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Our economic model is indeed broken. I think though that change needs to start at the top. E.g. IMF''s web page gives it''s aims as purely economic ones. If their aim was to change the economic system to serve human wellbeing, I think that would be a start. And by human wellbeing, I mean serving our needs, which have been marvellously described by Maslow. This means food, water, clean air, shelter for all and environmental protection so we can secure these basic things for our entire lifetimes.
MP''s are allowing themselves to be distracted, the issue is creating a coordinated recycling scheme across the country, so that we can put clear instructions on the packaging as to what to do with it, I.e when you have finished with this packaging wash out and put in blue bin. This is not currently possible, as recycling schemes Chang from town to town. MP''s need to wake up and smell the waste, no good looking at individual items till they have created a way of recycling it.
Hi William, The disposable cups will be upcycled into paper that will then be converted into the yellow shopping bags, with the final product containing 20% cup fibre, meaning one large bag will contain the equivalent of one 8oz cup. The remaining fibre will continue to be PEFC certified. Hope that helps. Thanks, George
What percentage of the bag will be made of fibres from paper cups? Thank you.
Would it not be fair to say that five of the second set of sayings are not really relevent in this debate. Sayings 2,5,6,7,9 and 10 don''t, in my opinion, when taken in the context of the speech from which they were taken refer to climate change
Where does the money from this fine go?
Can there be some honesty with regards to Air quality in respect to transport exhaust emissions. Whilst the Governments have ignored the EU regulations and the UK Law which the passed which enshrined those rules and for that they should be held to account in the European Court before Brexit allows them to hide. Does anyone have faith in these lying politicians to enact laws to be more stringent than those which they chose to ignore for whatever reasons. But lets not overlook the Auto Industry and the cosey relationship with governments and also the control and forceful influence of the Fossil Fuel industry. It is a damning indictment on all these groups of people, that they are spending many millions on Auto pilot EVs and all the intelligent people developing petrol engines which are extremely well engineered to cut a small amount of emissions. We have EVs which the Auto makers and OLEV, Low-carbon vehicles etc have come up with,,,,,,,"Zero emissions capable". This is applied to the new London eTaxi and it has a petrol engine generator as a range extender. So if the batteries are re charged from RE generated electricity it will complete about 35 to 40 miles with Zero emissions in use. The rest of the day perhaps 200 miles could be powered by the petrol engine. I must be missing something here, there is a working hydrogen Rotary engine prototype and a concept for a Hydrogen hybrid Rotary Engine-generator. These offer Zero emissions, yes they might not be viable, but in the event that at this point in time they offer a start point toward low-cost Zero emissions Hydrogen EVs. Again am I the only one who can see that a zero emissions engine will be manufactured on the same production lines which produce 60 - 70 million units 2016. This would reduce the need for, 600 or so Giga Factories and the means to extract and produce millions of tonnes of Lithium etc and monumental infrastructure improvements in all trillions in costs. Clearly there will be a small amount of costs to pass down to the consumer by searching out and developing a hydrogen engine generator. Low cost Zero emissions EVs are an essential if there is to be mass roll out in order to clean up the Air which people breath. The Government are not solely to blame, there is a complete failure by Auto makers and Research departments at Universities along with funding agency Innovate UK to take on board the fact that to overcome the causes of Global Warming it is rather stupid to ignore funding Hydrogen concepts, whilst awarding 3.5 million to Daimler to ADAPT KERS from F1 to diesel coaches to cut 17% emissions (at 50% funding) I would say to all these funding people running Funding competitions, you can get all the super business plans, but you will not paper over CO2 emission, by ignoring Hydrogen concepts which do not meet criteria simply misses the chance to see if something is viable. High time that people saw through the smoke screen, If the Auto Makers do not want to even look at the details of a Hydrogen engine and Research people do not want to consider attempting to develop a engine concept which does have potential then are these people stifling and delaying such projects because there is conflict with petrol engines they are developing. I say again it is not just the Government but they must realise that there are very intelligent people in the Auto Industry and at Universities and these people cannot move vehicles from Fossil Fuels to Hydrogen. Seriously misled just the same as Diesel Gate.
How can the world s largest independent Coca-Cola bottler by net sales achieve the highest score on the Health and Nutrition? I don''t know the details, but something just seems wrong. Even their CEO seems a little unsure when he is quoted as saying "Our listing on the DJSI confirms that we are heading in the right direction". Incidentally, the first paragraph is probably wrong, as the company in question is Coca-Cola European Bottlers, and not Coca-Cola itself. I''m also not sure quite how a large tobacco company (BAT) can genuinely be seen as sustainable.
Sadly waste incineration is a block to recycling. About 25 years ago Hampshire replaced all its incinerators but did introduce a lot recycling facilities as part of the mix. However I recently browsed the recycling table and saw that Hampshire cities and towns languished at the bottom.
BAT .... killing us softly!
Wanted to buy a couple of pairs for my son.... Hard to find - nothing to distinguish them from the rest apart from word ''Selvedge'' - I assume these are all ''low impact''? I have a feeling this will go the same way as M&S fair trade t-shirts - a short lived gimick with inadqequate marketing, quietly withdrawn....
David, I can see hydrogen having uses for large vehicles such as ships and heavy goods vehicles (although there are electric trucks starting to appear), but there is no way that hydrogen will usurp electric for small passenger vehicles. The advantages of electric are convenience (every dwelling has an electricity supply) whereas in the future having to drive to a forecourt to fill your car will seem like an anachronism. V2G also means that load balancing to the grid becomes applicable, as excess power from your car battery can be transferred to your Tesla Powerwall or straight to the grid. I realise that not everyone can access a charger if they live in an apartment for example, but that is more of a policy matter between local governments and residents associations. Secondly, battery prices dropped 40% last year, and energy density is increasing. This will only continue. Soon (in say 3 years) there will be no rational argument against battery EV''s, as the range and price point will be there. Hydrogen production makes hydrogen powered EV''s much less efficient than battery EV''s. A Scientific American article back in 2006 stated, "The entire process of electrolysis, transportation, pumping and fuel-cell conversion would leave only about 20 to 25 percent of the original zero-carbon electricity to drive the motor." But in an EV or plug-in hybrid, "the process of electricity transmission, charging an onboard battery and discharging the battery would leave 75 to 80 percent of the original electricity to drive the motor." So the hydrogen car is more like one third as efficient as the EV". It''s also high cost, and the infrastructure isn''t there. a hydrogen pipeline system from central station renewable generation and onsite renewable generation and electrolysis?--?are wildly implausible for many decades to come, if ever.
You have written a very good blog, it is very knowledgeable. Same issues in our state on business of Slitter Rewinder Machine
The prescription that "energy demand will peak in 2025 before plateauing in 2030" is a recipe for absolute catastrophe. Urgent reduction is needed.
I think all future plans for EV charging points should also include hydrogen charging points for hydrogen-electric vehicles which are available now and can be refueled as fast as a petrol or diesel vehicle, but there are few hydrogen charging points in the UK unlike in Germany where there is a growing infrastructure. Battery powered EVs have a limited future due to the time to charge them and the considerable cost of the batteries which have a limited life; they will probably be replaced by hydrogen-electric vehicles over time.
Great article Tim. Regards. Bob Crawford
Adam, unfortunately as soon as one costs it out, it all starts to unravel https://innovateuk.blog.gov.uk/2017/07/24/the-faraday-challenge-part-of-the-industrial-strategy-challenge-fund/#comments
Adam - I agree that overtime we must stop wasting hydrocarbons by simply burning them, they are too valuable resource to squander. Gerry - yes we need to decarbonise freight traffic too rather than just concentrating on personal transportation. There have been moves in this department such as the new Post Office Electric Van et al. I grew up in the days of your morning pint being delivered on an electric milk float so I see no reason for urban goods not to be moved around in the same way. Alvin - I am intrigued by your Hydrogen Hybrid Rotary Engine concept and the idea of "onboard Hydrogen generation". How does this work and what is the feedstock for the hydrogen generation? For me the problem with Hydrogen is the fact it leaks, the pressure vessel to carry it is extremely heavy and it is difficult to produce (well my experience of lab grade H2 Generators suggests this). Burning H2 will still potentially produce NOx in the same way burning hydrocarbons does but if you can produce enough H2 to use in an efficient Fuel Cell then I don''t see any reason why not. One further thought about EVs - modern cars have a lot of electrical gadgets that we have all come to take for granted. The power for all this is provided by the ICE through the alternator. In an EV the power for all these gizmos has to come from the battery pack meaning a larger, heavier battery. How does this affect the performance of the battery? Or is this balanced by taking the weight of the engine and fuel tank away?
To me the path of travel is quite clear. The ultimate aim is that fossil fueled vehicles will be phased out. Nothing you have said can be argued with, it is clear that currently our grid is not fit to deal with the increase in electric vehicle usage aligned with the desired uptake. To position this in the context of a case against electric vehicles however is incorrect and that is where it does seem like a ploy by the oil industry to stall or slow the inevitable by providing facts that whilst are true are one part of the picture and one of the many challenges that we are planning to overcome. The switch to electric vehicles is one small part in the goal to decarbonise transport in the long term, this has to be supported by all of the initiatives you have mentioned. Short term, yes it does somewhat shift the problem but the major benefit of this is that we will start to see the huge urban concentrations of poisonous fumes start to dissipate and substantially improve air quality and public health in those centres. Everyone working in this area are considering all technologies, this works on a spectrum from fuel cell and autonomous vehicles to pushing for better Nitrous Oxide traps on diesel vehicles and more efficient petrol vehicles. I work for a transport authority and we are not against personal vehicles as every mode has its place, most certainly within a social context but we must also push initiatives that provide health, environmental and economical benefits, providing a truly sustainable transport network, fit for the ever growing future requirements. Also the aim of vehicle to grid technology will be to ensure that it would serve the needs of both the vehicle user and the grid. It is likely as with demand response and the use of UPS batteries, the demand will only skim capacity of batteries at specified times.
There is no such thing as cruelty free dairy milk for human consumption. The cows will only continue to give milk if they have calves. The male calves are taken away for slaughter after birth, and to make the cow continue producing milk it is continuously re-impreganted to keep having more calves, and the cycle of slaughter is continued. The female cow is worn out after five years and is then slaughtered itself. There is no such thing as cruelty-free dairy milk, despite the RSPCA''s best efforts.
Keiron Your blog does make lots of interesting points, particularly getting people [and business] to stop wasting energy. And indeed to use all resources in a sensible and affordable way. In a recent article by Andrew Warren [energy in buildings July 2017] produces information that the UK has reduced it''s energy consumption by 16.2% in 10 years starting in 2005. The core data comes from Government Collated and published figures [December 2016]. Compare the actual with the published forecast growth of 15% for the same 10 years. In that same period GNP has risen every year. So it seems that all the various sticks and carrots towards improving energy efficiency has worked. So putting EV into the power demand forecast is not crucial part of the issue. The major Impact from forcing people to use EV''s is on the local energy infrastructure. How will it be funded, and how will the networks be installed? The UK local networks have been installed over the last 70 or more years, and nearly always were paid for by the property developers [or at least with a substantial capex contribution]. The funding of network investment due to EV requirements needs a major rethink. By the way, a huge volume of road and rail traffic will be powered by diesel long after the advent of EV cars
The energy for charging EV will come from wind power. Lots of that in Scotland Solar pv may also be used So force all charging points to be connected to renewable energy
There''s a couple of items I''d like to respond to, I will try to respond to all points as soon as possible I promise. I''m, in a way, delighted by the response this post has had so far. With luck it will help us come up with a proper, coherent policy rather than the slap dash, knee jerk, political BS that we have right now. Aldous - yes I am acutely aware of the impact we are having on the other species we share the planet with. Being a sailor I see all to often the impact of our wasteful ways on our seas and as a mountain biker I see the same (similar) impact of plastics in our hills and glens. I''m not sure about EVs playing a part in energy storage as that implies we are willing to allow the battery of our vehicle to be drained if the Grid requires it, would you like to get in the car in the morning and find a flat battery? I may be wrong in this matter but I think we need to have a proper Grid scale storage system before we rely on small batteries with a different role. Carl - actually not all liquid fuelled vehicles run on petrol or diesel some run on LPG, on Compressed Natural Gas and even pure Ethanol. I know Reading Busses have a fleet of CHG Hybrid busses so this is why I suggest perhaps alternative liquid fuels should also be considered as part of the mix. I hope that vehicle use habits will change with time and I do question why anyone in our major conurbations needs a 3 tonne 4x4 to drive a mile but for many people personal transport is an essential so I don''t see usage dropping significantly soon. I do agree that changes in the way we work in particular need to be addressed as it seems pointless to drive to an office to sit at a PC doing a job that could just as easily be done on your dining room table given a reliable high speed internet connection. To everyone that corrected my appalling maths and provided links I say a heartfelt thanks. I will read all the links and reply to each in turn as soon as I can. Please keep the discussion going
Thanks Joe - I will certainly have a look at the full report but to me the summary lacks substance. A a good starting point would be to recognize the sheer UTILITY of a family-size, weatherproof transportation device available at the instant, exclusive, autonomous and discretionary use of the owner - rather than pretend people would regard its LOSS as anything other than a massive reduction in their quality-of-life After all we live and I hope we will continue to live in a democracy. All these aspirations need primary legislation to implement and if at the next election one party stands on a manifesto `we will take away your cars and foreign holidays` and the other party doesn''t it`s obvious what will happen