MPs accuse Government of having 'no clear plan' to implement SDGs
The UK Government has failed to set out a clear plan to deliver the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or encourage businesses to do likewise, according to new research from a cross-party watchdog.
The SDGs were agreed by nations in 2015 and set targets to end extreme poverty, tackle climate change and reduce inequality by 2030. The Goals are considered to offer significant economic opportunities, but a report released today (26 April) by the Environmental Audit Committee (EAC) claims that the Government has done little to promote public awareness.
“Ours is the generation which can end poverty and ensure that our children inherit a fairer, healthier and more sustainable country,” EAC chair Mary Creagh MP said. "That is what the Global Goals are all about. As the UK leaves the EU, the Government has a once in a generation opportunity to use the Global Goals to forge a cross-party consensus on sustainable development in the UK.
“However, the Government seems to regard the Goals as a developing world issue and has no clear plan to implement them domestically.”
The Government’s action to deliver the SDGs abroad has not been replicated domestically, MPs say, leaving a “doughnut-shaped hole” in place of efforts. Ministers are criticised for showing an unwillingness to appear before the Committee, the EAC viewing this as a sign that the issue is being “quietly dropped” by the Government.
To address this accountability gap, the Government is urged to establish an independent advisory body, and appoint a cabinet minister with strategic responsibility to implement the SDGs across all departments. Ministers should publish a new report which sets out how Government objectives can be aligned with the SDGs, MPs insist.
The EAC also urges all major political parties to use the upcoming General Election to display their commitment to the Goals.
Prime Minister Theresa May is personally criticised for a lack of leadership on the issue. The EAC, does, however, welcome May's recent statement in a response to an open letter from leading businesses “that we, as governments, international institutions, businesses and individuals, need to do more to respond to the concerns of those who feel that the modern world has left them behind”.
The Committee recognises that, as the SDGS are not legally binding, the implementation will rely on the goodwill of governments, alongside businesses pursuing economic opportunities presented by the SDGs. The Government should look for effective ways to promote responsible business behaviour, the EAC maintains.
Research has shown that the Goals could add $12trn to the global economy. However, the EAC inquiry heard evidence from business representatives of low levels of the Goals in the private sector. This chimes with mounting evidence that private sector progress towards each of the 17 SDGs has been slow.
However, reports show that momentum within the private sector is gradually increasing, as companies begin to witness material opportunities, rather than feeling like they need to respond to the SDGs solely due to internal and external pressures. Corporate giants such as PepsiCo, Coca-Cola, SABMiller and Unilever have all mapped their sustainability targets against the Goals that concern them the most.
Business commitment to achieve the SDGs requires a new way of looking at development finance. As such, the World Bank has issued its first ever set of green bonds that directly link financial returns to companies performing to the standards and aims on the SDGs.