Terminodour: it’s low on energy, high on efficiency
Odour control could hardly be described as environmentally friendly. But, as Colin Froud explains, CSO Technik’s unique Terminodour system is benefiting water companies by reducing power consumption and overall carbon footprint.
The main energy demand of odour abatement systems arise from the extraction fans that are generally required to extract at 10-12 air change per hour (ACPH) from a building and then push it through a scrubbing media with a high resistance.
The combination of high air volume and significant pressure drop through the media bed requires large fan motors with high energy consumption. Given that fan law dictates that power absorbed varies as a cube of the fan speed, reducing the fan speed by lowering the air change rate and reducing the pressure drop will drastically reduce the size of the fan motor and power consumption.
Simply reducing the air extraction rate from 10-12 ACPH will result in poor ventilation within the building and a build-up of toxic gases such as Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) leading to a poor or potentially dangerous working environment. Several water companies and leading consulting engineers, including United Utilities and MWH, have recognised the high carbon footprint of traditional odour control technologies and have implemented alternative odour abatement designs incorporating Terminodour that significantly reduce energy consumption and overall carbon footprint.
Terminodour is a unique odour control system that uses a specially developed ionisation process, which oxidises odour in situ. The system utilises fresh filtered air that is ionised and fed into the building or tank consequently the pressure drop is a fraction of that of comparable odour extraction technologies.
Because the negatively charged oxygen molecules (O-) require contact time in order to oxidise the odours, high air change rates are neither desirable or beneficial and despite lower ACPH rates internal air quality actually improves. The combined benefit of reduced air volumes and lower pressure drops ensures lower power consumption. The resultant annual energy savings in the above example are 368,000kW/h per annum. Savings can also be seen on wet well/pumping station applications.
Terminodour was installed on a combined storm overflow tank at Hoylake, near Liverpool, for United. In Fig 2, the actual power consumption figures are detailed alongside an estimate of a traditional extraction system using a dry media such as activated carbon.
Although the saving is not as significant in this application the lower air volume and pressure drop of the Terminodour systems provide annual energy saving of 34,400kW hours. Due to long contact time to achieve effective oxidation, Terminodour is not always suitable as the sole means of odour abatement.
An example would be a building housing sludge centrifuges where H2S levels emanating from the centrifuges can be measured in hundreds of ppm. Traditionally the whole air volume of the building would have been extracted at a rate of 10-12 ACPH to an odour scrubbing system.
By extracting the high level odours but relatively small volume of air to a scrubbing system and utilising the Terminodour system to deal with the high air volumes but relatively low background odour, significant energy savings can be made. At Fleetwood, United used Terminodour in combination with a chemical scrubbing system to deal with odours from the sludge cake building, and the size of the chemical scrubber was reduced by around 80%.
At Swansea, Dwr Cymru Welsh Water installed a Terminodour system to supplement the performance of a three-stage chemical scrubbing system with a power consumption of 300kW/hr. The system has proved so successful that it is dealing with virtually the entire odour while operating at only 20% of the power requirement of the chemical scrubber.
CSO Technik can design and supply the full combination system of Terminodour and the scrubbing system which provides a benefit to the client of having only one supplier/contractor responsible for the integrity of the entire odour abatement system. CSO can and has supplied a wide range of scrubbing technologies from passive activated carbon to complex wet chemical scrubbing systems.
CSO's Kombi-Skrub is a dry chemical scrubber that is an ideal partner for Terminodour although it can also be used as a stand-alone odour abatement system. Kombi-Skrub has a high odour removal capacity making it ideal for low volume high odour content applications from dewatering equipment, or any odour source which can contaminate the general atmosphere in housings or buildings.
The relatively small size and low resistance of the system allows for low energy, high efficiency, small extraction fans to be used. With the heavy potential contamination reduced by Kombi-Skrub, the fugitive odours in the atmosphere are removed by Terminodour and together they combine to provide an unparalleled low energy consumption total solution.
Colin Froud is managing director at CSO Technik.