Manufacturers aim for carbon-neutral cement by 2050
A group of the world's leading producers of cement have issued a new industry commitment to deliver carbon-neutral concrete by 2050.
Announced today (1 September), the joint industry ‘2050 Climate Ambition’ sees 40 global cement companies commit to delivering a carbon-neutral cement by 2050, aligning with the aspirations of the Paris climate accord. Companies included in the ambition are Cemex, Dalmia Cement and Heidelberg.
Launched by the Global Cement and Concrete Association (GCCA) on behalf of its member companies, the new commitment will focus on eliminating energy-related emissions and deploying carbon capture technologies (CCS). A circular economy will also be prioritised as part of this ambition, with signatories pledging to reuse and recycle concrete used in the construction of buildings, while also harnessing the material’s ability to absorb and store carbon from the atmosphere.
On the circular economy front, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation has claimed that the transition to a circular economy is vital to global carbon-neutral and net-zero commitments.
GCCA’s chief executive Dinah McLeod said: “As we face the challenges for future generations and begin global economic recovery, concrete will be even more critical to building the sustainable world of tomorrow. That’s why we are making this commitment today, in order that our crucial industry aligns with global targets, including the Paris Agreement.
“Concrete has a vital role to play in addressing the need for sustainable communities and prosperity. It is a key ingredient of infrastructure, homes, clean water and community resilience as our climate changes. Crucially, it will also help facilitate the transition to clean/green energy. We believe this journey will be challenging but are fully committed to working together with our members, partners and stakeholders across the industry and supply chain to achieve this ambition.”
The global cement industry is estimated to account for 6-7% of man-made greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions annually and is widely considered hard-to-abate, given its reliance on sectors such as heat and transport, and the fact that its processes rely on clinker. However, the industry has delivered a 19% reduction in carbon emissions per tonne of cementitious material along with a ninefold increase in alternative fuel use since 1990.
GCCA member companies are currently developing a roadmap for the 2050 ambition, while will set out actions and intermediate milestones. The roadmap is scheduled to be published in the second half of 2021.
Companies within the sector have ramped up approaches to climate action in recent years. Research produced by the Transition Pathway Initiative (TPI), for example, discovered that only 19% of large industrial companies had aligned with a 2C or below pathway.
However, the assessment of the paper, cement, steel, aluminium and chemical sectors discovered that 29% have set targets in line with the Paris Agreement by 2030 – an increase of 24% on 2018. This figure included a doubling of cement firms making pledges.
Last year, Heidelberg Cement signed a memorandum of understanding with multinational energy giant Equinor, in a bid to scale up its efforts in the field of CCS.
Elsewhere, multinational cement and building materials giant Cemex has pledged to reach net-zero across its operations and products by 2050.