Waste not want not
Are contaminated soils waste? IKM's Alistair Keen, newly elected Chair of the Environmental Industries Commission (EIC) Contaminated Land Working Group concludes, well, yes and no...
Having recently been elected Chair of the Environmental Industries Commission
(EIC) Contaminated Land Working Group, I thought it might be useful to set out
what the EIC is, what the Working Group does and what the key issues being discussed
The Contaminated Land Working Group is one of the most active of the 12 Working
Groups within the EIC. Meetings are held quarterly, usually in London, and are
attended by some 50-plus delegates on each occasion. The next meeting of the
Contaminated Land Working Group, in a break from tradition, will be held at
the International Clean Up Exhibition at Manchester’s G-Mex Centre on 19 March
At present a number of issues of concern to the Contaminated Land Working Group
are being addressed with regulatory authorities and government. One of the EIC’s
main functions is to lobby parliament and civil servants for improvements in
legislation and enforcement of existing legislation that will benefit the UK
environmental technologies and services industry. A number of issues relating
to Part IIa of the Environment Act, the Waste Management Regulations and IPPC
are at present of concern.
One area of continuing concern is the issue of contaminated land remediation
licensing. At present, contaminated soils are categorised as waste, and accordingly
contaminated land remediation very often falls under the auspices of the Waste
Management Regulations. This has led to a number of legal standpoints being
taken by the regulators over the years, which are at odds with the government’s
aim of increasing the amount of sustainable re-use of brownfield sites.
The Mobile Plant Licensing (MPL) regime, which has facilitated the on-site
remediation of a great many sites, was instigated primarily through EIC lobbying.
Although the MPL system is less than perfect, it does at least allow on-site
remediation to continue, which would otherwise not have been the case.
Laid to waste
One area of interest for the Contaminated Land Working Group is the concept
of a Single Regeneration Licence. It is being promoted at present by a number
of EIC member companies with the support of the Environment Agency and DEFRA.
This, if it comes to fruition, will remove many of the inconsistencies in the
current regulations. Following EIC lobbying, a DEFRA-supported working group
is at present being set up with a view to reporting to government and civil
servants next year on how a Single Regeneration Licence could be facilitated.
At present it seems likely that it might be fitted into forthcoming IPPC Regulations.
The EIC Contaminated Land Group is actively involved in this Working Group.
Another area exercising member companies at the moment is the very issue of
contaminated soils being categorised as waste. One unfortunate consequence of
this definition is, for example, the fact that soils won from excavations for
foundations may be categorised as waste as the intention was to discard the
soil rather than to win clean soil. Another consequence is that, under the Waste
Management Regulations, no soil containing List 1 or List 2 substances may be
returned to the ground during a waste management activity that will impact on
groundwater. Obviously soils post bioremediation that have been cleaned up to
a risk assessed level may indeed discharge minute quantities of oil to groundwater.
As a consequence of this it is possible that post-bioremediation soils being
returned to the ground may be categorised as landfill. Obviously this situation
is undesirable and the EIC is lobbying DEFRA, the Environment Agency and SEPA
to have these matters reviewed.
The Group is also actively involved in influencing issues such as the implementation
of the Landfill Directive, R&D support for the industry and the Landfill
Tax Credit Scheme.
The Working Group also has the opportunity to comment on forthcoming legislation
and discussion papers at an early date. More useful information comes from the
briefings given by key industry or regulatory figures during the quarterly meetings.
So, if you want to be at the heart of the contaminated land industry, get involved
with the EIC!