines for these models. If anyone reading this would like to support a move to get to True Zero emissions NON Grid EVs then please feel free.

Policy Exchange: Government must act to stem £170bn loss in fuel duty tax receipts

Thanks for the interesting article. It gives somehow quick overview to the energy policy imperatives, the EU government should consider to manage the ongoing transformation to low-carbon economy. Regarding the transportation sector, the question is: what can happened if the EVs in some countries would grow faster than the deployment of renewable electricity generation. In this case, we will charge our EVs from electricity generated in coal-fired power plants (like in China) which is in -the total balance- certainly not cleaner than gasoline. A. Hainoun AIT, Vienna Senior Energy System Analyst

Energy giants back calls to cut financial support for polluting powerplants

Re the last paragraph; so economists are the experts now on the mechanism of a forcing effect, the S factor of climate forcing? May we have a clear definition of what is meant by "pollutants".

Sadiq Khan: Gove must get a grip on 'life and death' air pollution crisis

The Government have committed 2 billion since 2011. From the poor take up something is clearly lacking. In my opinion and what I just expressed on a Linkedin thread to Mr Hicks JLR the Auto industry have failed miserably. Instead of multi million EVs on UK roads the Auto industry has managed 2 million and they make out that it is an excellent milestone. Again as stated to Mr Hicks I am an amateur and I have come up with an innovative Hydrogen Rotary Engine-generator, which would make existing Petrol Range Extender EVs Hydrogen Zero emissions EVs. I am also that madman who thinks that he can also bring about On demand fuel production on board the EV. I would suggest to the Government that they stop handing money out to an Hydrogen project which after 16 months of no sales of H2 FCEVs can be seen as something of a failure. There is a need for AFFORDABLE HYDROGEN ZERO EMISSIONS EVs which do not need to plug into the Grid and Fossil Fuels or to fill at H2 Stations where hydrogen comes from Natural gas or indeed produced using excess electricity in the Grid.(It may well be lower costs but the electricity still has a carbon footprint. Time to throw the problem open to everyone, because the Auto companies are either out of their depth or they are deliberately delaying changing to clean energy or put the right way they are continuing to produce Fossil Fuel burning Internal Combustion engined vehicles. Clearly they could not care less if people are suffering health problems and make out there are no Zero emissions EVs at affordable prices. THEY DO NOT WANT IT TO HAPPEN ANY TIME SOON. Please feel free to post this on to Mayor Khan, HyPulJet.2.0

Sadiq Khan: Gove must get a grip on 'life and death' air pollution crisis

The most lethal air pollution is routinely discharged from all the UK''s nuclear sites. Public Health England must act to enforce the 2012 Health and Social Care Act requirement to protect the public from exposure to nuclear radiation.

In practice: Canary Wharf Group's closed-loop Clean Coffee Zone

Love the idea of coffee logs! Where can they be purchased from? And can it be shared how they are made - compressed coffee grains?

In practice: Canary Wharf Group's closed-loop Clean Coffee Zone

Love the idea of coffee logs! Where can they be purchased from? And can it be shared how they are made - compressed coffee grains?

Tories aim to block full EU ban on bee-harming pesticides

So in that respect, farmers are no different to the finance sector who have no moral compass when it comes to making money or come to that most of commerce in the UK. The UK has become obsessed with making money regardless of the consequence for consumers and the future well being of the country. Short term profit being much more important than long term benefit. Likewise customers always want the cheapest and are quite happy to remain ignorant of the true societal cost of their purchase.

Tories aim to block full EU ban on bee-harming pesticides

It seems to me that as usual, farmers regard food as solely a max profit investment opportunity. Just like growing money.The fact that pesticides may give us all sorts of illness doesn''t seem to be of any importance. .Lets spray everything to make it larger ,fatter and quicker to doesn''t matter what effect it may have on people later in their life. I lived on a farm for a while and was AMAZED how people with NO QUALIFICATIONS were spraying chemicals everywhere on anything that was regarded as not producing money. They seemed to have no interest in the surrounding wild life whatsoever unless they could surround it and shoot at it.

Exxon, BP and Shell back carbon tax proposal to curb emissions

A Confidence trick by these companies to make it look as if they are doing something. Tax the companies trading the Oil and Gas not the people using it. This is a nonesense, the people are going to be paid a dividend great they will all buy into that and Fossil Fuels will still be bunt to provide energy for 70 years. In reality there is no financial penalty to anyone, who is in a position to make a decission to change to clean energy. When there is hydrogen production on demand On board the EV they will complain that it is a danger or some other thing. In fact anything to overcome the fact that they have not done anything about this for 25 years.

Taking pole position on sustainability: how Antarctica changed the way I see business - The DP World

Great article ! I am happy to work in a Company with that clear vision of sustainability.

Why partnerships and scale are the key to a bold sustainable business plan - The Plan A blog


It's time for ACTION: 14 green policy priorities for the new UK Government - Part one

As usual in these plans there is no mention of the potential for new and disruptive innovation and worse still there is no mention of searching out and funding new innovation to Proof of Concept. We are in a War with Carbon and yet there is still disjointed thinking that this only involves Defra, so lets correct this and include the DfT and also the Treasury. This is as serious as Brexit and I am going to say the same, there is a dire need for cross party support, debate and decisions which is being put forward as needing to be in place for the next 25 years. I would like to see Caroline Lucas in the Chair, all that I can see is that Gove had a disastrous result at Education and had he had more time at the MoJ the staff of the Prisons would have been rioting. The only person I can think who would be worse at Defra is Pruit .. D Trumps EPA . Another point, the issue of Global Warming has been well published since the Shell video on the subject. It is quite clear that the methods and processes put in place in an attempt to mitigate the issues have not had anywhere near the desired effect. If this was a Company the investors would have changed the CEO years ago and a few more since. We are not going to put this right by having the same people who got us here supposedly putting things right which means setting a date by which Fossil Fuels are no longer burnt.

It's time for ACTION: 14 green policy priorities for the new UK Government - Part one

Item 5. 40,000 people do not die in the UK every year as a result of air pollution. Yet that figure, as respiratory physician Professor Tony Frew explained has is zombie statistic - however many times you try to kill it, it comes back. And it's simply not true. So what is the truth? The Royal Colleges of Physicians and of Paediatrics and Child Health actually says "40,000 EQUIVALENT lives" are lost each year as a result of all outdoor air pollution - which is actually only a few hours or days each over a population of 65 million. I had always understood that the first rule of journalism is "check your facts and sources". Can we not now put this scaremongering item into the wastepaper basket? It is, however, quite true that air pollution in large towns is much higher than elsewhere, and this needs an economically viable solution; or some initial approach, which must be practical. Richard Phillips

Heathrow expands airline league table to incentivise emissions reductions

Is this the same British Airways that ranked bottom in a 2015 league table for fuel efficiency? (see Actually, the two are not incompatible, as the latter was looking at a quite different metric (passenger-km per litre of fuel), and penalised BA because of its relatively low seat density. But even so, I can''t help wondering if Heathrow''s sudden enthusiasm for all things "green" is connected with the third runway... PS I think it''s a Fly Clean and Quiet league table, not "quite"!

Vertical forests and air-filtering scarfs: Six of the best air quality innovations

Vertical forests are something I have been advocating for ages. Although London is actually a very green city when you see it from the air there are acres of space on rooftops, window ledges, balconies and car parks that can be made verdant. Not only do plants help filter the air they also help lower the ambient temperature making it feel more comfortable. It doesn''t have to be trees or shrubs but any green plant will do. Even a window box full of herbs or a bucket growing potatoes on a patio will make a little difference plus you have fresh herbs for salads as a bonus

National Clean Air Day: The toxic statistics behind the UK's air quality crisis

The most lethal air pollution is routinely discharged from all the UK Nuclear sites. This has been going on since 1965 when the first Magnox nuclear reactors became operational. The UK National Nuclear Policy acknowledged there would be ''public health detriment'' from exposure to poisonous nuclear radiation discharges but Chris Huhne announced that this was ''justified by the benefits of nuclear power''. Numerous published scientific evidence papers are available from the LLRC - Low Level Radiation Campaign, NFLA - Nuclear Free Local Authorities, Stop Hinkley, SW Against Nuclear. When will Public Health England comply with the 2012 Health and Social Care Act requirement to protect the public from exposure to nuclear radiation?

National Clean Air Day: The toxic statistics behind the UK's air quality crisis

Whilst health endangering pollution is cause for concern, surely the air quality in most cities in the UK must be the highest it has ever been since the industrial revolution. Whilst I agree we must strive for continual improvement, rather than constantly berate the authorities for lack of action, should we not occasionally reflect on what has been achieved?

National Clean Air Day: The toxic statistics behind the UK's air quality crisis

Having attended an expert forum as a pre-response to the Government consultative paper in Westminster yesterday it appears that the figures quoted by yourselves versus the figures suggested yesterday are quite different. I would like to understand the source of your data. Further, I have been working on a new innovation which is low cost and available now which mitigates Nox significantly. I am alarmed that the consultative paper does not consider the existence of innovation let alone allow for incentive to encourage this approach. Further, the paper really only tackles 30% of the sources of pollutants and therefore I am anticipating further delay in action as the high court is likely to act again (3rd time) due to the inadequacy of the proposed measures. I would welcome any combination of effort to address this.

Air filtering scarfs and AI cars: The best green innovations of CES 2017

Innovation?? I had a "smog mask" in the early 1950s London smog!!!! And those hydrogen fuel cells - where does the hydrogen originate, right at source; this is only half a story. Richard Phillips

Sustainable manufacturing roundtable: Turning challenges into opportunities

My concern is that there is only one woman in this group - albeit the chair! When there is at least 40% of both men and women, the best discussions take place. Of course the women must be experts in their own rights.

Can we get over our fear of second hand? - ING's Sustainability Blog

Interface unveils 'carbon-negative' carpet tile prototype

What material? BioPE?

Energy industry launches low-carbon innovation platform

Energy storage is another fairy tale with ever mounting costs at its end. All these wonderful ideas and suggestions are little more than Big Boy''s Toys, with households footing the bill, as ever! Will this nonsense never end??? Richard Phillips

DONG Energy turns to battery storage for Burbo Bank windfarm

It matters not one whit how "big and powerful" the wind turbine is, it is still entirely dependent upon local wind speed. During the 24/25th of last month, the output from 15,000MW of installed wind capacity, only some 300MW was being generated for some ten hours. The system was reduced to 2 or 3% of its advertised capability. Totally beyond any control. And always will be. The cost of backup is high, and getting higher for every megawatt installed. Only the developers are the winners. Richard Phillips

Michael Gove appointed Environment Secretary in cabinet reshuffle

Shopping centre owners launch innovation lab after closing in on CSR targets

Solar PV has some benefits - but next to nothing compared to some alternative uses for a rooftop. If there is a big enough local demand for herbs, salads and small fruit & veg a CloudGro system can deliver large quantities of CloudGrown produce direct from the roof and save 20x more energy from the supply chain than PV can generate. All heavily occupied buildings pay to dump CO2 and heat that current growers pay to create. A rooftop automated greenhouse can harvest the heat & CO2, avoid the need to dispose of huge quantities of transit only packaging and reduce traffic congestion and pollution.

Windy weather brings new renewable energy record

Yes, Ben, gridwatch.templar is excellent, the source of most of my data. Tidal power is very variable, even if it predictable. Generation is for only 14 out of 24 hours, it varies throughout the tidal cycle, and from neaps to springs. Having worked in nuclear power research for some 35 years, I favour that source for about 70% of our energy. Plant is now sufficiently flexible. For the rest; our own fracked gas and CCGT. I would let the renewable fairy tale just fade away! Richard

Windy weather brings new renewable energy record

The gas peaking plants that are now being installed are creating more pollution than the Combine Cycle Gas Turbine generators because of the slow response of the CCGT power plant. These peaking power gas turbines are 10min to full power output. This is required as the wind can stop blowing and the solar becomes overcast. The grid will become dirtier before it gets any cleaner because of the lack of instant response storage to take up the slack in the grid. You can track the UK generation output here More tidal is needed as it''s predictable unlike wind which will produce at best 20% of its rated output over a year at best and solar don''t work in the dark!

Windy weather brings new renewable energy record

That 9.5 GW was at less than 1GW for nearly a day on 24/25 May; down indeed to as low as 0.2GW for many hours! This emphasises the chaotic unreliability of this source, and the huge expense of the backup needed, at all times. Richard Phillips

'Spectacular' drop in renewable energy costs leads to record global boost

Wind, solar and marine sources are, and never will be, anything but, sources of "grab it while you can get it energy". They are in no way in no way "on demand". On 25 May. at 8am, metered wind in the UK was 0.20G W, les than the ravaged coal generators. So much for records yesterday, plenty of energy and few takers. Renewable energy of this genre is the greatest global scandal of all time. Richard Phillips

Why food and packaging waste is often a hidden behavioural problem - Rachel Ward’s blog

From my experience it takes a lot of sustained effort to get people to tackle the coffee cup issue through re-use and recycling. However back when this was an issue for the company I worked for, it was equally as difficult to get the cups recycled - has this changed much now?

Water retail market switch passes 22,000 mark

And what a mess this is causing on billing! The system is nowhere near ready or fit for purpose!

Will Mrs May keep her eye on the circular prize? -

Could not agree more, the things which really matter coming from the EU are ignored as it will upset the politics of needing to leave the EU. The things which we all have in common for the UK are all which makes us Brits and the same can be said for what we all have in common with the EU which should make the EU.

Is 2017 the Year of the Flying Car? - Cranfield University Blog

Ehang and other flying cars/EVs will all benefit from a lightweight power source. This may well be HyPulJet.2.0 Hydrogen Rotary Engine-generator it is intended that the two internal phase will produce an exceptionally low fuel use which will be met from on demand on board Hydrogen and oxygen production.

How should the world react to US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement? Ignore Trump and get on with t

Crunch Time? EROI for global oil and gas production went from 30-to-1 in 1995 to 18-to-1 in 2006. In the U.S., the EROI for oil discovery in 1919 was an astonishing 1,000-to-1. By the 2010s, it was 5-to-1. Frank Inglis MBA C Mgr MCMI

From Macron to Musk: World rallies behind #ParisAgreement following Trump's withdrawal

Richard, are you actually looking for such a study or are you expecting scientists to track you down and explain it to you. If so would it be worth their while?

From Macron to Musk: World rallies behind #ParisAgreement following Trump's withdrawal

When I see a definitive, scientifically proven mechanism, which explains exactly how carbon dioxide, whose concentration in the atmosphere is about one sixtieth that of water vapour, and molecule for molecule of about equal "greenhouse", potency, I shall listen carefully to the argument. As it is, there is an avalanche of assertion, supported by huge business interests, that insists that CO2 punches well above its weight. But no Government will so much as glance at such a programme of research. Richard Phillips

World's first liquid nitrogen hybrid bus makes breakthrough

It does not make it clear how using Nitrogen up to 20 miles per hour and then switching the engine onto diesel fuel is Zero emissions. So yes agree with Richard P below in addition to the use of diesel there is the electricity generation used to produce and store the nitrogen. This is exactly the same with the claims of Zero emissions hydrogen when this is produced using low-cost excess capacity in the grid which could be 80% mix of fossil fuels. If UK innovation is to lead the world then it has to be Absolutely ZERO emissions from producing the fuel/electricity to its use in the vehicle. There are many millions being spent on continuing to develop engines which use fossil fuels and this has to be a waste of funding simple because the use of these fuels has to stop and the sooner the better. The funding processes are not fit for purpose, being geared to business plans and developing a business from the innovation. This does not assist the individual innovator from outside of the Auto industry who has an innovative new Hydrogen engine, with exceptional potential to be absolute Zero emissions, simply because there is no intention to build an Engine manufacturing company. To put this is the right context, what is required is an engine which can be mass produced with in the existing Global Auto manufacturing sector in order to meet the dire need to change 1 billion vehicles to electric within the next 20 years or so. That is 50 million vehicles per year and being very blunt Tesla and Dearman et al are relegated to Niche Vehicle manufacturers, in the context of the Global Need. In these numbers of EVs there will be a need to increase electricity generating capacity several fold, and charge point systems all at massive costs. The need is for a very frugal Hydrogen engine generator, which can therefore produce its own Hydrogen fuel on board the EV. HyPulJet.2.0 Hydrogen Rotary Engine-generator has this potential, but the business plan does not meet the rules on funding. Auto makers do not want to collaborate, such as the London Taxi Company claiming Zero emissions for their new e.Taxi when it plugs into the grid and has a petrol engine-generator range extender. It appears that they do not want Zero emissions.

Every building must be 'net-zero' carbon by 2050, says WorldGBC

"meaning they generate or supply their energy needs from renewable sources." But no mention of how this is to be approached!!!!!! Richard Phillips

Trump withdraws US from Paris climate agreement, but green business leaders remain defiant

It seems not to be generally recognised that the controversy is not whether or not CO2 is a greenhouse gas, it is, or whether or not climates continually change, they do. The question is to what extent does CO2 have an influence upon the our major greenhouse gas, water vapour. Water vapour is about sixty time more abundant than CO2, and the IPCC and similar bodies aver that it has a high "forcing effect" on the influence of water vapour; a substantial body of highly qualified scientific opinion believes that the effect is absent. The truth is not known. It should be. Rigorous scientific experiment by entirely unbiased physical scientists should employed to undertake this momentous task. Business interests are huge, vast amounts of public money is used to fund a multiplicity of projects to fight "climate change", mostly entirely ineffectively, but politicians, the decision makers, are in the overwhelmingly vast majority, are scientifically illiterate, and entirely hoodwinked. In fact CO2 is the staff of life, nothing grows without it, the Earth has become greener over decades. But we need the truth. Richard Phillips

A holistic approach is needed to tackle the issue of packaging recycling - The Withers & Rogers blog

The packaging problem lies in our short-term design briefs. Paul, There is little doubt that we would not be where we are now if plastic had not been part of the picture. The benefits of plastic packaging including lighter transportation costs, reduced food waste and longer product shelf-life are well established and undoubted. However, the negative impacts of creating these short use products with such long-lasting material are becoming apparent. A bottle that holds the water purchased and drunk within the hour is made from a material with an estimated 450-year lifespan. If it is rightly put into a recycling bin then it becomes part of only 14% of the world s plastic packaging getting to a recycling plant, while 40% ends up in landfill and a third in fragile ecosystems. By 2050, it is estimated there will be more plastic than fish in the world s oceans. If this is the story of a piece of packaging that is relatively easy to recycle, then what hope is there for the more complex ones like Pringles tube? Your example of innovation of a plastic-coated cardboard becoming an alternative to black plastic food trays is a case in point. Yes, it looks to reduce material use but does not consider the end of life complications that we currently see with other coated cardboard like coffee cups. The UK has a well-established recycling system of collecting household plastics and yet we seem to only be able to capture half of the 35 million plastic bottles thrown out a day, leaving 16 million to end up in landfill. This represents a huge loss of value. Treating plastic packaging as a valuable resource to be managed efficiently and effectively is key. Your call for a holistic approach is absolutely right. Packaging must be designed with the understanding of its post-use journey and potential material capture value. What is obvious to me is that with this sheer amount of packaging waste, with its complex material bill of materials, must be designed to factor in the end-of -life. Our current technical/marketing brief should stop thinking of the materials as having no value after they have fulfilled their original use (if it even considers it at all), start taking responsibility for the post-use phase, and start to demand design for its 2nd, 3rd and 4th life. The fact that we can recycle paper fibres around six times in order to extract the maximum value (the same as plastic) shows us the potential and untapped value we are giving up too early just because we have designed something that does not consider the whole life and is too complex to recover. We know there is no silver bullet that can singularly tackle the rubbish truck of uncaptured waste plastic currently entering our oceans every minute, but changing the way we design is fundamental. We need to re-define these amazing materials towards systems that allow reusability and optimise value.

Sky-high carbon tax needed to avoid climate catastrophe, say experts

The wood stove industry is a major polluting industry that covers up the fact that harmful PM2.5 particle emissions are being delivered directly into our homes and lungs (and our neighbours). Our governments are highly invested in timber deals with the US & Canada and are promoting wood burning (and destroying hard wood forests) while misleading the public into believing they are using a ''green'' and ''renewable'' heat source. It takes seconds to burn a tree - and a hundred years for it to grow into a ''replacement''. Our governments know this but are committed to profitable timber deals with the US & Canada. The Public Health Crisis they are creating is just ''collateral damage'' in a yet another corrupt government scheme that contributes to global warming.

The great green policy survey: Last chance to tell us the issues that matter most

As this survey makes no provision for any answer which does not conclude either yes or no to each question, (indeed blocks participants from progressing with the survey without providing a definitive answer to each and every question), I intend not to participate

Reports: Trump agrees to withdraw US from the Paris Agreement

Love the subheading "Climate covfefe"

Greener UK debate: Parties trade blows over environmental ambitions ahead of election

It must really irritate everyone that instead of shutting down the coal fired power stations all they needed to do was tell them to cut their pollution to zero. It is possible right now. I am in Canada trying to get the SAGD producers to reduce their CO2 emissions, and reduce the CO2 emitted in using the bitumen. We could do the same thing with coal fired power plants. Imagine, no pollution from coal fired power plants.

World's first liquid nitrogen hybrid bus makes breakthrough

Let us not forget that liquid nitrogen requires electricity for its production. \this is from coal, gas, nuclear and renewables. Wind at time of writing is 1.5% of total generation. All renewables are of this unreliable nature The engineering is first class, well done Dearman! Richard Phillips

A holistic approach is needed to tackle the issue of packaging recycling - The Withers & Rogers blog

Hello Paul, regarding paper cups, I ask if you could visit reCUP at, to see coffee cup innovation and a patent portfolio that addresses the challenge of coffee cup recyclability without investment in specialized equipment. A change in the coating and paper cups become a very valuable material to recycle through traditional paper recycling systems.

Coffee grounds and poultry litter proving a viable biomass option in the UK

"Nero expects to have converted 218 tonnes of used coffee grounds into 98 tonnes of biomass pellets enough fuel to power the equivalent of 453 homes..." Am I missing something, or shouldn''t the above statement indicate how long the 218 tonnes of beans will provide power to the 453 homes? How much energy in terms of kWh will the beans provide?

Middle-management 'disconnected' from Sustainable Development Goals, report finds

So, we really have the time to step forward from the present stage!!

Sustainable Business Covered podcast: We're back! And we're LIVE from edie Live (Part 1)

Why electric and driverless vehicles are unsettling the car industry - Fleetdrive Blog

I think the impact will be even larger than imagined and have much wider impact. Small robo cars used on demand will not wear their tyres or brakes out, won''t have bumps, won''t need personalising so that kills off the vehicle parts, maintenance, accident repair and customisation industry, likewise insurance and glittery car showrooms Robo cars wil travel at speed limits which will slow all traffic but also allow spectacular interweaving at junctions which should make traffic run faster as there will be no need for traffic lights. Not a welcome future, little enjoyment to be gained from travel and none from car ownership. Thank goodness I live in ruritainia because if National robocar rollout follows the broadband route we''ll still be waiting in 2100.

The great green policy survey: YOUR chance to tell us the issues that matter most

Food waste - if Marks and Spencer can distribute food they will no longer sell - why can''t Greggs? (and I presume many other food shops). Your survey concentrates on the big issues which is great, but simple things would also make a huge difference - retail should be legislated to give all edible food away not throw it in the bin!

London councils commence innovative solar battery project and LED retrofit

Our company is currently looking for locations to start a pilot program to install street lighting that meets the following criteria: - 2100K - Up to 140 lumens per watt - Dark sky friendly - 70, 80 or 90 CRI This light that will meet all the dark sky, neighborhood, and wildlife friendly criteria that municipalities are looking for.

Mersey feat: world's biggest wind turbines go online near Liverpool

The wind farms in Liverpool Bay are regularly visited by a fleet of service boats. I see them coming into Liverpool docks daily. Isnt this an opportunity to set up businesses farming mussels, kelp and fish between the turbines?

Plastic-eating worms and printed solar: The best green innovations of the week

Or the UAE (and the world) has 15 years to develop low cost desalination using perhaps its abundant solar resources.

How to win the war on waste in the UK - The First Mile blog

THE PROBLEM WITH WASTE IS THAT IS HAS NO ADDED VALUE THAT THE CONSUMER CAN USE FOR RECYCLING PURPOSES. Simply if we therefore add value to it and the consumer identifies with this then waste will become attractive. There are no official recycling systems for thin wall plastic + crisp packets and the plastic milk bottle service lacks clarity and is so diverse in nature that jo public are often confused by the shear number of options? Two alternatives are being tried and tested as natural polymers, being from seedweed and milk? but they need money and infrastructure to deliver? Also there are potential health problems with thin wall plastics, generating possible pathegens, but not as yet properly identified. I have through studies identified that the council collection systems are out dated and incineration is econmically misplaced. We therefore do not invest sufficiently in recycling as nations, loosing 80-120 bn in revenue,and then spend x3 times this amount extracting and processing the raw materials. No!! inorder to clean up our act we have to do a lot better.

Lib Dem manifesto: Ambitious new laws for emissions reductions, green transport and the circular eco

Wow at last a Party committed to Clean Energy and not simply paying lipservice to the public whilst doing deals to short circuit the Rules and Regulations with Industry. One thing I would add is that there is a need to support and prove out Hydrogen generation, striving to maintain a grid supply system places huge barriers in the way forwards to Clean energy. There is no need for 230-240 volts it is simply a waste much better to go as low as possible that is 12 volts and 48 Volts dual low voltage circuits most easily generated onsite for Off-grid house Zero emissions in use.

Unilever breakthrough technology set to tackle plastic sachet waste

Hi Paul, Thanks for the question. The packaging allows low-income earners to enjoy quality products such as shampoos, toothpastes, lotions, condiments, even ready-to-eat food and drinking water. To gain more info on the manufacturers involved, I would suggest getting in touch with Unilever directly. Here is a media contact that dealt with the announcement - Thanks, George

Unilever breakthrough technology set to tackle plastic sachet waste

"Sachet packaging allows low-income consumers, particularly in developing countries, to buy small amounts of otherwise unaffordable products". Could you elaborate on what these products might be and who are the manufacturers?

Why electric and driverless vehicles are unsettling the car industry - Fleetdrive Blog

It''s not just relevant to this: "Going a step further, driverless EVs offer exciting possibilities for the crowded megacities of the future. Robotaxis could provide mobility on demand in a far more affordable, efficient and safer way." It''s highly relevant to any settlement in the UK (& similarly elsewhere in the "developed world) which our cars clog both when in the minority of they''re in use & the majority of time when they''re not in use i.e. this has phenomenal & seemingly positive implications for our homes, high streets, shopping, work, business, education, leisure, health & social care &/or generally how we live - not to mention investers in property & car makers - & just think of the potential changes in how & what we spend on transport

Labour manifesto: Renewables revolution, air quality crackdown and SDG push

I stand by my comment upon the energy section of the Labour Party manifesto. The exposure of the public to radiation from the nuclear energy programme is, as I understand it, about 1% of natural background radiation. The hazard presented by this level of exposure is well reviewed by Dr wade Allison in his book "Radiation and Reason". The policy quoted in the last sentence of Jo Brown''s comment is quite ludicrous. The answer to our energy needs would be well satisfied by a mix of PWRs and CCGTs, the latter powered by our own natural gas from fracking within the UK, which the manifesto also denigrates. In the years to come we should be engaged in the development of the fast reactor, in order to utilise our stock of plutonium and depleted uranium. These could provide safe clean energy for centuries. Waste is no problem except for the politicians, the professionals solved the problem over forty years ago. I repeat my belief that the policies outlined in the manifesto, with special reference to renewable sources, is driven by a lack of understanding of the science and engineering on the part of those drafting the policy. My opinion is derived not only from my experience as a professional research scientist in the UKAEA at Harwell for 35 years, but also from years of following the energy generation industry in my retirement. Richard Phillips

Tesco commits to 100% renewables by 2030

Would be great if they could also commit to plastic free packaging and a significant increase in the proportion of organic/ sustainable produce sold. I''m not sure why they need to wait until 2030 - For scope 2 emissions, there are plenty of 100% renewable power suppliers now and as the largest supermarket they have significant power to dictate supply chain emissions standards for scope 3. Will they also decarbonise their logistics and delivery fleet? Would be interesting to see the composition of their emissions.

Labour manifesto: Renewables revolution, air quality crackdown and SDG push

Labour''s manifesto statement that "nuclear energy will continue to be part of the energy supply" does not comply with the 2012 Health and Social Care Act legal requirement to protect the public from exposure to nuclear radiation. the UK National Nuclear Policy acknowledged that this would cause ''public health detriment'' but claimed this was ''justified by the benefits of nuclear power''. The 2012 Act supersedes the NNP but has not been enforced. Regulators and politicians must enforce a zero emissions policy on all nuclear waste and decommissioning contracts, rule out any new build and shut down all the AGR nuclear reactors.

Tesco commits to 100% renewables by 2030

In 2016 global average temperatures reached 1.2C with a number of positive feedbacks emerging at significant force (e.g. Albedo in the Arctic) driving temperatures higher. In the light of this there is no prospect of keeping temperatures close to the COP 21 commitment of 1.5C unless everything is made carbon neutral by around 2030. It is great that Tesco will source 100% of electricity from the renewables by 2030 but business also need to decarbonise other energy sources (transport, etc.) and their suppliers by 2030. Tesco''s 2050 target for suppliers to be carbon neutral is firmly in +2C territory.

Labour manifesto: Renewables revolution, air quality crackdown and SDG push

A presentation lacking, in my opinion, the essential basic knowledge and understanding of the physics, chemistry and electrical power engineering involved in electrical generation. The writers are politicians not scientists or engineers. Richard Phillips

38,000 people a year die early because of diesel emissions testing failures

Oh dear, all those "deaths" yet again!! I know no better presentation of the true state of affairs than: Extract, by Julia Hartley-Brewer. (Daily Telegraph 7.04.17) "This 40,000 figure is alarmingly high. It is also alarmingly wrong. 40,000 people do not die in the UK every year as a result of air pollution. Yet that figure, as respiratory physician Professor Tony Frew explained to me on my TalkDadio show this week, is zombie statistic - however many times you try to kill it, it comes back. And it's simply not true. So what is the truth? The Royal Colleges of Physicians and of Paediatrics and Child Health, quoted by Mr Khan, actually says "40,000 EQUIVALENT LIVES" are lost each year as a result of all outdoor air pollution - which is actually only a few hours or days each over a population of 65 million. Only a tiny fraction of this is down to diesel cars, or indeed to any cars" May we now have a little more understanding in the use of very specific technical statistical terms used by epidemiologists. Richard Phillips

B&Q bans harmful pesticides from plant range to save bees

Save earth & plant

IPCC must address ?language barrier? between climate science and sustainability

Yes, climate scientists think in terms of carbon, power engineers think in terms of MW and MWhs.

Building Management System or caretaker: which route to energy savings? - Andy's Energy Musings

Your description of a BMS is somewhat inaccurate in that it works within given parameters, takes no account of the reasons behind a call for heat from a controlled area and is often a complete mystery to those inhabitants of the building it is installed in. It also has an extremely high maintenance cost in that experienced engineers command very high rates of pay and if it is a manufacturers engineer sometimes even more to give a profit to the exercise. A BMS controlling the heating function normally works on space temperature sensors switching on the heat source in answer to a demand, it does nothing to control the combustion process or modify the energy output to match the energy requirement unless the design of the heating system has such mechanisms built in. Having seen a number of BMS systems in the properties in which I have been working I cannot subscribe to your comment that they are in any way an economical addition to a building when considered from the point of view of the energy they save. In my experience two things are required to ensure that energy consumption is kept to a minimum. The first is that the heating system (note the word system) is designed in such a way that the energy produced matches the load required and is channelled specifically to where it is required and the second is that the control system ensures that the energy producing appliance (or if it is a cascade arrangement appliances) limit the energy produced to the load required. Having seen the installation of high efficiency boilers in a cascade arrangement result in an increase in gas consumption rather that the predicted decrease and the replacement of a standard efficiency boiler by a high efficiency boiler result in complaints of the property taking significantly longer to become even warm I am of the opinion that your simplistic manual versus BMS evaluation of the control of a building leaves much to be desired. Anthony Brunton IEng. MIPlantE. MSOE. LCGI. FCIPHE. RP. Master Plumber. ps I have added the post nominals so that you are aware that I do know what I''m talking about.

Building Management System or caretaker: which route to energy savings? - Andy's Energy Musings

Your description of a BMS is somewhat inaccurate in that it works within given parameters, takes no account of the reasons behind a call for heat from a controlled area and is often a complete mystery to those inhabitants of the building it is installed in. I

easyJet sets new carbon goal after emissions tumble by 31%

Between 2010 and 2016 easyJet passenger numbers grew from 48,754,366 to 73,137,826, representing a 50% increase. This huge increase in flights more than offsets the efficiency savings outlined and proves beyond all doubt that we cannot meet our COP21 climate change commitments if the aviation sector is permitted to grow. Please also note that the the UK''s aviation sector is responsible for between 7 and 8% of UK greenhouse gas emissions but, due to the extra warming effect of emissions at high altitudes, the sector is responsible for between 11 and 16% (depending on calculation method) of warming.

easyJet sets new carbon goal after emissions tumble by 31%

Good work - well done, easyJet. Another good reason to fly with you :)

UK energy storage predicted to grow 100-fold by 2020

Could anyone out there offer some backup to Robertson''s comment that Solar and Wind are proven as the cheapest forms of generation? PSH & Compressed Air: if they made sense financially, you''d see them in the T-4 capacity auctions. Developers don''t stop building things just because they fall out of fashion. They stop when there''s no money in it.

Water companies losing vast amounts through leakage, as drought fears rise

That is why companies with large water use MUST consider "Off Grid" water supplies!

Next generation sustainability: The Feed Children Well campaign - The SRA blog

Exposure to nuclear radiation causes endocrine disruption and failure of the pancreas to produce insulin leading to weight gain. Changing children''s diets will not help. The UK needs to enforce the 2012 Health and Social Care Act legal requirement to protect the public from exposure to nuclear radiation. This is not happening; In Somerset perinatal mortality has doubled and skin cancer is 45% higher than in adjacent counties. This followed a tenfold increase in Caesium 137 from the Hinkley Point site due to vents being installed into the two Hinkley A Magnox reactors in 2006.

Next generation sustainability: The Feed Children Well campaign - The SRA blog

Excellent initiative - humans are destroying the planet with the food choices they make and pass on to children; educating kids from a very young age would change the world. I''d like to share a quote from Yuval Noah Harari''s recent book Homo Deus on the future of sapiens in this context: "Over the past century, humankind has managed to do the impossible and rein in famine, plague and war. Today, more people die from obesity than from starvation; more people die from old age than from infectious diseases; and more people commit suicide than are killed in war. We are the only species in earth s long history that has single-handedly changed the entire planet, and we no longer expect any higher being to shape our destinies for us."

Unilever breakthrough technology set to tackle plastic sachet waste

very encouraging especially the open source part

Unilever breakthrough technology set to tackle plastic sachet waste

I''d like to be involved in this as it becomes more widely adopted in Europe.

Making hay while the sun isn't shining - Sustainabilty Musings from the Cesspool of Life

@Roger - I agree with you that we need to improve energy efficiency and also stop wasting so much energy in both industry and our everyday lives. A 10% reduction in our energy demand on a daily basis across the country works out as Hinkley C. Energy Storage will need to be BIG and that''s why batteries will never be a viable Grid scale option but things like Compressed Air and Cryogenic Storage might be more suitable. We won''t really know until we start developing these properly on a grid scale level (ie GWs size). Gas could be a storage medium and yes bio-gas from Anaerobic Digestion could add a significant proportion of the gas, if we can get past the NIMBY problem against AD plants that appears to be developing. The only problem is we have been dismantling the Gasometers around the country and we have no real gas storage infrastructure. The UK only has a few days gas storage at present in some depleted reservoirs in the North Sea. Again we would need to build the capacity but at least the pipelines and generating infrastructure is in place. However gas still means burning something which means CO2 and for most "environmentalists" that is a bad thing. I agree the primary generation network needs to continue to be developed but not "hell bent for leather", "at all costs" without developing the storage / backup system at the same time. We need to spread the sustainable generation capacity from just solar and wind to include hydro, tidal, tidal stream and even new nuclear technologies like Thorium.

Wind farms: the Marmite of energy generation - Sustainabilty Musings from the Cesspool of Life

You can think of wind turbines as necessary temporary measures which will hopefully head of catastrophic climate change which will be more permanent. Imagine your view after a 4 degree temperature increase. There is a good chance that today''s windmills will one day not be necessary and the views will be saved for future generations. Without them now there is no chance of that view ever being preserved.

Making hay while the sun isn't shining - Sustainabilty Musings from the Cesspool of Life

Diamond company seeks to deliver carbon-neutral mining in five years

This is carbon dioxide "storage", not energy storage. Richard Phillips

Making hay while the sun isn't shining - Sustainabilty Musings from the Cesspool of Life

Energy Storage will have to be really , really big to provide demand for more than a couple of days and however big it is there is the danger that it isn''t big enough. As always energy efficiency should be the biggest priority to minimise whatever solution is adopted and we shouldn''t be too fussy about maintaining a gas powered backup network. Gas itself can be a storage medium and can be renewable not necessarily fossil. You could look at it another way. We already have our backup power network, now lets finish the prime renewable network

Scotland unveils winners of ?40m low-carbon innovation fund

100+ times more, 4,000+ million would be a real "boost to low-carbon infrastructure across the country". "a 43m fund" is a more of a DAMP SQUIB than a "boost" - welcome though these small scale green energy projects are. It''s not 100+ times more because of the fiscal framework which First Minister agreed with the UK which strictly forbids the Scottish government from investing billions a year more in Scotland, money borrowed from the central bank, interest free, never repaid but simply added to the Scottish national debt. Why did the First Minister agree with such a bad fiscal framework which cuts investment in Scotland down to pocket money projects? I can lead the transition to 100% renewable energy in Scotland but this is going to cost 10s of billions. Scottish Scientist Independent Scientific Adviser for Scotland * Double Tidal Lagoon Baseload Scheme * Off-Shore Electricity from Wind, Solar and Hydrogen Power * World s biggest-ever pumped-storage hydro-scheme, for Scotland? * Modelling of wind and pumped-storage power * Scotland Electricity Generation my plan for 2020

Next Government must prioritise renewables to boost economy, says RenewableUK

No renewables are able to generate electricity on demand. As renewables grow, so will the necessity to have demand-lead power stations on standby. But the intermittent use of these units is uneconomical, so private funds are reluctant to invest in them. If renewables are that good and cheap, cut all Government support, let them stand alone in a free market. But they are a "nice little earner" at the moment, with Government support, hence the support by RenewableUK. Richard Phillips

Science based targets: a journey of discovery - The Carbon Smart blog

I''m sure you are aware of this, but your readers may not be: The Coca Cola Company (global entity) has not adopted a science based target for GHG emissions reductions. It is two of the European bottlers that have had their SBT approved: Coca Cola Enterprises, Inc., and Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Company AG. Investors are waiting for The Coca Cola Company to commit to a SBT for the company''s global operations. PepsiCo, on the other hand, has committed "to working to reduce absolute greenhouse gas emissions across our value chain (scopes 1, 2, and 3) by at least 20% by 2030 from a 2015 base year."

Toyota drives 'Digiman' project to develop 50,000 fuel cell stacks by 2020

Hydrogen powered fuel cells are all very well, but where does the hydrogen come from??? The response of "electrolysis" is only half an answer, since all renewable sources are chaotic in their generation, and fossil fuel sources .are criticised for their CO2 by-product. This leaves only nuclear generation. But the conversion efficiency is only about 80% or less. Reforming of methane produces CO2 as well. The cleanest option is the adoption of an iodine/sulphur process powered by a high temperature reactor capable of running at some 900C. As a liquid fuel it is not easy to handle, and needs large volumes since it has a low density. As a gaseous fuel, high pressure storage is unavoidable. Handling facilities have to be very specialised due to its very large explosive range with air. It is all not that simple". Richard Phillips

Philips: Smart lighting systems can champion the circular economy

Smart Growth: bringing together business and society to tackle climate change - The BITC blog

If EDF really wanted to reduce crbon emissions they would shut down all the UK AGR nuclear reactors which are cooled by carbon dioxide which is then routinely discharged into the atmosphere. Nuclear is NOT low carbon.

Report: England loses ?600m a year on waste crime

Waste fly tipping would be eliminated if councils allowed all waste to be delivered to proper waste recycling sites free of charge (no gate charge) hence eliminating the huge cost of clearing the fly tipped material.

Air quality plan: Why is the Government's strategy 'woefully inadequate'?

The 2012 Health and Social Care Act requires public protection from exposure to nuclear radiation; when are nuclear regulators and politicians going to enforce this requirement with a zero emissions policy for all nuclear waste and decommissioning contracts, immediate closure of all UK AGR reactors which are at increasing risk of core meltdown due to progressive, age related structural degradation. Everyone knows this and yet the AGRs have been granted lifetime extensions; WHY?

Air quality plan: Why is the Government's strategy 'woefully inadequate'?

I agree that this a disaster, Shell informed the public with their video in 1992 and promptly kept on pumping Oil and profits. The various Governments and Industry have also sat on their hands and made profits or MPs Pensions and nothing has happened. Conferences and speeches which have cost million and this is all that the present government can offer. Even though people have been made ill as a result of their lack of understanding/dual agenda/ deception what ever anyone wants to call it. Marc Stanton, You are right in one sense Diesels will run on Hydrogen but they tend to use a lot hydrogen. Agree that there would need to be a lot of H2 Fuel stations at massive cost and who pays. There is a H2 IC engine in development which will alter what I have just agreed, Firstly it has a second phase and will not use as much H2 secondly the Team are looking at having and On Board the EV Fuel system. A belgian in Italy, he also helped with the Compressed Air engine being marketed in India. There is also HyPulJet.2.0 a concept for a H2 Rotary Engine-generator to power EVs Zero CO2, NOx, and Particulate matter. Again this has a 2nd phase which will improve performance and lower fuel usage, again it will allow on board fuel production, in this case On demand fuel production of Hydrogen and Oxygen. There is a Hydrogen On Board the EV unit being trialed in New Mexico with a Fuel Cell. All three groups and people are members of Global Hydrogen Ambassadors. Iain W, You are correct why don''t these people join forces. Some may have dual agendas and some have rules fixed by others. Example for you, I entered the above Concept HyPulJet.2.0 in the Technology Developer Accelerator Program being run by Advanced Propulsion Centre. Whilst this body recognised by government and recieving funding (Joint funding of 1 billiion over 10 years Nick Hurd MP recent response to my letter) The Government policy is Zero Emissions and the public image of the APC is to find the Z in Zero emissions. I enter a Concept which is covered by Three UK Patent Applications and in late 2016 was assessed by Professor Ed Richardson of Southampton University finding this new engine type to be "Plausible". Not accepted for Accelerated Development Program. No contact from APC until a few days back and two days later I get a reply letter from the Minister Nick Hurd MP via my MP John Mann, to say that Government does not have control and that APC is an industry led body. London Taxi Company promoting a New e.Taxi as Zero emissions, Load of Rubbish it plugs into the Grid and that has an average mix of Fossil Fuels near to 50%. It also has a petrol engine range extender generator most certainly not Zero emissions. I offered the CEO to look at the datails of HyPulJet.2.0 since the H2 Rotary engine-generator would be a fairly easy replacement for the petrol generator and also would not cause an increase in price. Sorry Mr.Scott "we are not going in that direction" As you can see, there is a public image of searching out Zero emissions but the reality is that such concepts are side lined or stifled from funding. Marvellous rules require that have to connect to a company in the Auto Trade or such, the reality is that the Auto Industry know this and do not even respond in the main. (CEO of London Taxi Co most certainly a gentleman) I have been pushing for 18 months and if you look here on Edie net you will find comments on many articles, Linked In and Twitter etc. The problem with the people running things such as the Mayor of London is that they have advisors who are either still part of the energy or Auto world and the reality is that they will not want things to change too much and they would not even know or look for new innovation. My latest advice from my recent contact at APC is that I will have to go through the normal channels of Open Funding Competitions which will take 12 months to be awarded funding and then further time to make a start. Connecting to a University which has just been awarded funding to improve a Wankel Engine is not going to go too well. My question, is the Wankel project Hydrogen or is it petrol like the new engine being developed for/with McLaren, or is it just another step change to reduce emissions whilst still continuing with Fossil Fuels. Please feel free to contact me through Linked In and please feel free to support the push for Zero emissions HyPulJet.2.0 Best Regards Al Scott thehydrogenanswer

Air quality plan: Why is the Government's strategy 'woefully inadequate'?

What we need is a Hydrogen economy. All diesel vehicles can be converted to run on Hydrogen but we need a Hydrogen refuelling infrastructure. This could be easily installed. All electric vehicles can have Hydrogen range extenders fitted to increase the range for 80 miles to 300 miles. Hydrogen is completely pollution free.

Air quality plan: Why is the Government's strategy 'woefully inadequate'?

So why don''t all the above names get on and do something - form an action group and get the public on side rather than just criticise the government. We all know that Governments of any political colour are ineffectual at change management and action when compared to private companies. Where is the UK''s Elon Musk to just get on and bring solar/battery technology into an irresistable package for consumers. Subsidies are a misguided and simplistic solution to challenging situation.

Government distances itself from diesel scrappage scheme in air quality plan

Yet again we have "the 40,000 premature deaths from air pollution each year". This expression is a total misunderstanding of a statistical term used by epidemiologists, that term is "equivalent lives" 40,000 people do not die in the UK every year as a result of air pollution. Yet that figure, as respiratory physician Professor Tony Frew explained to me on my TalkRadio show this week, is zombie statistic however many times you try to kill it, it comes back. And it " s simply not true. So what is the truth? The Royal Colleges of Physicians and of Paediatrics and Child Health, quoted by Mr Khan, actually says "40,000 EQUIVALENT lives are lost each year as a result of all outdoor air pollution which is actually only a few hours or days each over a population of 65 million. Only a tiny fraction of this is down to diesel cars, or indeed to any cars. Please would edienews take note of this item, and if necessary contact Prof. Frew. Misinformation is worse than no information Richard Phillips UKAEA retired

ISO 14080: New standard set to play an 'essential role' in climate change agenda

This is the type of policy that puts the SDG''s into action which is got to be a good thing!!

Air quality plan: Why is the Government's strategy 'woefully inadequate'?

Totally agree - waste of time - with no real time resoultion

Air pollution lawsuit set to go ahead despite delayed Government plan

After 7 plus years and this is all they can manage, the UK needs a miracle to come out of Brexit with any thing left if this is the best that Tory Politicians can arrange. This is the time to say move all transport to Clean Energy that is Electricity generated by Renewable Generation. Excludes All Fossil Fuel generation and creation of energy with a End Date when only these type of vehicles will be allowed to be sold. Have the various Low-carbon bodies search out and fully fund any Hydrogen Clean energy means of generating electricity on boards an electric vehicle. Fund the development of Hydrogen production on board the EV.

Government distances itself from diesel scrappage scheme in air quality plan

4 years ago I retired and bought a new diesel Kia, following the governments recommendations on diesel. Now I find that diesel fuel is not a good thing, the value of my car has dropped like a stone, the likely scrappage payment will be minimal, so how can I afford to purchase a similar vehicle on apension?

Natural capital: Credible concept or spurious sustainability approach?

The problem is that the gulls are of no value to any business save, perhaps, a fertiliser one. The Natural Capital approach is not helpful in this instance or too many similar ones. Also, the value of clean water to any business is infinite as no business could operate without it. The NC approach doesn''t help here either. I get that businesses should value the services that nature provides and make sure they are preserving the nature underlying those services. But that doesn''t and shouldn''t need numbers. What is needed is multi-criteria qualitative analysis coupled with strong and enforced environmental protection laws. Simple cost-benefit analysis simply cannot be used (not even in theory, let alone practice) in making these kinds of decisions.

Environmental gearing: Bridging the gap between sustainability and finance - The Adnams blog

Sounds like a great concept and well applied. I wonder though how keeping natural capital qualitative will enable it to be compared and combined with the other forms of capital, such as social and manufactured; or is this not necessary, do you think? Ian Bateman''s TIM model tries to do this and I am concerned myself with how meaningful it is to meld such disparate areas. Do you think there may be some middle ground, such as using money as a metric, but noting confidence limits in some way during the analysis? Also, do you think it is natural capital per se that should be measured, or the services derived from it? I will be very interested to hear your thoughts. Thanks, Angus.

UK energy storage predicted to grow 100-fold by 2020

Critical to this subject is not merely the number of mega watts at which a facility is rated, but the number of hours for which it can sustain that rate of energy supply. The quoted 407 MW is half a conventional power station. Quite recently the top ten battery installations in the world could do no better than provide for a few hours, less than a day. Battery storage, the current favourite, cannot be reduced, physically in size, the required chemicals cannot be compressed, and the costs are very, very, high. But with subsidies, a wonderful business venture. Richard Phillips

Flybe wastewater challenge solved by Enso

Ở Việt Nam B nh Y n l c ng ty h ng đ u về bồn chứa h a chất composite: Chi tiết:

Natural capital: Credible concept or spurious sustainability approach?

As with many things simple answers are not sustainable in the medium or long term. Natural capital accounting may well be appropriate for governments and help to inform policy-making. The cost of cleaning up the mess from poor municipal waste practice and treating seas and other water bodies as self-cleaning or infinite systems, or spoiling pristine environments for short-term (50 year) gains is perhaps only going to be addressed when the ''real'' cost is recognised. Businesses will generally respond best when it directly affects them - either by cost increases or simple prescriptive legislation. No sensible person argues with real H&S legislation now (exclude the urban myths) and energy and environmental legislation and policy simply needs to follow the same route. Cynics will always exploit weakness and beefing-up the rules and policing them sensibly is the only way to deal with it.

UK energy storage predicted to grow 100-fold by 2020

Energy Storage is the key to long term stability of the "renewables" system but we can not nor must not rely on "chemical batteries" or think these will magically solve the problem. We need to maximise our pumped storage hydro (PSH) capacity by converting current "one way" hydro into PSH then starting to develop large scale Compressed Air Storage. Large scale storage working alongside domestic small scale {battery} systems will make the demand/supply equation much easier to balance in the long term.

Admiring the view - Sustainabilty Musings from the Cesspool of Life

Typically since I posted this blog entry the weather has changed dramatically and the NW Highlands are the warmest part of Britain. I jest not when I say we have had temperatures up here of 20 C plus this week with wall to wall sunshine and barely a cloud in sight. As we say up here "if you don''t like the weather wait 15 mins as it''s bound to change" :-)

Natural capital: Credible concept or spurious sustainability approach?

I think Adnams is a fantastic example of a business using sustainability as a business driver but Richards "seagull example" is not wrong, its incomplete - he didn''t follow through with the concept. If the oil under the island is worth 1bn to extract its important to then cost in ALL of the impacts of extracting and using that fossil fuel on natural systems and how that impacts globally on all of us......which is very likely to be a much higher cost than the profit made. Has Richard understood the concept and principles of Natural Capital accounting - possibly not. I do however agree that its not always appropriate to cost everything to the nth degree.

Natural capital: Credible concept or spurious sustainability approach?

An alternative approach then is not to use as a common means of comparing value, but instead use something less abstract. To use the example given, Value of seagulls = 1000 pairs nesting seagulls for example + dependant ecosystem. Value of oil = 1000 pairs lost seaugulls, - value of related habitat destroyed - cost of cleaning up CO2 emissions. The oil also happens to be useful as a means of fuel and chemicals but no attached to it.

Natural capital: Credible concept or spurious sustainability approach?

Interesting article, but it makes the fundamental mistake of claiming that natural capital "puts a price on nature", which (even when deploying financial metrics), it does not. "The suggestion that we put a price on nature , is one I am often confronted with. While these concerns are well-intentioned, I believe the charge is a category error. We don t price nature, we illuminate the value that we already receive from it. You don t pay a price for the air that you breathe, but does that mean that it holds no value?" This is a vital distinction. Price and value are not one and the same. A price is "the amount of money expected, required, or given in payment for something". Value is "the importance, worth, or usefulness of something", these concepts differ in fundamentally important ways. The truth is that many parts of the natural world simply couldn''t be given a ''price'', even if we tried. Perhaps you should also add a poll asking "Should businesses value nature?", and compare the results. This would show how important it is to use the right language here. The suggestion that seagulls are worth x, but oil is worth x x1000, therefore businesses will always choose oil, is also a misunderstanding of the concept. Natural capital approaches allow businesses to measure and value their impacts and dependencies on nature and natural systems. Seagulls are not material to extractive industries, i.e. there is no dependence on them, so it would be very surprising if an extractive company was to leave $1 billion of oil in the ground because of a flock of gulls. However, a coastal farm may well recognize that gulls provide a valuable pest control service, which reduces the need for pesticides. This represents a financial saving, a healthier local ecosystem, and a safer work environment for employees. In this case, money and time may well be spent in order to protect the gulls. As a brewery, Adnams is dependant on fresh water and fertile soils in order to grow their raw materials and process their product, however, they are not dependant on zebras, and it is disingenuous to claim that because a natural capital approach is unlikely to make Adnams value zebras more than they value fertile soil, therefore the concept is ''spurious''. A safari operator however may well value zebras above fertile soil, and so on...The idea is not that every company values every element of natural capital and turns into a conservation body over night, but that businesses are able to see the operational benefits (i.e. value), that they receive from nature, free of charge, and to understand how they need it in order to succeed in the future. Once businesses understand this, there is no longer the need for a business case to protect this aspect of nature.

Science based targets: a journey of discovery - The Carbon Smart blog

London's Square Mile Challenge on course to recycle 500,000 coffee cups

Hi Hildegard, thanks for your comment. To confirm, our description in this article is correct - the lining of modern-day coffee cups is polyethylene (plastic), not wax, which would melt under high temperatures. I have had this verified by a couple of industry experts. Thanks, Luke (Editor)

European Union enforces new air pollution limits

40,000 people do not die in the UK every year as a result of air pollution. Yet that figure, as respiratory physician Professor Tony Frew explained to me on my TalkDadio show this week, is zombie statistic - however many times you try to kill it, it comes back. And it's simply not true. So what is the truth? The Royal Colleges of Physicians and of Paediatrics and Child Health, quoted by Mr Khan, actually says "40,000 EQUIVALENT lives" are lost each year as a result of all outdoor air pollution - which is actually only a few hours or days each over a population of 65 million. Only a tiny fraction of this is down to diesel cars, or indeed to any cars. This the correct explanation of the "Death" figures. As Marie Curie sais "Nothing in life is to be feared; it is to be understood" Richard Phillips

London's Square Mile Challenge on course to recycle 500,000 coffee cups

I was told by WRAP that the lining is wax, not plastic as you state in the above article. The wax makes the cups unsuitable for recycling with Tetrapak and other food cartons. Who is telling porkies?? Hildegard Hill Two Hoots, Hall Road, Mount Bures CO8 5AS

London's Square Mile Challenge on course to recycle 500,000 coffee cups

I was told by WRAP that the lining is wax, not plastic as you state in the above article. The wax makes the cups unsuitable for recycling with Tetrapak and other food cartons. Who is telling porkies?? Hildegard Hill Two Hoots, Hall Road, Mount Bures CO8 5AS

'The scales have tipped': Majority of investors taking action on climate change

Sustainable investing is rapidly growing. There are now more than 80 sustainable funds in the UK alone. Practices have also changed. It started with solely exclusion practices, such avoiding companies linked to issues such as genocide or war. However, now large variety of sectors or business practices can be excluded such as tobacco, alcohol, gambling, pornography, weapons, GMOs, animal testing, intensive farming, palm oil, nuclear power generation and more recently coal or fossil fuels, based on client demand. In addition to negative screening some sustainable investment strategies are looking for positive contributions from businesses in environmental, social and governance criteria. So funds investing in specific environmental opportunities such as renewables and water continue to grow, and as such, I think sustainable investing will see an ongoing incline.

Science-based targets 'critical' to achieve 2C world, BITC survey finds

The introduction of science into the debate is long needed. The problem, however, is to distinguish between science and the robust assertions of parties with vested interests. You state "Using science-based targets to reduce emissions in line with the level of decarbonisation required to keep global temperature increase below 2oC is seen as a critical step in the low-carbon transition". This would be all very well if there was a science based value for a value of CO2 concentration in order to keep global warming down to 2oC. In the first place, the figures for global warming have in so many cases been "adjusted", and then we have no definitive understanding of all the parameters dominating global temperatures, even the mechanism of the heating produced by CO2 is not known with any certainty. National governments have no interest in promoting such research, and certainly politicians in general are appallingly ignorant in scientific matters, and quite unwilling to do anything but repeat assertions which the real scientific community know to be in error. Were we to be properly informed on these matters, we would expect at least one of the 150 plus climate models would produce results in keeping with reality, but not one of them does. Alas Richard Phillips

Mercedes-Benz brings energy storage units to the UK

No cost mentioned, even a ball-park figure. Richard Phillips

Beware false sustainability solutions - The BITC blog

a great article, we spend Billions on Wind / Solar farms and new nuclear plants being built by china- all of which is funded by taxpayers in some way. Yet if we tackled waste full on, we could reduce our need for energy projects, our demands on agriculture and water. And it would create jobs here.

EV batteries and robotics first in line for BEIS ?1bn innovation fund

I agree with Richard P below. Batteries appear to have been chosen as the only option when I have a concept for a Hydrogen Rotary Engine-generator a Novel engine evaluated as "Plausible" by Southampton University and yet sidelined by the Advanced Propulsion Centre from their Accelerator Program. It is intended that the rotary engine will have On-demand fuel Production system on board the EV. No need for recharge point or Hydrogen fill points at major infrastructure costs. A static generator version will not need Wind or solar panels to power dual low-voltage circuits. 12 volt circuit Batteries will be charged by the generator or by connecting the car when parked.

Ministers under fire over bid to delay publication of air pollution plan

What an absolute load of rubbish, the department should have published the report in a timely manner. It is perfectly clear to any one involved in this area that the answer is simple, No1 priority, to enact a law that Auto Makers make Zero Emissions vehicles available to consumers at affordable prices within two years. "Zero emissions means for example there is no connection to energy created by the burning of Fossil Fuels." Battery EVs plugging into the Grid are not Zero emissions unless the electricity paid for is guaranteed from renewable generation. For any Auto maker whingeng that this is not possible, sorry you have had since 1993 when Shell published their Video telling everyone that Oil and Gas was a future problem and then like Tobacco and smokers promptly did nothing. Governments have gone along with this because it will cause upset to the motorists and haulage and transport sector in general. We cannot continue pussey footing around the problem for another 25 years, at some point Government has to call time. I have a Zero emissions concept and I have recently come to the decision based on the ignored emails, the answers which say " we are not going down that route" and being sidelined by the Advanced Propulsion Centre from their Technology Developers Accelerator Program. There is a major question from this; "The APC is tasked with the Government Policy of searching out Zero Emissions for the transport sector, when presented with a concept for a Hydrogen Rotary Engine-generator, previously evaluated by Southampton University that the Novel engine was "Plausible", signifying that HyPulJet.2.0 concept has exceptional potential to deliver Zero Emissions low cost EVs, Why has the APC not taken such a Golden opportunity and in fact sidelined such a project.????? " For instance, I am confident that HyPulJet.2.0 Hydrogen Rotary Engine-generator would be an easy replacement for the Petrol IC engine range extender generator in the New London Taxi Company e.Taxi. It could in all probability lower the price. It would be Zero emissions not plugging into the Grid with Natural Methane Gas as 45% of the mix. The type of vehicle at the moment which uses a petrol Range extender generator could all be Zero emissions and more than likely be retrofitted. BMW i3 and i8 GM Volt and the Nissan e.Note, Would people believe that these Auto makers have shown no interest in taking a look at the details so they have no idea that it will work or not. Sorry these companies do not deserve any more time to continue to pollute the atmosphere and injure peoples health. I have one possibly answer and they have ignored the potential. APC have ignored the potential Why?

EV batteries and robotics first in line for BEIS £1bn innovation fund

" 246m investment to help businesses seize the benefits of battery storage," Money up for grabs!!! And those batteries again. The storage is chemical, and heavy for a given charge, there is little room for reducing weight or volume. And all the polluting activities are in their manufacture, well out of sight. Cheap they will never be. Richard Phillips

Green Alliance: UK energy system unprepared for EV and solar growth

The need for renewables to replace fossil fuels to reduce global warming has been known for a very long time and it beggars belief that a country like the UK, with its excellent science and engineering core, has not moved towards energy storage and a smart grid before now, given that our existing grid was designed long ago, around central electricity generation, in the days when power production was in national hands as all strategic assets should be. Sadly we are now in the market led environment where profit, not national power security is king and we all know who introduced that nonsense. We are slowly picking up the impetus to correct this but we need strong, competent, central government leadership to make it happen - and soonest!!

Britain set for first coal-free day since the industrial revolution

Perhaps another word on biomass might be apposite. Wood, in the form of wood pellets, is the fuel used in the biomass furnaces at the converted section of the Drax power station. This power plant burns approximately 7,000,000 tonnes of wood pellets per year The major constituent of wood is cellulose, a carbohydrate, C6 H10 O5. The hydrogen and oxygen components of this material are, during combustion, emitted as water vapour, and contribute no heat to the process. Thus Drax emits some 3,000,000 tonnes of water per year from its furnaces. All the heat evolved from the combustion of wood is derived from the combustion of the carbon. However, the heat derived from the carbon combustion, in an "open-to-air" process, is depleted by the spontaneous heating of this water to 100oC, and its evaporation. Further heat is adsorbed by the heating of this water vapour to 190oC, the temperature of the flue gas. This is equivalent to the output of some 200 4MW wind turbines, off-shore. I fear that our electricity generation system is not all it might be. I would settle for nuclear, and natural gas, preferably from the UK. Richard Phillips

Britain set for first coal-free day since the industrial revolution

This is only a part of the picture, and depends upon a decision not to use coal in favour of another generator. Coal power will still be AVAILABLE. It is mandatory that all renewable generators are sources used as sources of priority; they have fist bite at the cherry, if they can be used they will be, above all other generation. This does not make them demand lead sources, indeed they never will be. They are "grab it if it available" sources, relying entirely upon fossil and nuclear generators to take up the duty when they are become incapable. And their times of impotence is totally out of human control. For ever. The greater the proportion of renewable energy available and obliged to be used as fist resort, the greater has to be the fossil or nuclear backup. This all makes our power expensive, and the poorest in out society pay the same proportion of their bill to support renewables as do the richer members with money-making solar panels on their roofs. Hardly social justice. But HMG do not understand this. Having a Cabinet without any member with scientific or engineering knowledge above A level at the very most, is no help to the dilemma in which we find ourselves. Mr Shatwell is quite correct in drawing attention to gas fired generation, at this moment 17.24GW, 46.7% 0f demand. Biomass is simply immoral and inefficient. Richard Phillips

Compost, degrade, recycle: the truth about plastic bags - Advancing the circular bioeconomy

Thank you for your clear explanation on this topic. Interesting to read there is no legal definition of biodegradable perhaps this is something that could be addressed during (and after) the current election?

Britain loves onshore wind, contrary to popular belief

In response to your article on the popularity of onshore windfarms. I think they are really great things to see, particularly against a blue sky and big white clouds .Modern ,clean, efficient silent, very safe, progressive ".The ideal power generator" They are ,after all ; only modern "windmills" they are silent, clean, efficient and they produce cheaper power.So what is there to object to? "Wild life" seem to like them (there are more birds around the local windfarm here than before and birds are not stupid, they don''t fly into winfarms they fly around them.). The last person i heard objecting to the local farm was an" incomer" to the area and misread the local feeling about the farm,she thought i was one of the owners of the farm simply because i said that i thought the farm a big plus for this run down coastal holiday area .and i thought it " a wonderful sight particularly up close. The same "objector" to this coastal windfarm parked her car and 5 dogs appeared ,non on a lead.the dogs proceeded to do their business on the carpark and then ran onto the beach to do the same there. Steve .24/4/2017.

Britain set for first coal-free day since the industrial revolution

While this is an important moment in our energy history it must be taken in context. Coal has been in the process of being phased out for some years but those coal fired stations that remain where still burning coal last Friday as they would have still been "ticking over". This week we will almost certainly have to rely on them for extra power generation as it is going to be cold. Also how much of Friday''s electricity needs were provided by gas? Still it is a start on reducing our reliance on solid carbon but we must not "dash for biomass" to replace it as wood pellets are not as "green" as they are made out to be as they still produce particulate matter.

Green Alliance: UK energy system unprepared for EV and solar growth

They fail to realize that the grid is design is for centralised power generation. The interconnection grid network isn''t designed for the maximum demand reverse flow of energy from battery EV cars or storage. The entire infrastructure will need to be revamped at the sub distribution level (interconnections at domestic/commercial connection levels). The same 6 cars charging in a close local area will have the same effect as powering the grid. The amount of copper within the infrastructure still wont support the reverse flow of energy. Smart meters will need to be incorporated into these EV cars to safely control the reverse flow of energy as the same issues exist regardless of energy direction to or from EV or batteries. This summer will see the lowest energy consumption in the UK, the grid is now offering incentives for users to draw more power so that the base load generation can still operate (gas coal nuke), 25% renewables currently could cause the grid to collapse from uncontrolled solar and wind energy production entering the grid.

Big businesses unite in Square Mile coffee cup recycling challenge

Interesting read, thanks for sharing.

Green Investment Bank sold to Macquarie in ?2.3bn deal

* Modelling of wind and pumped-storage power * Scotland Electricity Generation my plan for 2020

Green Investment Bank sold to Macquarie in ?2.3bn deal

Time to repeat my offer to serve as the Governor of a public-sector British Green Investment Bank to transition the country to 100% renewable energy - to be capitalised with an investment stream of 100 billion a year directly from the Bank of England, interest free and with no schedule for repayment of capital expected either. Scottish Scientist Independent Scientific Adviser for Scotland * Double Tidal Lagoon Baseload Scheme * Off-Shore Electricity from Wind, Solar and Hydrogen Power * World s biggest-ever pumped-storage hydro-scheme, for Scotland? * Modelling of wind and pumped-storage po

Compost, degrade, recycle: the truth about plastic bags - Advancing the circular bioeconomy

Hi David Great reply article and brilliant factual information here too. I supply a compostable bag here in Ireland that is made with Natural Resins and Modified Pollyester. I have personally put these bags through an inhouse commercial composter and they ''Disappeared in 17 days''. Had the bags and food waste placed inside a nylon net bag so as to retreive and monitor the bags journey. The Green cornstarch variety only break down circa 50% in the same time frame with any undegraded material being landfilled with all other blow off materials at end of process. Our bag also takes 20kg + in weight and is heat resistant to 70'' + for commercial use. Denis Lawlor

Primary school teachers want to bring sustainability back to school

Hi, Please could you let me know the name of the report that this article references and/or where I could get hold of it. Many thanks

Compost, degrade, recycle: the truth about plastic bags - Advancing the circular bioeconomy

Great article and adds clarity! One question... What is the relevant standard and logo we should be looking for on compostable bags?

Compost, degrade, recycle: the truth about plastic bags - Advancing the circular bioeconomy

Great article and adds clarity! One question... What is the relevant standard and logo we should be looking for on compostable bags?

Electric vehicle energy storage provides 'perfect opportunity' for UK

V2G is a great concept, visioning low carbon energy infrastructure that we all contribute to. In the short term the most important reason for growing the EV sector is to decarbonise transport and reduce air pollution.

Compost, degrade, recycle: the truth about plastic bags - Advancing the circular bioeconomy

David, thanks for challenging our blog: have you anything more to add as our response will come shortly? Luke (Clear Public Space Ltd)

Christiana Figueres: Peak emissions by 2020 'crazy but achievable'

H.L.Mencken The whole aim of practical politics is to keep the populace alarmed and hence clamorous to be led to safety by menacing it with an endless series of hobgoblins, all of them imaginary. Marie Curie Nothing in life is to be feared, it is to be understood Daniel J. Boorstin The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge. Richard Phillips

Nottingham University's carbon-neutral laboratory receives highest green building accolades

Excess energy generated . . . this building is indeed special as it ignores the Law of Conservation of Energy - that you cannot create or destroy it, rather you convert it from one form to another!!

Government pours ?6m into University of Sheffield's CCS research centre

CCS must be coupled to utilization as well, absolutely essential. We cannot simply store the vast quantities of this gas and trust that it will never escape en masse - it will - with devastating consequences local to the escape. Also, the main reason for CCSU, as it will become, is reduction in global pollution, reducing our ability to breathe and acidifying the oceans - not global warming.

Government awards ?24m for district heating projects

Whilst the District Heat center may be super 100% efficient some HIUs installed in newly built apartments feature poor efficiency ratings. In fact some perform so badly the customer would be far better off using an obsolete BAXI bermuda back boiler. To add insult some heat providers claim to offer a price promise guarantee yet fails to take into account the efficiency rating of the supplied HIU. Also worth checking out the Heat Trust website - currently they ask the heat customer to enter the district heating units used and then somehow calculates an alternative gas cost. Allegedly the scheme to protect customers fails to recalculate the customers units taking into account the energy loss after the meter measurement. Allegedly by including poor efficiency hikes up the alternative gas comparison unfairly. Heating hot water from 43c to 60 in a 150Litres tank needs 2.98kWh of energy. However it has been recorded a heat-only HIU requires twice amount - by doubling the units and then multiplying by 1.25 as a comparison is a misrepresentation

Largest UK energy storage portfolio to come online in 2018

This report reflects Anesco''s own press release, which does not distinguish between how much energy will be stored (MWh) and the power available (MW) when it is released. Different technologies have different characteristics, e.g. capacitors can store relatively small quantities of energy but can deliver high levels of power for a very short period, while at the other extreme storage as hydrogen or simulated natural gas can store more energy but delivers it over a much longer period of time. I''m a layman, but I can appreciate that for grid balancing purposes we need a variety of storage systems with different characteristics - at the capacitor end to deal with everyone switching on their kettles at the end of a popular tv programme, and at the other end to deal with major generation outages or unusually cold weather. I recommend the REA 2016 report, referenced in and linked from the Edie report of 10/10/2016 entitled "REA calls for energy policy reform to unlock storage megashift." The REA report addresses these issues