Pensions hold the £3trn key to a Just Transition
Maria Nazarova-Doyle, head of pension investments and responsible investments at Scottish Widows outlines how the finance sector can help mobilise action towards a low-carbon society that benefits all of society.
There is rightly a lot of attention on climate change and how the pension industry can play a part in achieving net-zero. Since the beginning of the industrial era, human activity has
increased global CO₂ levels by around 50%. With £3trn invested in UK pensions, we have the power to help avert climate disaster by accelerating the transition to net-zero.
While there has been a lot of attention on climate change, the social issues have largely been unaddressed. What does the net-zero transition mean for us as a society? The drive for net-zero will create fundamental changes to our daily lives. Many people will face wholesale employment, industry and community shifts. We can expect that if not carefully managed, this will land in uneven ways, with the poorest and most vulnerable likely taking the brunt of the fallout, which would be equally true within developed countries as much as on the global scale between the developed and developing world.
In addition to the damage climate change is doing to the planet already, it is increasingly accepted that it also presents a serious risk to long term savings. As an industry, our duty to protect and grow the long-term value of our customers’ savings means we must act – today, not tomorrow. When addressing these pressing issues, it’s important to remember that the social aspects of climate change also have a significant influence on financial stability and potential returns. More than this, as the world transitions to a net-zero future, we have the opportunity to invest in socially inclusive ways that create great positive changes for the world.
Why we need a Just Transition
As Nick Robins, Professor in Practice for Sustainable Finance at London School of Economics, has said before, the pursuit of a Just Transition is the right, necessary and smart thing to do. Right, because investors have already signed up to social principles, from maintaining labour standards to upholding human rights. Now they have to apply them to climate action.
It is necessary because a transition is needed for the survival of people and the planet. Yet, without taking into consideration the social dynamics, we risk a failed transition. If people’s needs aren’t considered or valued as part of transition plans, we lose their support. This will lead to the structural changes required to meet net-zero targets not materialising, bringing about the devastating negative effects of our failure to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
While the Just Transition is right and necessary, it is also the smart thing to do. Through policies that put people first, we create opportunities to build skills, bring communities together and ultimately achieve better long-term results. Companies that manage the Just Transition properly will outlast competitors, and will provide stable long-term returns for investors. It’s the ultimate win-win.
As with all areas of inequality, certain demographic factors can determine who in society is likely to be left behind. Race, gender, geography and education all play a significant part – an instinctively unfair situation. For instance, consider that Zambia’s carbon footprint is a tenth of the UK’s, yet it faces continuous environmental disasters, including drought and food.
It’s not simply the unfairness that means we should be taking this seriously, but because of the repercussions of that unfairness. A study by Project Drawdown found that we could save 85.4 billion tons of CO₂e emissions between 2020 and 2050 if we were to create universal access to education for women. This is because when we raise levels of education, access to reproductive healthcare improves alongside women’s political, social and economic empowerment and their involvement in solving the big issues of today, like climate change.
The role for the pension industry to drive this shift
As an industry, we hold a unique position in being able to drive the Just Transition, through allocation, engagement and collaboration.
The Just Transition creates many opportunities for impact investment – where investments are made with intent to generate a measurable positive effect on the environment or society, alongside a financial return. For instance, the infrastructure sector within emerging economies offers a $920 billion investment opportunity – the largest share of investment is likely to be housing and renewable energy infrastructure, both major drivers for social and environmental development.
We can also create change through direct engagement. Companies have come a long way in recent years, announcing net-zero plans, partly due to pressure applied by investors. Now’s the time to apply the same pressure, urging them to embed Just Transition considerations into their plans.
Finally, through collaboration as an industry, pooling resources, knowledge and relationships, we can amplify our collective voice and achieve large-scale change. Climate Action 100+ and ShareAction are great examples of this in practice. They are already developing tools and benchmarks to incorporate Just Transition considerations in a better way, as are organisations like the World Benchmarking Alliance, which we’re pleased to be working with.
Where we go from here
Today, the necessity of a transition to net zero is widely accepted and well understood. Now is the time to make a Just Transition equally recognised. This is imperative – with no Just Transition, we have no transition. Success is contingent on forging an equitable path to net-zero.
This week Scottish Widows released ”The Just Way” report – an in-depth study detailing how we can achieve a low-carbon environmentally sustainable economy, without leaving people behind, and why it’s in the pension industry’s best interests to help make it happen.
In the report, we detail a 15-point plan for pension funds and the UK Government. From incorporating measurable social considerations alongside the usual environmental metrics when considering potential investment opportunities to calling for the Gto make Just Transition considerations a central component of wider net-zero policy, we believe this plan is the way to secure a Just Transition.
It is not hyperbolic to say that failure means disaster. But the opportunity is undeniable. Increased productivity, reduced inequality, long-term stable investment returns, and increased prosperity. The far-reaching nature of the pensions industry means we are perfectly placed to seize these opportunities. So why wouldn’t we?
Read more in Scottish Widows’ Just Way report
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